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Maintaining cognitive function with internet use : A two-country, six-year longitudinal study

Berner, Jessica ; Comijs, Hannie ; Elmståhl, Sölve LU ; Welmer, Anna Karin ; Sanmartin Berglund, Johan ; Anderberg, Peter LU and Deeg, Dorly (2019) In International Psychogeriatrics 31(7). p.929-936
Abstract

Objectives: Maintaining good cognitive function with aging may be aided by technology such as computers, tablets, and their applications. Little research so far has investigated whether internet use helps to maintain cognitive function over time.Design: Two population-based studies with a longitudinal design from 2001/2003 (T1) to 2007/2010 (T2).Setting: Sweden and the Netherlands.Participants: Older adults aged 66 years and above from the Swedish National Study on Ageing and Care (N = 2,564) and from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (N = 683).Measurements: Internet use was self-reported. Using the scores from the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) from T1 and T2, both a difference score and a significant change index was... (More)

Objectives: Maintaining good cognitive function with aging may be aided by technology such as computers, tablets, and their applications. Little research so far has investigated whether internet use helps to maintain cognitive function over time.Design: Two population-based studies with a longitudinal design from 2001/2003 (T1) to 2007/2010 (T2).Setting: Sweden and the Netherlands.Participants: Older adults aged 66 years and above from the Swedish National Study on Ageing and Care (N = 2,564) and from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (N = 683).Measurements: Internet use was self-reported. Using the scores from the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) from T1 and T2, both a difference score and a significant change index was calculated. Linear and logistic regression analysis were performed with difference score and significant change index, respectively, as the dependent variable and internet use as the independent variable, and adjusted for sex, education, age, living situation, and functional limitations. Using a meta-analytic approach, summary coefficients were calculated across both studies.Results: Internet use at baseline was 26.4% in Sweden and 13.3% in the Netherlands. Significant cognitive decline over six years amounted to 9.2% in Sweden and 17.0% in the Netherlands. Considering the difference score, the summary linear regression coefficient for internet use was-0.32 (95% CI:-0.62,-0.02). Considering the significant change index, the summary odds ratio for internet use was 0.54 (95% CI: 0.37, 0.78).Conclusions: The results suggest that internet use might play a role in maintaining cognitive functioning. Further research into the specific activities that older adults are doing on the internet may shine light on this issue.

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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
internet use, longitudinal study, older adults, significant cognitive decline, Sweden, the Netherlands
in
International Psychogeriatrics
volume
31
issue
7
pages
8 pages
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85070472532
ISSN
1041-6102
DOI
10.1017/S1041610219000668
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
81057150-f372-4efe-abca-4a2e83d2c021
date added to LUP
2019-08-27 14:01:10
date last changed
2020-12-29 01:35:33
@article{81057150-f372-4efe-abca-4a2e83d2c021,
  abstract     = {<p>Objectives: Maintaining good cognitive function with aging may be aided by technology such as computers, tablets, and their applications. Little research so far has investigated whether internet use helps to maintain cognitive function over time.Design: Two population-based studies with a longitudinal design from 2001/2003 (T1) to 2007/2010 (T2).Setting: Sweden and the Netherlands.Participants: Older adults aged 66 years and above from the Swedish National Study on Ageing and Care (N = 2,564) and from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (N = 683).Measurements: Internet use was self-reported. Using the scores from the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) from T1 and T2, both a difference score and a significant change index was calculated. Linear and logistic regression analysis were performed with difference score and significant change index, respectively, as the dependent variable and internet use as the independent variable, and adjusted for sex, education, age, living situation, and functional limitations. Using a meta-analytic approach, summary coefficients were calculated across both studies.Results: Internet use at baseline was 26.4% in Sweden and 13.3% in the Netherlands. Significant cognitive decline over six years amounted to 9.2% in Sweden and 17.0% in the Netherlands. Considering the difference score, the summary linear regression coefficient for internet use was-0.32 (95% CI:-0.62,-0.02). Considering the significant change index, the summary odds ratio for internet use was 0.54 (95% CI: 0.37, 0.78).Conclusions: The results suggest that internet use might play a role in maintaining cognitive functioning. Further research into the specific activities that older adults are doing on the internet may shine light on this issue.</p>},
  author       = {Berner, Jessica and Comijs, Hannie and Elmståhl, Sölve and Welmer, Anna Karin and Sanmartin Berglund, Johan and Anderberg, Peter and Deeg, Dorly},
  issn         = {1041-6102},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {929--936},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {International Psychogeriatrics},
  title        = {Maintaining cognitive function with internet use : A two-country, six-year longitudinal study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610219000668},
  doi          = {10.1017/S1041610219000668},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2019},
}