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Transport transitions in Copenhagen: Comparing the cost of cars and bicycles.

Gössling, Stefan LU and Choi, Andy S. (2015) In Ecological Economics 113. p.106-113
Abstract
In many cities of the world, bicycle infrastructure projects are implemented to foster more sustainable transportation systems. However, such projects have often raised questions regarding their public funding, as they entail considerable costs. This paper reviews cost–benefit analysis (CBA) frameworks as these are presently used to assess bicycle infrastructure projects. Specific focus is on the CBA framework developed in Copenhagen, Denmark, a self-declared “city of cyclists”. In this framework, costs and benefits of car and bicycle, the two major urban transport modes, have been assessed and are compared across accidents, climate change, health, and travel time. The analysis reveals that each km travelled by car or bike incurs a cost to... (More)
In many cities of the world, bicycle infrastructure projects are implemented to foster more sustainable transportation systems. However, such projects have often raised questions regarding their public funding, as they entail considerable costs. This paper reviews cost–benefit analysis (CBA) frameworks as these are presently used to assess bicycle infrastructure projects. Specific focus is on the CBA framework developed in Copenhagen, Denmark, a self-declared “city of cyclists”. In this framework, costs and benefits of car and bicycle, the two major urban transport modes, have been assessed and are compared across accidents, climate change, health, and travel time. The analysis reveals that each km travelled by car or bike incurs a cost to society, though the cost of car driving is more than six times higher (Euro 0.50/km) than cycling (Euro 0.08/km). Moreover, while the cost of car driving is likely to increase in the future, the cost of cycling appears to be declining. The paper concludes with a discussion of the applicability of the Copenhagen CBA framework to advance sustainable transport planning and to motivate and justify urban restructuring. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bicycles, Cars, Copenhagen, Cost–benefit analysis, Sustainable transport, Urban transport transition
in
Ecological Economics
volume
113
pages
106 - 113
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84925359035
ISSN
0921-8009
DOI
10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.03.006.
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8ff7f4ce-7ada-4c32-919e-8b73217e9248 (old id 8168368)
date added to LUP
2015-11-11 16:30:56
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:12:13
@article{8ff7f4ce-7ada-4c32-919e-8b73217e9248,
  abstract     = {In many cities of the world, bicycle infrastructure projects are implemented to foster more sustainable transportation systems. However, such projects have often raised questions regarding their public funding, as they entail considerable costs. This paper reviews cost–benefit analysis (CBA) frameworks as these are presently used to assess bicycle infrastructure projects. Specific focus is on the CBA framework developed in Copenhagen, Denmark, a self-declared “city of cyclists”. In this framework, costs and benefits of car and bicycle, the two major urban transport modes, have been assessed and are compared across accidents, climate change, health, and travel time. The analysis reveals that each km travelled by car or bike incurs a cost to society, though the cost of car driving is more than six times higher (Euro 0.50/km) than cycling (Euro 0.08/km). Moreover, while the cost of car driving is likely to increase in the future, the cost of cycling appears to be declining. The paper concludes with a discussion of the applicability of the Copenhagen CBA framework to advance sustainable transport planning and to motivate and justify urban restructuring.},
  author       = {Gössling, Stefan and Choi, Andy S.},
  issn         = {0921-8009},
  keyword      = {Bicycles,Cars,Copenhagen,Cost–benefit analysis,Sustainable transport,Urban transport transition},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {106--113},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Ecological Economics},
  title        = {Transport transitions in Copenhagen: Comparing the cost of cars and bicycles.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.03.006.},
  volume       = {113},
  year         = {2015},
}