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Targeting human fear of large carnivores — Many ideas but few known effects

Johansson, Maria LU ; Ferreira, Ines LU ; Støen, Ole-Gunnar ; Frank, Jens and Flykt, Anders (2016) In Biological Conservation 201. p.261-269
Abstract
This paper reviews the peer-reviewed scientific literature on interventions aimed to reduce human fear of large carnivores in human-large carnivore conflicts. Based on psychological theories, a wide definition of fear was adopted, including fear as an emotion, as a perception and as an attitude. Four major categories of interventions were identified: information and education, exposure to animal and habitat, collaboration and participation, and financial incentives. Each of these categories may have a potential to reduce fear responses. The scientific literature on the effect of interventions addressing human fear of large carnivores is scarce and partly contradictory, which makes it difficult for wildlife managers to rely on current... (More)
This paper reviews the peer-reviewed scientific literature on interventions aimed to reduce human fear of large carnivores in human-large carnivore conflicts. Based on psychological theories, a wide definition of fear was adopted, including fear as an emotion, as a perception and as an attitude. Four major categories of interventions were identified: information and education, exposure to animal and habitat, collaboration and participation, and financial incentives. Each of these categories may have a potential to reduce fear responses. The scientific literature on the effect of interventions addressing human fear of large carnivores is scarce and partly contradictory, which makes it difficult for wildlife managers to rely on current research when designing appropriate interventions. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Large carnivores, Human fear, Intervention, Literature review
in
Biological Conservation
volume
201
pages
8 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84979076067
  • wos:000384782800029
ISSN
0006-3207
DOI
10.1016/j.biocon.2016.07.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7b1d6395-da86-4a5e-822c-e2830dd2228c
date added to LUP
2016-10-19 11:15:41
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:32:01
@article{7b1d6395-da86-4a5e-822c-e2830dd2228c,
  abstract     = {This paper reviews the peer-reviewed scientific literature on interventions aimed to reduce human fear of large carnivores in human-large carnivore conflicts. Based on psychological theories, a wide definition of fear was adopted, including fear as an emotion, as a perception and as an attitude. Four major categories of interventions were identified: information and education, exposure to animal and habitat, collaboration and participation, and financial incentives. Each of these categories may have a potential to reduce fear responses. The scientific literature on the effect of interventions addressing human fear of large carnivores is scarce and partly contradictory, which makes it difficult for wildlife managers to rely on current research when designing appropriate interventions.},
  author       = {Johansson, Maria and Ferreira, Ines and Støen, Ole-Gunnar  and Frank, Jens  and  Flykt, Anders},
  issn         = {0006-3207},
  keyword      = {Large carnivores, Human fear, Intervention,Literature review},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {261--269},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biological Conservation},
  title        = {Targeting human fear of large carnivores — Many ideas but few known effects},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.07.010},
  volume       = {201},
  year         = {2016},
}