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An independent evaluation of a new method for automated interpretation of lung scintigrams using artificial neural networks

Holst, Holger LU ; Måre, Klas; Järund, Andreas; Åström, Karl LU ; Evander, Eva LU ; Tägil, Kristina LU ; Ohlsson, Mattias LU and Edenbrandt, Lars LU (2001) In European Journal Of Nuclear Medicine 28(1). p.33-38
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new automated method for the interpretation of lung perfusion scintigrams using patients from a hospital other than that where the method was developed, and then to compare the performance of the technique against that of experienced physicians. A total of 1,087 scintigrams from patients with suspected pulmonary embolism comprised the training group. The test group consisted of scintigrams from 140 patients collected in a hospital different to that from which the training group had been drawn. An artificial neural network was trained using 18 automatically obtained features from each set of perfusion scintigrams. The image processing techniques included alignment to templates, construction of... (More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new automated method for the interpretation of lung perfusion scintigrams using patients from a hospital other than that where the method was developed, and then to compare the performance of the technique against that of experienced physicians. A total of 1,087 scintigrams from patients with suspected pulmonary embolism comprised the training group. The test group consisted of scintigrams from 140 patients collected in a hospital different to that from which the training group had been drawn. An artificial neural network was trained using 18 automatically obtained features from each set of perfusion scintigrams. The image processing techniques included alignment to templates, construction of quotient images based on the perfusion/template images, and finally calculation of features describing segmental perfusion defects in the quotient images. The templates represented lungs of normal size and shape without any pathological changes. The performance of the neural network was compared with that of three experienced physicians who read the same test scintigrams according to the modified PIOPED criteria using, in addition to perfusion images, ventilation images when available and chest radiographs for all patients. Performances were measured as area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. The performance of the neural network evaluated in the test group was 0.88 (95% confidence limits 0.81–0.94). The performance of the three experienced experts was in the range 0.87–0.93 when using the perfusion images, chest radiographs and ventilation images when available. Perfusion scintigrams can be interpreted regarding the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism by the use of an automated method also in a hospital other than that where it was developed. The performance of this method is similar to that of experienced physicians even though the physicians, in addition to perfusion images, also had access to ventilation images for most patients and chest radiographs for all patients. These results show the high potential for the method as a clinical decision support system. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
computer-assisted Diagnosis, Neural networks, Radionucleotide imaging , Pulmonary embolism, Image Processing (Computer-Assisted)
in
European Journal Of Nuclear Medicine
volume
28
issue
1
pages
33 - 38
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:0035143764
ISSN
0340-6997
DOI
10.1007/s002590000409
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7e0e725a-4035-44cb-b3c1-76a022427aa7
date added to LUP
2017-03-21 11:09:08
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:56:31
@article{7e0e725a-4035-44cb-b3c1-76a022427aa7,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new automated method for the interpretation of lung perfusion scintigrams using patients from a hospital other than that where the method was developed, and then to compare the performance of the technique against that of experienced physicians. A total of 1,087 scintigrams from patients with suspected pulmonary embolism comprised the training group. The test group consisted of scintigrams from 140 patients collected in a hospital different to that from which the training group had been drawn. An artificial neural network was trained using 18 automatically obtained features from each set of perfusion scintigrams. The image processing techniques included alignment to templates, construction of quotient images based on the perfusion/template images, and finally calculation of features describing segmental perfusion defects in the quotient images. The templates represented lungs of normal size and shape without any pathological changes. The performance of the neural network was compared with that of three experienced physicians who read the same test scintigrams according to the modified PIOPED criteria using, in addition to perfusion images, ventilation images when available and chest radiographs for all patients. Performances were measured as area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. The performance of the neural network evaluated in the test group was 0.88 (95% confidence limits 0.81–0.94). The performance of the three experienced experts was in the range 0.87–0.93 when using the perfusion images, chest radiographs and ventilation images when available. Perfusion scintigrams can be interpreted regarding the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism by the use of an automated method also in a hospital other than that where it was developed. The performance of this method is similar to that of experienced physicians even though the physicians, in addition to perfusion images, also had access to ventilation images for most patients and chest radiographs for all patients. These results show the high potential for the method as a clinical decision support system.},
  author       = {Holst, Holger and Måre, Klas and Järund, Andreas and Åström, Karl and Evander, Eva and Tägil, Kristina and Ohlsson, Mattias and Edenbrandt, Lars},
  issn         = {0340-6997},
  keyword      = {computer-assisted Diagnosis,Neural networks,Radionucleotide imaging ,Pulmonary embolism,Image Processing (Computer-Assisted)},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {33--38},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal Of Nuclear Medicine},
  title        = {An independent evaluation of a new method for automated interpretation of lung scintigrams using artificial neural networks},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002590000409},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2001},
}