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Adipocytes and Obesity-Related Conditions Jointly Promote Breast Cancer Cell Growth and Motility : Associations With CAP1 for Prognosis

Rosendahl, Ann H LU ; Bergqvist, Malin LU ; Lettiero, Barbara LU ; Kimbung, Siker LU and Borgquist, Signe LU (2018) In Frontiers in Endocrinology 9.
Abstract

The global increase in overweight and obesity rates represent pressing public health concerns associated with severe comorbidities, amongst a rising incidence and impaired outcome of breast cancer. Yet, biological explanations for how obesity affects breast cancer are incompletely mapped. Herein, the joint impact by differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obesity-related metabolic conditions on breast cancer cells was evaluated in vitro and adipocyte-derived mediators assessed. Adipokine receptor expression was explored among breast cancer cell lines (n = 47) and primary breast tumors (n = 1,881), where associations with survival outcomes were investigated. Adipocytes and metabolic complications jointly stimulated breast cancer cell... (More)

The global increase in overweight and obesity rates represent pressing public health concerns associated with severe comorbidities, amongst a rising incidence and impaired outcome of breast cancer. Yet, biological explanations for how obesity affects breast cancer are incompletely mapped. Herein, the joint impact by differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obesity-related metabolic conditions on breast cancer cells was evaluated in vitro and adipocyte-derived mediators assessed. Adipokine receptor expression was explored among breast cancer cell lines (n = 47) and primary breast tumors (n = 1,881), where associations with survival outcomes were investigated. Adipocytes and metabolic complications jointly stimulated breast cancer cell proliferation and motility, with phenotype-specific differences. Resistin was among the top modulated adipokines secreted by 3T3-L1 adipocytes under obesity-associated metabolic conditions compared with normal physiology. The newly identified resistin receptor, CAP1, was expressed across a large panel of breast cancer cell lines and primary breast tumors. CAP1 was associated with poor tumor characteristics with higher CAP1 expression among estrogen receptor (ER)-negative tumors, relative to ER-positive tumors (P = 0.025), and higher histological grades (P = 0.016). High CAP1 tumor expression was associated with shorter overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HRadj] 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-2.13) and relapse-free survival (HRadj 1.47; 95% CI, 1.10-1.96), compared with low or intermediate CAP1 expression, particularly among ER-positive tumors or lymph node positive tumors. Together, these translational data demonstrate that the adipocyte secretome promote breast cancer cell proliferation and motility and highlight a potential role of CAP1 regarding breast cancer outcome-results that warrant further investigation to elucidate the obesity-breast cancer link in human pathology.

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Abstract (Swedish)
The global increase in overweight and obesity rates represent pressing public health concerns associated with severe comorbidities, amongst a rising incidence and impaired outcome of breast cancer. Yet, biological explanations for how obesity affects breast cancer are incompletely mapped. Herein, the joint impact by differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obesity-related metabolic conditions on breast cancer cells was evaluated in vitro and adipocyte-derived mediators assessed. Adipokine receptor expression was explored among breast cancer cell lines (n = 47) and primary breast tumors (n = 1,881), where associations with survival outcomes were investigated. Adipocytes and metabolic complications jointly stimulated breast cancer cell... (More)
The global increase in overweight and obesity rates represent pressing public health concerns associated with severe comorbidities, amongst a rising incidence and impaired outcome of breast cancer. Yet, biological explanations for how obesity affects breast cancer are incompletely mapped. Herein, the joint impact by differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obesity-related metabolic conditions on breast cancer cells was evaluated in vitro and adipocyte-derived mediators assessed. Adipokine receptor expression was explored among breast cancer cell lines (n = 47) and primary breast tumors (n = 1,881), where associations with survival outcomes were investigated. Adipocytes and metabolic complications jointly stimulated breast cancer cell proliferation and motility, with phenotype-specific differences. Resistin was among the top modulated adipokines secreted by 3T3-L1 adipocytes under obesity-associated metabolic conditions compared with normal physiology. The newly identified resistin receptor, CAP1, was expressed across a large panel of breast cancer cell lines and primary breast tumors. CAP1 was associated with poor tumor characteristics with higher CAP1 expression among estrogen receptor (ER)-negative tumors, relative to ER-positive tumors (P = 0.025), and higher histological grades (P = 0.016). High CAP1 tumor expression was associated with shorter overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HRadj] 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11–2.13) and relapse-free survival (HRadj 1.47; 95% CI, 1.10–1.96), compared with low or intermediate CAP1 expression, particularly among ER-positive tumors or lymph node positive tumors. Together, these translational data demonstrate that the adipocyte secretome promote breast cancer cell proliferation and motility and highlight a potential role of CAP1 regarding breast cancer outcome—results that warrant further investigation to elucidate the obesity-breast cancer link in human pathology. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Frontiers in Endocrinology
volume
9
article number
689
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • pmid:30524378
ISSN
1664-2392
DOI
10.3389/fendo.2018.00689
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
78df1ee7-3c8e-42f3-b9a6-7dbb8d808a0c
date added to LUP
2019-05-22 09:37:31
date last changed
2019-05-22 13:21:23
@article{78df1ee7-3c8e-42f3-b9a6-7dbb8d808a0c,
  abstract     = {<p>The global increase in overweight and obesity rates represent pressing public health concerns associated with severe comorbidities, amongst a rising incidence and impaired outcome of breast cancer. Yet, biological explanations for how obesity affects breast cancer are incompletely mapped. Herein, the joint impact by differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and obesity-related metabolic conditions on breast cancer cells was evaluated in vitro and adipocyte-derived mediators assessed. Adipokine receptor expression was explored among breast cancer cell lines (n = 47) and primary breast tumors (n = 1,881), where associations with survival outcomes were investigated. Adipocytes and metabolic complications jointly stimulated breast cancer cell proliferation and motility, with phenotype-specific differences. Resistin was among the top modulated adipokines secreted by 3T3-L1 adipocytes under obesity-associated metabolic conditions compared with normal physiology. The newly identified resistin receptor, CAP1, was expressed across a large panel of breast cancer cell lines and primary breast tumors. CAP1 was associated with poor tumor characteristics with higher CAP1 expression among estrogen receptor (ER)-negative tumors, relative to ER-positive tumors (P = 0.025), and higher histological grades (P = 0.016). High CAP1 tumor expression was associated with shorter overall survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HRadj] 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-2.13) and relapse-free survival (HRadj 1.47; 95% CI, 1.10-1.96), compared with low or intermediate CAP1 expression, particularly among ER-positive tumors or lymph node positive tumors. Together, these translational data demonstrate that the adipocyte secretome promote breast cancer cell proliferation and motility and highlight a potential role of CAP1 regarding breast cancer outcome-results that warrant further investigation to elucidate the obesity-breast cancer link in human pathology.</p>},
  author       = {Rosendahl, Ann H and Bergqvist, Malin and Lettiero, Barbara and Kimbung, Siker and Borgquist, Signe},
  issn         = {1664-2392},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Endocrinology},
  title        = {Adipocytes and Obesity-Related Conditions Jointly Promote Breast Cancer Cell Growth and Motility : Associations With CAP1 for Prognosis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00689},
  doi          = {10.3389/fendo.2018.00689},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2018},
}