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Differences in the justification of choices in moral dilemmas: Effects of gender, time pressure and dilemma seriousness

Björklund, Fredrik LU (2003) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 44(5). p.459-466
Abstract
The effects on moral reasoning of gender, time pressure and seriousness of the issue at hand were investigated. In Experiment 1, 72 university students were presented with moral dilemmas and asked what actions the actors involved should take and to justify this. Women were found to be more care-oriented in their reasoning than men, supporting Gilligan’s (1982) moral judgment model. Both time pressure and consideration of non-serious as opposed to serious moral dilemmas led to an increase in a justice orientation as compared to a care orientation in moral judgments. In Experiment 2, a similar task was given to 80 persons of mixed age and profession, and the participants’ moral reasoning was coded in terms of its being either duty-orientated... (More)
The effects on moral reasoning of gender, time pressure and seriousness of the issue at hand were investigated. In Experiment 1, 72 university students were presented with moral dilemmas and asked what actions the actors involved should take and to justify this. Women were found to be more care-oriented in their reasoning than men, supporting Gilligan’s (1982) moral judgment model. Both time pressure and consideration of non-serious as opposed to serious moral dilemmas led to an increase in a justice orientation as compared to a care orientation in moral judgments. In Experiment 2, a similar task was given to 80 persons of mixed age and profession, and the participants’ moral reasoning was coded in terms of its being either duty-orientated (duty, obligations, rights) or consequence-oriented (effects on others). Men were found to be more duty-oriented than women, and time pressure to lead to a greater incidence of duty orientation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Morality, care, justice, time pressure
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
44
issue
5
pages
459 - 466
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000187043100008
  • pmid:15030112
  • scopus:0348217841
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1046/j.1467-9450.2003.00367.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f17b0d54-0299-40b2-96eb-937521666c47 (old id 805815)
date added to LUP
2008-01-14 14:57:54
date last changed
2017-07-09 04:31:38
@article{f17b0d54-0299-40b2-96eb-937521666c47,
  abstract     = {The effects on moral reasoning of gender, time pressure and seriousness of the issue at hand were investigated. In Experiment 1, 72 university students were presented with moral dilemmas and asked what actions the actors involved should take and to justify this. Women were found to be more care-oriented in their reasoning than men, supporting Gilligan’s (1982) moral judgment model. Both time pressure and consideration of non-serious as opposed to serious moral dilemmas led to an increase in a justice orientation as compared to a care orientation in moral judgments. In Experiment 2, a similar task was given to 80 persons of mixed age and profession, and the participants’ moral reasoning was coded in terms of its being either duty-orientated (duty, obligations, rights) or consequence-oriented (effects on others). Men were found to be more duty-oriented than women, and time pressure to lead to a greater incidence of duty orientation.},
  author       = {Björklund, Fredrik},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  keyword      = {Morality,care,justice,time pressure},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {459--466},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Differences in the justification of choices in moral dilemmas: Effects of gender, time pressure and dilemma seriousness},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1467-9450.2003.00367.x},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2003},
}