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Redifining teaching - An activity theoretical study of school practice in Sweden

Eriksson, Inger and Jedemark, Marie LU (2005) First ISCAR Conference
Abstract
The issue of this presentation is how teachers in the Swedish compulsory school have redefined their jobs as a result of new demands that have emerged during the restructuring in the 1990’s. Earlier, the teachers defined their jobs in terms of good teaching, e.g. transforming the subject matter in order to make it accessible. By using activity theory as a perspective for analysing qualitative data, we can see that the commission is now understood to be striving for all students to achieve the grade ‘passed’. This means that teachers try to transform students’ willingness or/and responsibility to do their tasks. This redefined object is planned and carried through by individual forms of teaching methods and by individual trajectories of... (More)
The issue of this presentation is how teachers in the Swedish compulsory school have redefined their jobs as a result of new demands that have emerged during the restructuring in the 1990’s. Earlier, the teachers defined their jobs in terms of good teaching, e.g. transforming the subject matter in order to make it accessible. By using activity theory as a perspective for analysing qualitative data, we can see that the commission is now understood to be striving for all students to achieve the grade ‘passed’. This means that teachers try to transform students’ willingness or/and responsibility to do their tasks. This redefined object is planned and carried through by individual forms of teaching methods and by individual trajectories of schooling. What can explain that the object has changed? What are the impacts of the new steering system, new curriculum, new assessment system, the increased emphasis on accountability and marketization and so on? In many cases teachers are described as unwilling to change their practices. By using activity theory, however, it is possible to argue for an interpretation that teachers are eager to both fulfil their commission and to change their practices. The presentation is based upon the results of a longitudinal study of four schools participating during a probation period, initiated by the Swedish government. Schools in this project worked work without the national timetable. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
keywords
decentralized teaching, student´s own work, self-regulted practice, division of labour
pages
7 pages
conference name
First ISCAR Conference
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4b1d1143-5f50-4ccf-8a3e-640f4dd65356 (old id 795829)
date added to LUP
2008-02-07 14:42:13
date last changed
2016-08-16 15:24:37
@misc{4b1d1143-5f50-4ccf-8a3e-640f4dd65356,
  abstract     = {The issue of this presentation is how teachers in the Swedish compulsory school have redefined their jobs as a result of new demands that have emerged during the restructuring in the 1990’s. Earlier, the teachers defined their jobs in terms of good teaching, e.g. transforming the subject matter in order to make it accessible. By using activity theory as a perspective for analysing qualitative data, we can see that the commission is now understood to be striving for all students to achieve the grade ‘passed’. This means that teachers try to transform students’ willingness or/and responsibility to do their tasks. This redefined object is planned and carried through by individual forms of teaching methods and by individual trajectories of schooling. What can explain that the object has changed? What are the impacts of the new steering system, new curriculum, new assessment system, the increased emphasis on accountability and marketization and so on? In many cases teachers are described as unwilling to change their practices. By using activity theory, however, it is possible to argue for an interpretation that teachers are eager to both fulfil their commission and to change their practices. The presentation is based upon the results of a longitudinal study of four schools participating during a probation period, initiated by the Swedish government. Schools in this project worked work without the national timetable.},
  author       = {Eriksson, Inger and Jedemark, Marie},
  keyword      = {decentralized teaching,student´s own work,self-regulted practice,division of labour},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {7},
  title        = {Redifining teaching - An activity theoretical study of school practice in Sweden},
  year         = {2005},
}