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The future of future-oriented cognition in non-humans : theory and the empirical case of the great apes

Osvath, Mathias LU and Martin-Ordas, Gema (2014) In Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences 369(1655).
Abstract
One of the most contested areas in the field of animal cognition is non-human future-oriented cognition. We critically examine key underlying assumptions in the debate, which is mainly preoccupied with certain dichotomous positions, the most prevalent being whether or not ‘real’ future orientation is uniquely human. We argue that future orientation is a theoretical construct threatening to lead research astray. Cognitive operations occur in the present moment and can be influenced only by prior causation and the environment, at the same time that most appear directed towards future outcomes. Regarding the current debate, future orientation becomes a question of where on various continua cog- nition becomes ‘truly’ future-oriented. We... (More)
One of the most contested areas in the field of animal cognition is non-human future-oriented cognition. We critically examine key underlying assumptions in the debate, which is mainly preoccupied with certain dichotomous positions, the most prevalent being whether or not ‘real’ future orientation is uniquely human. We argue that future orientation is a theoretical construct threatening to lead research astray. Cognitive operations occur in the present moment and can be influenced only by prior causation and the environment, at the same time that most appear directed towards future outcomes. Regarding the current debate, future orientation becomes a question of where on various continua cog- nition becomes ‘truly’ future-oriented. We question both the assumption that episodic cognition is the most important process in future-oriented cognition and the assumption that future-oriented cognition is uniquely human. We review the studies on future-oriented cognition in the great apes to find little doubt that our closest relatives possess such ability. We conclude by urging that future-oriented cognition not be viewed as expression of some select set of skills. Instead, research into future-oriented cognition should be approached more like research into social and physical cognition. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
mental time travel, episodic memories, episodic foresight, animal cognition, primate cognition, animal planning
in
Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences
volume
369
issue
1655
publisher
Royal Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:25267827
  • wos:000342882400018
  • scopus:84907486286
ISSN
1471-2970
DOI
10.1098/rstb.2013.0486
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7ed0ec83-ddea-4a5d-b372-15224f7ba2c1 (old id 4693542)
date added to LUP
2014-10-03 14:26:14
date last changed
2017-08-27 03:19:48
@article{7ed0ec83-ddea-4a5d-b372-15224f7ba2c1,
  abstract     = {One of the most contested areas in the field of animal cognition is non-human future-oriented cognition. We critically examine key underlying assumptions in the debate, which is mainly preoccupied with certain dichotomous positions, the most prevalent being whether or not ‘real’ future orientation is uniquely human. We argue that future orientation is a theoretical construct threatening to lead research astray. Cognitive operations occur in the present moment and can be influenced only by prior causation and the environment, at the same time that most appear directed towards future outcomes. Regarding the current debate, future orientation becomes a question of where on various continua cog- nition becomes ‘truly’ future-oriented. We question both the assumption that episodic cognition is the most important process in future-oriented cognition and the assumption that future-oriented cognition is uniquely human. We review the studies on future-oriented cognition in the great apes to find little doubt that our closest relatives possess such ability. We conclude by urging that future-oriented cognition not be viewed as expression of some select set of skills. Instead, research into future-oriented cognition should be approached more like research into social and physical cognition.},
  articleno    = {20130486},
  author       = {Osvath, Mathias and Martin-Ordas, Gema},
  issn         = {1471-2970},
  keyword      = {mental time travel,episodic memories,episodic foresight,animal cognition,primate cognition,animal planning},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1655},
  publisher    = {Royal Society},
  series       = {Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences},
  title        = {The future of future-oriented cognition in non-humans : theory and the empirical case of the great apes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2013.0486},
  volume       = {369},
  year         = {2014},
}