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The Danish Agricultural Revolution in an Energy Perspective : a case of development with few energy resources

Henriques, Sofia LU and Sharp, Paul (2016) In Economic History Review 69(3). p.844-869
Abstract
We examine the case of Denmark - a country which historically had next to no domestic energy resources - for which we present new historical energy accounts for the years 1800-1913. We demonstrate that Denmark’s take off at the end of the nineteenth century was relatively energy dependent. We relate this to her well-known agricultural transformation and development through the dairy industry, and thus complement the literature which argues that expensive energy hindered industrialization, by arguing that similar obstacles would have precluded other countries from a more agriculture-based growth. The Danish cooperative creameries, which spread throughout the country over the last two decades of the nineteenth century, were dependent on... (More)
We examine the case of Denmark - a country which historically had next to no domestic energy resources - for which we present new historical energy accounts for the years 1800-1913. We demonstrate that Denmark’s take off at the end of the nineteenth century was relatively energy dependent. We relate this to her well-known agricultural transformation and development through the dairy industry, and thus complement the literature which argues that expensive energy hindered industrialization, by arguing that similar obstacles would have precluded other countries from a more agriculture-based growth. The Danish cooperative creameries, which spread throughout the country over the last two decades of the nineteenth century, were dependent on coal. Although Denmark had next to no domestic coal deposits, we demonstrate that her geography allowed cheap availability throughout the country through imports. On top of this we emphasize that another important source of energy was imported feed for the cows. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Coal, Denmark, energy transition, agriculture
in
Economic History Review
volume
69
issue
3
pages
26 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:84978496059
  • wos:000384828800005
ISSN
1468-0289
DOI
10.1111/ehr.12236
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
85e63801-8d29-46e0-ab2c-d536b3f3de7d (old id 7989846)
date added to LUP
2015-09-24 11:11:28
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:28:53
@article{85e63801-8d29-46e0-ab2c-d536b3f3de7d,
  abstract     = {We examine the case of Denmark - a country which historically had next to no domestic energy resources - for which we present new historical energy accounts for the years 1800-1913. We demonstrate that Denmark’s take off at the end of the nineteenth century was relatively energy dependent. We relate this to her well-known agricultural transformation and development through the dairy industry, and thus complement the literature which argues that expensive energy hindered industrialization, by arguing that similar obstacles would have precluded other countries from a more agriculture-based growth. The Danish cooperative creameries, which spread throughout the country over the last two decades of the nineteenth century, were dependent on coal. Although Denmark had next to no domestic coal deposits, we demonstrate that her geography allowed cheap availability throughout the country through imports. On top of this we emphasize that another important source of energy was imported feed for the cows.},
  author       = {Henriques, Sofia and Sharp, Paul},
  issn         = {1468-0289},
  keyword      = {Coal,Denmark,energy transition,agriculture},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {844--869},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Economic History Review},
  title        = {The Danish Agricultural Revolution in an Energy Perspective : a case of development with few energy resources},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ehr.12236},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2016},
}