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Role of DARPP-32 in Breast Cancer Cell Signalling and Migration

Hansen, Christian LU (2008) In Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series 2008:3.
Abstract
Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. While the prognosis for breast cancer patients without local or distal dissemination is relatively favorable, the prognosis is considerably worse once distal metastasis has been established. It is therefore imperative to identify molecular targets and develop novel anti-metastatic therapies that will stop, reduce or delay the spread and growth of breast cancer metastasis. Low expression of Wnt-5a in a primary breast tumor is associated with shorter recurrence free survival, suggesting that Wnt-5a acts to restrict breast cancer metastasis. Moreover, Wnt-5a is known to inhibit migration of breast epithelial cells in culture and expression of Wnt-5a potentiates activation of the... (More)
Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. While the prognosis for breast cancer patients without local or distal dissemination is relatively favorable, the prognosis is considerably worse once distal metastasis has been established. It is therefore imperative to identify molecular targets and develop novel anti-metastatic therapies that will stop, reduce or delay the spread and growth of breast cancer metastasis. Low expression of Wnt-5a in a primary breast tumor is associated with shorter recurrence free survival, suggesting that Wnt-5a acts to restrict breast cancer metastasis. Moreover, Wnt-5a is known to inhibit migration of breast epithelial cells in culture and expression of Wnt-5a potentiates activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase DDR1, a collagen receptor implicated in cell adhesion and migration.



This thesis describes the identification of DARPP-32 as a novel interactionpartner to DDR1. We demonstrate that DARPP-32 inhibits MCF-7 cell migration and that this effect requires phosphorylation of threonine-34, an event catalyzed by protein kinase A (PKA) and strongly induced by detachment of cells from the culture substrate. DARPP-32 mediated inhibition of migration proved to be dependent on DDR1 expression consolidating a functional relevance of the interaction between DARPP-32 and DDR1. In addition, we found that Wnt-5a could directly trigger a cAMP response that resulted in phosphorylation of DARPP-32 and stimulation with Wnt-5a was nessecary for DARPP-32 mediated inhibition of cell migration in wound healing assay.



The anti-migratory effects of Wnt-5a and DARPP-32 were reduced by dominant negative CREB, which suggests that CREB plays a functional role in this signalling mechanism. Finally, we found that phospho-DARPP-32 inhibited the activity of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, and that MCF-7 cells expressing phospho-DARPP-32 displayed less filopodia formation. These results suggest that DARPP-32 restricts the migration of breast epithelial cells via both a transcription dependent mechanism that involves CREB and a transcription independent mechanism affecting FAK. Pharmacological activation of this pathway may constitute a novel way of limiting breast cancer metastasis. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Dr. Svenningsson, Per, Inst. for Fysiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cell migration, protein phosphatase 1., DARPP-32, breast cancer, protein kinase A
in
Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series
volume
2008:3
pages
104 pages
publisher
Experimental Pathology
defense location
Main lecture hall, Pathology Building, Entrance 78, U-MAS, Malmö
defense date
2008-01-25 09:15
ISSN
1652-8220
ISBN
978-91-85897-59-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3047a223-1cda-4bb1-8f66-b8c09b7e7bfd (old id 818937)
date added to LUP
2008-01-04 12:02:59
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:49
@phdthesis{3047a223-1cda-4bb1-8f66-b8c09b7e7bfd,
  abstract     = {Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. While the prognosis for breast cancer patients without local or distal dissemination is relatively favorable, the prognosis is considerably worse once distal metastasis has been established. It is therefore imperative to identify molecular targets and develop novel anti-metastatic therapies that will stop, reduce or delay the spread and growth of breast cancer metastasis. Low expression of Wnt-5a in a primary breast tumor is associated with shorter recurrence free survival, suggesting that Wnt-5a acts to restrict breast cancer metastasis. Moreover, Wnt-5a is known to inhibit migration of breast epithelial cells in culture and expression of Wnt-5a potentiates activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase DDR1, a collagen receptor implicated in cell adhesion and migration.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
This thesis describes the identification of DARPP-32 as a novel interactionpartner to DDR1. We demonstrate that DARPP-32 inhibits MCF-7 cell migration and that this effect requires phosphorylation of threonine-34, an event catalyzed by protein kinase A (PKA) and strongly induced by detachment of cells from the culture substrate. DARPP-32 mediated inhibition of migration proved to be dependent on DDR1 expression consolidating a functional relevance of the interaction between DARPP-32 and DDR1. In addition, we found that Wnt-5a could directly trigger a cAMP response that resulted in phosphorylation of DARPP-32 and stimulation with Wnt-5a was nessecary for DARPP-32 mediated inhibition of cell migration in wound healing assay.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The anti-migratory effects of Wnt-5a and DARPP-32 were reduced by dominant negative CREB, which suggests that CREB plays a functional role in this signalling mechanism. Finally, we found that phospho-DARPP-32 inhibited the activity of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, and that MCF-7 cells expressing phospho-DARPP-32 displayed less filopodia formation. These results suggest that DARPP-32 restricts the migration of breast epithelial cells via both a transcription dependent mechanism that involves CREB and a transcription independent mechanism affecting FAK. Pharmacological activation of this pathway may constitute a novel way of limiting breast cancer metastasis.},
  author       = {Hansen, Christian},
  isbn         = {978-91-85897-59-9},
  issn         = {1652-8220},
  keyword      = {cell migration,protein phosphatase 1.,DARPP-32,breast cancer,protein kinase A},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {104},
  publisher    = {Experimental Pathology},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Faculty of Medicine  Doctoral Dissertation Series},
  title        = {Role of DARPP-32 in Breast Cancer Cell Signalling and Migration},
  volume       = {2008:3},
  year         = {2008},
}