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Partisanship, Ministers, and Biotechnology Policy

Bäck, Hanna LU ; Debus, Marc and Tosun, Jale (2015) In Review of Policy Research 32(5). p.556-575
Abstract
Research in public policy and political economy has provided many insights in the evolution of public resistance against genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the last two decades. But how does the partisan composition of a government, its programmatic orientation and the allocation of cabinet offices affect policy making in this specific area? We argue that the regulation of GMOs is determined by the ideological orientation of governments and the presence of parties with a specific ideological background in the cabinet. In addition, we hypothesize that the parties' control over relevant cabinet posts matter for GMO regulation. We test our hypotheses by using an innovative dataset that contains information on biotechnology regulation... (More)
Research in public policy and political economy has provided many insights in the evolution of public resistance against genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the last two decades. But how does the partisan composition of a government, its programmatic orientation and the allocation of cabinet offices affect policy making in this specific area? We argue that the regulation of GMOs is determined by the ideological orientation of governments and the presence of parties with a specific ideological background in the cabinet. In addition, we hypothesize that the parties' control over relevant cabinet posts matter for GMO regulation. We test our hypotheses by using an innovative dataset that contains information on biotechnology regulation outputs of European governments in the time period from 1996 until 2013, the partisan composition and policy-area specific positions of governments, and the party affiliation of key cabinet actors. The results show that the presence of a Christian democratic party in a cabinet increases the chances of a ban on biotech crops, in particular if it controls the Ministry of the Environment. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
biotechnology, cabinet portfolios, cultivation bans, European Union, genetically modified organisms, issue saliency, party competition, regulation
in
Review of Policy Research
volume
32
issue
5
pages
556 - 575
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000360766500003
  • scopus:84940975881
ISSN
1541-132X
DOI
10.1111/ropr.12134
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d0f5a6a1-e719-44f6-8801-31983877ad91 (old id 8077595)
date added to LUP
2015-10-26 14:11:35
date last changed
2017-08-20 04:03:01
@article{d0f5a6a1-e719-44f6-8801-31983877ad91,
  abstract     = {Research in public policy and political economy has provided many insights in the evolution of public resistance against genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the last two decades. But how does the partisan composition of a government, its programmatic orientation and the allocation of cabinet offices affect policy making in this specific area? We argue that the regulation of GMOs is determined by the ideological orientation of governments and the presence of parties with a specific ideological background in the cabinet. In addition, we hypothesize that the parties' control over relevant cabinet posts matter for GMO regulation. We test our hypotheses by using an innovative dataset that contains information on biotechnology regulation outputs of European governments in the time period from 1996 until 2013, the partisan composition and policy-area specific positions of governments, and the party affiliation of key cabinet actors. The results show that the presence of a Christian democratic party in a cabinet increases the chances of a ban on biotech crops, in particular if it controls the Ministry of the Environment.},
  author       = {Bäck, Hanna and Debus, Marc and Tosun, Jale},
  issn         = {1541-132X},
  keyword      = {biotechnology,cabinet portfolios,cultivation bans,European Union,genetically modified organisms,issue saliency,party competition,regulation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {556--575},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Review of Policy Research},
  title        = {Partisanship, Ministers, and Biotechnology Policy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ropr.12134},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2015},
}