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Learning and Timing of voluntary blink responses match eyeblink conditioning

Rasmussen, Anders LU and Jirenhed, Dan-Anders LU (2017) In Scientific Reports 7(1).
Abstract
Can humans produce well-timed blink responses to a neutral stimulus voluntarily, without receiving any blink-eliciting, unconditional, stimulus? And if they can, to what degree does classical eyeblink conditioning depend on volition? Here we show that voluntary blink responses learned in two paradigms that did not involve any unconditional blink-eliciting stimuli, display timing that is as good, or better than, the timing of blink responses learned in a standard eyeblink conditioning paradigm. The exceptional timing accuracy likely stems from the fact that, in contrast to previous studies, we challenged our participants to blink in a timed manner, and not merely to blink so as to avoid the corneal air puff. These results reveal a... (More)
Can humans produce well-timed blink responses to a neutral stimulus voluntarily, without receiving any blink-eliciting, unconditional, stimulus? And if they can, to what degree does classical eyeblink conditioning depend on volition? Here we show that voluntary blink responses learned in two paradigms that did not involve any unconditional blink-eliciting stimuli, display timing that is as good, or better than, the timing of blink responses learned in a standard eyeblink conditioning paradigm. The exceptional timing accuracy likely stems from the fact that, in contrast to previous studies, we challenged our participants to blink in a timed manner, and not merely to blink so as to avoid the corneal air puff. These results reveal a remarkable level of voluntary control over a simple movement, and they challenge the view that learning during eyeblink conditioning is necessarily automatic and involuntary. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scientific Reports
volume
7
issue
1
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:85020923709
  • wos:000403140000075
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-03343-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
794774e5-92ea-4599-b74f-4f41c56a6d27
date added to LUP
2017-06-27 08:24:36
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:42:55
@article{794774e5-92ea-4599-b74f-4f41c56a6d27,
  abstract     = {Can humans produce well-timed blink responses to a neutral stimulus voluntarily, without receiving any blink-eliciting, unconditional, stimulus? And if they can, to what degree does classical eyeblink conditioning depend on volition? Here we show that voluntary blink responses learned in two paradigms that did not involve any unconditional blink-eliciting stimuli, display timing that is as good, or better than, the timing of blink responses learned in a standard eyeblink conditioning paradigm. The exceptional timing accuracy likely stems from the fact that, in contrast to previous studies, we challenged our participants to blink in a timed manner, and not merely to blink so as to avoid the corneal air puff. These results reveal a remarkable level of voluntary control over a simple movement, and they challenge the view that learning during eyeblink conditioning is necessarily automatic and involuntary.},
  articleno    = {3404},
  author       = {Rasmussen, Anders and Jirenhed, Dan-Anders},
  issn         = {2045-2322},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Scientific Reports},
  title        = {Learning and Timing of voluntary blink responses match eyeblink conditioning},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-03343-2},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2017},
}