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On the modelling of the dynamic propagation of biological components in the secondary clarifier

Jeppsson, Ulf LU and Diehl, Stefan LU (1996) In Water Science and Technology 34(5). p.85-92
Abstract
When coupling a model of the biological reactor to a model of the settler, difficulties appear because of the different representations used for the particulate material. A combined model of the entire activated sludge process needs to include an algorithm for the dynamic propagation of the biological components of the particulate material through the secondary clarifier. In particular, this is of importance for an accurate description of the sludge that is recycled to the biological reactor. Two one-dimensional algorithms have been evaluated by means of numerical simulations. The first algorithm investigated is the one by Otterpohl and Freund in 1992 and some inherent problems of this method are discussed. For example, it will produce... (More)
When coupling a model of the biological reactor to a model of the settler, difficulties appear because of the different representations used for the particulate material. A combined model of the entire activated sludge process needs to include an algorithm for the dynamic propagation of the biological components of the particulate material through the secondary clarifier. In particular, this is of importance for an accurate description of the sludge that is recycled to the biological reactor. Two one-dimensional algorithms have been evaluated by means of numerical simulations. The first algorithm investigated is the one by Otterpohl and Freund in 1992 and some inherent problems of this method are discussed. For example, it will produce oscillating solutions as the number of layers in the settler model increases. Therefore, an alternative algorithm is proposed. It is based on a percentage vector that describes the different particulate biological components as fractions of the total suspended solids concentration. The vector is updated for every layer in the settler model by a robust numerical method. The algorithm is derived analytically, is computationally efficient and does not exhibit any oscillatory behaviour. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
thickening, suspended solids, solids flux, simulation, secondary clarifier, one-dimensional model, mathematical modelling, clarification, Activated sludge
in
Water Science and Technology
volume
34
issue
5
pages
85 - 92
publisher
IWA Publishing
external identifiers
  • scopus:0029957161
ISSN
0273-1223
DOI
10.1016/0273-1223(96)00632-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7d349123-3a6f-4578-b4e7-2c57a121405c (old id 792891)
alternative location
http://www.iwaponline.com/wst/03405/0085/034050085.pdf
date added to LUP
2008-02-04 16:58:05
date last changed
2017-06-18 04:34:49
@article{7d349123-3a6f-4578-b4e7-2c57a121405c,
  abstract     = {When coupling a model of the biological reactor to a model of the settler, difficulties appear because of the different representations used for the particulate material. A combined model of the entire activated sludge process needs to include an algorithm for the dynamic propagation of the biological components of the particulate material through the secondary clarifier. In particular, this is of importance for an accurate description of the sludge that is recycled to the biological reactor. Two one-dimensional algorithms have been evaluated by means of numerical simulations. The first algorithm investigated is the one by Otterpohl and Freund in 1992 and some inherent problems of this method are discussed. For example, it will produce oscillating solutions as the number of layers in the settler model increases. Therefore, an alternative algorithm is proposed. It is based on a percentage vector that describes the different particulate biological components as fractions of the total suspended solids concentration. The vector is updated for every layer in the settler model by a robust numerical method. The algorithm is derived analytically, is computationally efficient and does not exhibit any oscillatory behaviour.},
  author       = {Jeppsson, Ulf and Diehl, Stefan},
  issn         = {0273-1223},
  keyword      = {thickening,suspended solids,solids flux,simulation,secondary clarifier,one-dimensional model,mathematical modelling,clarification,Activated sludge},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {85--92},
  publisher    = {IWA Publishing},
  series       = {Water Science and Technology},
  title        = {On the modelling of the dynamic propagation of biological components in the secondary clarifier},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0273-1223(96)00632-4},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {1996},
}