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Stroop effects for masked threat words: Preattentive bias or selective awareness?

Wikström, J; Lundh, Lars-Gunnar LU and Westerlund, J (2003) In Cognition & Emotion 17(6). p.827-842
Abstract
The single-trial emotional Stroop effect for masked threat words, and its association with anxiety, anger, and depression was studied in a group of men (n = 24) and women (n = 24) while controlling for possible differential thresholds for threat words vs. neutral words. Stroop interference for masked threat words was found to correlate with trait anxiety, and the effect could not be explained by any differences in thresholds due to valence, neither at a subjective (conscious identification task) nor at an objective (lexical decision task) level of awareness. Jacoby’s exclusion task was explored as an alternative measure of conscious awareness, and the results corroborated the conclusion that the Stroop effect for masked threat words was... (More)
The single-trial emotional Stroop effect for masked threat words, and its association with anxiety, anger, and depression was studied in a group of men (n = 24) and women (n = 24) while controlling for possible differential thresholds for threat words vs. neutral words. Stroop interference for masked threat words was found to correlate with trait anxiety, and the effect could not be explained by any differences in thresholds due to valence, neither at a subjective (conscious identification task) nor at an objective (lexical decision task) level of awareness. Jacoby’s exclusion task was explored as an alternative measure of conscious awareness, and the results corroborated the conclusion that the Stroop effect for masked threat words was the result of preattentive processes. Unexpectedly, however, the correlation between Stroop interference for masked threat words and trait anxiety was found only among the men. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Cognition & Emotion
volume
17
issue
6
pages
827 - 842
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:0242301107
ISSN
0269-9931
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1a7dd86a-a938-4851-a5e5-addf22bbedd3 (old id 807019)
date added to LUP
2008-01-30 17:51:50
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:49:03
@article{1a7dd86a-a938-4851-a5e5-addf22bbedd3,
  abstract     = {The single-trial emotional Stroop effect for masked threat words, and its association with anxiety, anger, and depression was studied in a group of men (n = 24) and women (n = 24) while controlling for possible differential thresholds for threat words vs. neutral words. Stroop interference for masked threat words was found to correlate with trait anxiety, and the effect could not be explained by any differences in thresholds due to valence, neither at a subjective (conscious identification task) nor at an objective (lexical decision task) level of awareness. Jacoby’s exclusion task was explored as an alternative measure of conscious awareness, and the results corroborated the conclusion that the Stroop effect for masked threat words was the result of preattentive processes. Unexpectedly, however, the correlation between Stroop interference for masked threat words and trait anxiety was found only among the men.},
  author       = {Wikström, J and Lundh, Lars-Gunnar and Westerlund, J},
  issn         = {0269-9931},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {827--842},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Cognition & Emotion},
  title        = {Stroop effects for masked threat words: Preattentive bias or selective awareness?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2003},
}