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Causes of Regional Change—Land Cover

Gaillard, Marie-José; Kleinen, Thomas; Samuelsson, Patrick; Nielsen, Anne Birgitte LU ; Bergh, Johan; Kaplan, Jed LU ; Poska, Anneli LU ; Sandström, Camilla; Strandberg, Gustav and Trondman, Anna-Kari, et al. (2015) p.453-477
Abstract
Anthropogenic land-cover change (ALCC) is one of the few climate forcings for which the net direction of the climate response over the last two centuries is still not known. The uncertainty is due to the often counteracting temperature responses to the many biogeophysical effects and to the biogeochemical versus biogeophysical effects. Palaeoecological studies show that the major transformation of the landscape by anthropogenic activities in the southern zone of the Baltic Sea basin occurred between 6000 and 3000/2500 cal year BP. The only modelling study of the biogeophysical effects of past ALCCs on regional climate in north-western Europe suggests that deforestation between 6000 and 200 cal year BP may have caused significant change in... (More)
Anthropogenic land-cover change (ALCC) is one of the few climate forcings for which the net direction of the climate response over the last two centuries is still not known. The uncertainty is due to the often counteracting temperature responses to the many biogeophysical effects and to the biogeochemical versus biogeophysical effects. Palaeoecological studies show that the major transformation of the landscape by anthropogenic activities in the southern zone of the Baltic Sea basin occurred between 6000 and 3000/2500 cal year BP. The only modelling study of the biogeophysical effects of past ALCCs on regional climate in north-western Europe suggests that deforestation between 6000 and 200 cal year BP may have caused significant change in winter and summer temperature. There is no indication that deforestation in the Baltic Sea area since AD 1850 would have been a major cause of the recent climate warming in the region through a positive biogeochemical feedback. Several model studies suggest that boreal reforestationReforestationmight not be an effective climate warming mitigation tool as it might lead to increased warming through biogeophysical processes. (Less)
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organization
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Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
host publication
Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin
editor
Team, The BACC II Author and
pages
25 pages
publisher
Springer
ISBN
978-3-319-16006-1
978-3-319-16006-1
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_25
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7e145380-0a31-486c-85b4-c0a740e08c69
date added to LUP
2019-06-19 10:51:42
date last changed
2019-09-27 13:08:14
@inbook{7e145380-0a31-486c-85b4-c0a740e08c69,
  abstract     = {Anthropogenic land-cover change (ALCC) is one of the few climate forcings for which the net direction of the climate response over the last two centuries is still not known. The uncertainty is due to the often counteracting temperature responses to the many biogeophysical effects and to the biogeochemical versus biogeophysical effects. Palaeoecological studies show that the major transformation of the landscape by anthropogenic activities in the southern zone of the Baltic Sea basin occurred between 6000 and 3000/2500 cal year BP. The only modelling study of the biogeophysical effects of past ALCCs on regional climate in north-western Europe suggests that deforestation between 6000 and 200 cal year BP may have caused significant change in winter and summer temperature. There is no indication that deforestation in the Baltic Sea area since AD 1850 would have been a major cause of the recent climate warming in the region through a positive biogeochemical feedback. Several model studies suggest that boreal reforestationReforestationmight not be an effective climate warming mitigation tool as it might lead to increased warming through biogeophysical processes.},
  author       = {Gaillard, Marie-José and Kleinen, Thomas and Samuelsson, Patrick and Nielsen, Anne Birgitte and Bergh, Johan and Kaplan, Jed and Poska, Anneli and Sandström, Camilla and Strandberg, Gustav and Trondman, Anna-Kari and Wramneby, Anna},
  editor       = {Team, The BACC II Author},
  isbn         = {978-3-319-16006-1},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {453--477},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Causes of Regional Change—Land Cover},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_25},
  year         = {2015},
}