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Photography and temperature measurements from a remotely piloted vehicle

Jonsson, I.; Mattsson, Jan LU ; Okla, Lennart LU and Stridsberg, Sven LU (1980) In Oikos 35(1). p.120-125
Abstract
Radio-controlled model planes are useful when carrying out photography, especially from low altitudes, and meteorological soundings (air temperatures in boundary layers). Soundings were carried out with a system which stored the measured data on board the plane pending evaluation after the flight. The payload of the plane was a camera and equipment for measuring temperature and air pressure (altitude). Data were stored so that the signals from the temperature and pressure sensors (thermistor and micro aneroid respectively) lit a combination of light-emitting diodes (BCD code) that corresponded to the actual temperature and pressure (altitude). At the instant of measurement, this combination was photographed togther with the ground surface.... (More)
Radio-controlled model planes are useful when carrying out photography, especially from low altitudes, and meteorological soundings (air temperatures in boundary layers). Soundings were carried out with a system which stored the measured data on board the plane pending evaluation after the flight. The payload of the plane was a camera and equipment for measuring temperature and air pressure (altitude). Data were stored so that the signals from the temperature and pressure sensors (thermistor and micro aneroid respectively) lit a combination of light-emitting diodes (BCD code) that corresponded to the actual temperature and pressure (altitude). At the instant of measurement, this combination was photographed togther with the ground surface. the camera manoeuvred by means of servo-function. The position of the plane at the instant of measurement was determined on the basis of pressure values and air photographs. Photography from model planes is not a new method. However, previous results have in general been inadequate because, for safety's sake, cheap and consequently less advanced cameras were used. The determination of temperature and other soundings from such aircraft has been little tried hitherto. Photography and sounding from model planes can be of interest in ecological, physical-geographical and meteorological contexts. The method lends itself best to a rapid and handy documentation from the air of a water or land area, e.g. a severely polluted area, or a wind-eroded ground surface, or to the sounding or sampling of aif qualities such as pollution in the smoke plumes of stacks and other types of discharge, of radioactivity in the air over leaking plants, of temperature and humidity conditions in urban boundary layers and of eolian dust in the air over wind-exposed erosion surfaces in arid areas. Radio-controlled model planes could possibly also be used for dissemination of e.g. silver iodide in order to artificially release precipitation and for pollination of forest. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Oikos
volume
35
issue
1
pages
120 - 125
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0019150342
ISSN
1600-0706
DOI
10.2307/3544734
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
70b00610-5968-4dff-8609-09be1722f332 (old id 8163993)
date added to LUP
2015-11-09 11:42:57
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:00:12
@article{70b00610-5968-4dff-8609-09be1722f332,
  abstract     = {Radio-controlled model planes are useful when carrying out photography, especially from low altitudes, and meteorological soundings (air temperatures in boundary layers). Soundings were carried out with a system which stored the measured data on board the plane pending evaluation after the flight. The payload of the plane was a camera and equipment for measuring temperature and air pressure (altitude). Data were stored so that the signals from the temperature and pressure sensors (thermistor and micro aneroid respectively) lit a combination of light-emitting diodes (BCD code) that corresponded to the actual temperature and pressure (altitude). At the instant of measurement, this combination was photographed togther with the ground surface. the camera manoeuvred by means of servo-function. The position of the plane at the instant of measurement was determined on the basis of pressure values and air photographs. Photography from model planes is not a new method. However, previous results have in general been inadequate because, for safety's sake, cheap and consequently less advanced cameras were used. The determination of temperature and other soundings from such aircraft has been little tried hitherto. Photography and sounding from model planes can be of interest in ecological, physical-geographical and meteorological contexts. The method lends itself best to a rapid and handy documentation from the air of a water or land area, e.g. a severely polluted area, or a wind-eroded ground surface, or to the sounding or sampling of aif qualities such as pollution in the smoke plumes of stacks and other types of discharge, of radioactivity in the air over leaking plants, of temperature and humidity conditions in urban boundary layers and of eolian dust in the air over wind-exposed erosion surfaces in arid areas. Radio-controlled model planes could possibly also be used for dissemination of e.g. silver iodide in order to artificially release precipitation and for pollination of forest.},
  author       = {Jonsson, I. and Mattsson, Jan and Okla, Lennart and Stridsberg, Sven},
  issn         = {1600-0706},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {120--125},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Oikos},
  title        = {Photography and temperature measurements from a remotely piloted vehicle},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3544734},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {1980},
}