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Describing patterns of daily occupations - A methodological study comparing data from four different methods.

Erlandsson, Lena-Karin LU and Eklund, Mona LU (2001) In Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy 8(1). p.31-39
Abstract
The importance of patterns of daily occupations to health has been emphasised ever since occupational

therapy was founded, but little is known about this relationship. The aim of this study was to describe in

detail one woman’s pattern of daily occupations as an initial step in developing strategies for further studies

of patterns of daily occupations. Four different methods were used, one on each of four days. Three types

of occupations were discerned; main occupations, hidden occupations, and unexpected occupations, which

intertwined and formed an occupational pattern. The occupations were, in turn, composed of actions. Using

the diary method gave an overall picture of main... (More)
The importance of patterns of daily occupations to health has been emphasised ever since occupational

therapy was founded, but little is known about this relationship. The aim of this study was to describe in

detail one woman’s pattern of daily occupations as an initial step in developing strategies for further studies

of patterns of daily occupations. Four different methods were used, one on each of four days. Three types

of occupations were discerned; main occupations, hidden occupations, and unexpected occupations, which

intertwined and formed an occupational pattern. The occupations were, in turn, composed of actions. Using

the diary method gave an overall picture of main occupations during a whole day. Direct observation and

video-recorded observation added additional information about the actions that were the building blocks of

the occupations, as well as about hidden and unexpected occupations. The fourth method, a variant of the

experience sampling method, gave deeper knowledge about the informant’s reflections when performing an

occupation. It was assumed that a detailed description of patterns of occupation is needed to understand its

relationship to health. Therefore, if the diary method is used, it has to be combined with a subsequent

interview. Direct observation was the single method that best captured the complexity of the pattern of daily

occupations as captured in this study. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
occupational categories, occupational patterns, daily occupation
in
Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
volume
8
issue
1
pages
31 - 39
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:0034959085
ISSN
1651-2014
DOI
10.1080/11038120120035
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bf1b4e0a-544b-4d15-a880-2d8698fb7023 (old id 798452)
date added to LUP
2008-01-07 12:52:20
date last changed
2018-10-21 04:18:40
@article{bf1b4e0a-544b-4d15-a880-2d8698fb7023,
  abstract     = {The importance of patterns of daily occupations to health has been emphasised ever since occupational<br/><br>
therapy was founded, but little is known about this relationship. The aim of this study was to describe in<br/><br>
detail one woman’s pattern of daily occupations as an initial step in developing strategies for further studies<br/><br>
of patterns of daily occupations. Four different methods were used, one on each of four days. Three types<br/><br>
of occupations were discerned; main occupations, hidden occupations, and unexpected occupations, which<br/><br>
intertwined and formed an occupational pattern. The occupations were, in turn, composed of actions. Using<br/><br>
the diary method gave an overall picture of main occupations during a whole day. Direct observation and<br/><br>
video-recorded observation added additional information about the actions that were the building blocks of<br/><br>
the occupations, as well as about hidden and unexpected occupations. The fourth method, a variant of the<br/><br>
experience sampling method, gave deeper knowledge about the informant’s reflections when performing an<br/><br>
occupation. It was assumed that a detailed description of patterns of occupation is needed to understand its<br/><br>
relationship to health. Therefore, if the diary method is used, it has to be combined with a subsequent<br/><br>
interview. Direct observation was the single method that best captured the complexity of the pattern of daily<br/><br>
occupations as captured in this study.},
  author       = {Erlandsson, Lena-Karin and Eklund, Mona},
  issn         = {1651-2014},
  keyword      = {occupational
categories,occupational patterns,daily occupation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {31--39},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  title        = {Describing patterns of daily occupations - A methodological study comparing data from four different methods.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11038120120035},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2001},
}