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Antimalarial activity of ruthenium(ii) and osmium(ii) arene complexes with mono- and bidentate chloroquine analogue ligands.

Ekengard, Erik LU ; Glans, Lotta LU ; Cassells, Irwin; Fogeron, Thibault; Govender, Preshendren; Stringer, Tameryn; Chellan, Prinessa; Lisensky, George C; Hersh, William H and Doverbratt, Isa LU , et al. (2015) In Dalton Transactions 44(44). p.19314-19329
Abstract
Eight new ruthenium and five new osmium p-cymene half-sandwich complexes have been synthesized, characterized and evaluated for antimalarial activity. All complexes contain ligands that are based on a 4-chloroquinoline framework related to the antimalarial drug chloroquine. Ligands are salicylaldimine derivatives, where = N-(2-((2-hydroxyphenyl)methylimino)ethyl)-7-chloroquinolin-4-amine, and contain non-hydrogen substituents in the 3-position of the salicylaldimine ring, viz. F, Cl, Br, I, NO2, OMe and (t)Bu for , respectively. Ligand is also a salicylaldimine-containing ligand with substitutions in both 3- and 5-positions of the salicylaldimine moiety, i.e.... (More)
Eight new ruthenium and five new osmium p-cymene half-sandwich complexes have been synthesized, characterized and evaluated for antimalarial activity. All complexes contain ligands that are based on a 4-chloroquinoline framework related to the antimalarial drug chloroquine. Ligands are salicylaldimine derivatives, where = N-(2-((2-hydroxyphenyl)methylimino)ethyl)-7-chloroquinolin-4-amine, and contain non-hydrogen substituents in the 3-position of the salicylaldimine ring, viz. F, Cl, Br, I, NO2, OMe and (t)Bu for , respectively. Ligand is also a salicylaldimine-containing ligand with substitutions in both 3- and 5-positions of the salicylaldimine moiety, i.e. N-(2-((2-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)methyl-imino)ethyl)-7-chloroquinolin-4-amine, while is N-(2-((1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)ethyl)-7-chloroquinolin-4-amine) The half sandwich metal complexes that have been investigated are [Ru(η(6)-cym)()Cl] (Ru--Ru-, cym = p-cymene), [Os(η(6)-cym)()Cl] (Os--Os-, Os-, and Os-), [M(η(6)-cym)()Cl2] (M = Ru, Ru-; M = Os, Os-) and [M(η(6)-cym)()Cl]Cl (M = Ru, Ru-; M = Os, Os-). In complexes Ru--Ru- and Ru-, Os--Os-, Os- and Os- and Os-, the ligands were found to coordinate as bidentate N,O- and N,N-chelates, while in complexes Ru- and Os-, monodentate coordination of the ligands through the quinoline nitrogen was established. The antimalarial activity of the new ligands and complexes was evaluated against chloroquine sensitive (NF54 and D10) and chloroquine resistant (Dd2) Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasite strains. Coordination of ruthenium and osmium arene moieties to the ligands resulted in lower antiplasmodial activities relative to the free ligands, but the resistance index is better for the ruthenium complexes compared to chloroquine. Overall, osmium complexes appeared to be less active than the corresponding ruthenium complexes. (Less)
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Dalton Transactions
volume
44
issue
44
pages
19314 - 19329
publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
external identifiers
  • pmid:26491831
  • wos:000364146400030
  • scopus:84946594557
ISSN
1477-9234
DOI
10.1039/c5dt02410b
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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19688619-0539-4302-8453-2ce2c7ebad9a (old id 8148653)
date added to LUP
2015-11-16 14:24:33
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2017-09-10 03:09:29
@article{19688619-0539-4302-8453-2ce2c7ebad9a,
  abstract     = {Eight new ruthenium and five new osmium p-cymene half-sandwich complexes have been synthesized, characterized and evaluated for antimalarial activity. All complexes contain ligands that are based on a 4-chloroquinoline framework related to the antimalarial drug chloroquine. Ligands are salicylaldimine derivatives, where = N-(2-((2-hydroxyphenyl)methylimino)ethyl)-7-chloroquinolin-4-amine, and contain non-hydrogen substituents in the 3-position of the salicylaldimine ring, viz. F, Cl, Br, I, NO2, OMe and (t)Bu for , respectively. Ligand is also a salicylaldimine-containing ligand with substitutions in both 3- and 5-positions of the salicylaldimine moiety, i.e. N-(2-((2-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)methyl-imino)ethyl)-7-chloroquinolin-4-amine, while is N-(2-((1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)ethyl)-7-chloroquinolin-4-amine) The half sandwich metal complexes that have been investigated are [Ru(η(6)-cym)()Cl] (Ru--Ru-, cym = p-cymene), [Os(η(6)-cym)()Cl] (Os--Os-, Os-, and Os-), [M(η(6)-cym)()Cl2] (M = Ru, Ru-; M = Os, Os-) and [M(η(6)-cym)()Cl]Cl (M = Ru, Ru-; M = Os, Os-). In complexes Ru--Ru- and Ru-, Os--Os-, Os- and Os- and Os-, the ligands were found to coordinate as bidentate N,O- and N,N-chelates, while in complexes Ru- and Os-, monodentate coordination of the ligands through the quinoline nitrogen was established. The antimalarial activity of the new ligands and complexes was evaluated against chloroquine sensitive (NF54 and D10) and chloroquine resistant (Dd2) Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasite strains. Coordination of ruthenium and osmium arene moieties to the ligands resulted in lower antiplasmodial activities relative to the free ligands, but the resistance index is better for the ruthenium complexes compared to chloroquine. Overall, osmium complexes appeared to be less active than the corresponding ruthenium complexes.},
  author       = {Ekengard, Erik and Glans, Lotta and Cassells, Irwin and Fogeron, Thibault and Govender, Preshendren and Stringer, Tameryn and Chellan, Prinessa and Lisensky, George C and Hersh, William H and Doverbratt, Isa and Lidin, Sven and de Kock, Carmen and Smith, Peter J and Smith, Gregory S and Nordlander, Ebbe},
  issn         = {1477-9234},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {44},
  pages        = {19314--19329},
  publisher    = {Royal Society of Chemistry},
  series       = {Dalton Transactions},
  title        = {Antimalarial activity of ruthenium(ii) and osmium(ii) arene complexes with mono- and bidentate chloroquine analogue ligands.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5dt02410b},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2015},
}