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Factors Associated With Symptom Relief in End-of-Life Care in Residential Care Homes : A National Register-Based Study

Andersson, Sofia ; Årestedt, Kristofer ; Lindqvist, Olav ; Fürst, Carl Johan LU and Brännström, Margareta (2018) In Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 55(5). p.1304-1312
Abstract

Context: Residential care homes (RCHs) are a common place of death. Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of symptoms such as pain and shortness of breath among residents in the last week of life. Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the presence of symptoms and symptom relief and identify factors associated with symptom relief of pain, nausea, anxiety, and shortness of breath among RCH residents in end-of-life care. Methods: The data consisted of all expected deaths at RCHs registered in the Swedish Register of Palliative Care (N = 22,855). Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: Pain was reported as the most frequent symptom of the four symptoms (68.8%) and the one that most... (More)

Context: Residential care homes (RCHs) are a common place of death. Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of symptoms such as pain and shortness of breath among residents in the last week of life. Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the presence of symptoms and symptom relief and identify factors associated with symptom relief of pain, nausea, anxiety, and shortness of breath among RCH residents in end-of-life care. Methods: The data consisted of all expected deaths at RCHs registered in the Swedish Register of Palliative Care (N = 22,855). Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: Pain was reported as the most frequent symptom of the four symptoms (68.8%) and the one that most often had been totally relieved (84.7%) by care professionals. Factors associated with relief from at least one symptom were gender; age; time in the RCH; use of a validated pain or symptom assessment scale; documented end-of-life discussions with physicians for both the residents and family members; consultations with other units; diseases other than cancer as cause of death; presence of ulcers; assessment of oral health; and prescribed pro re nata injections for pain, nausea, and anxiety. Conclusion: Our results indicate that use of a validated pain assessment scale, assessment of oral health, and prescribed pro re nata injections for pain, nausea, and anxiety might offer a way to improve symptom relief. These clinical tools and medications should be implemented in the care of the dying in RCHs, and controlled trials should be undertaken to prove the effect.

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author
; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Nursing homes, older persons, palliative care, quality of care, register study, symptom relief
in
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
volume
55
issue
5
pages
1304 - 1312
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85042660407
  • pmid:29305321
ISSN
0885-3924
DOI
10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.12.489
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
81fcca54-a1c1-4134-85ae-9073884394b6
date added to LUP
2018-03-23 11:23:21
date last changed
2021-04-06 04:11:37
@article{81fcca54-a1c1-4134-85ae-9073884394b6,
  abstract     = {<p>Context: Residential care homes (RCHs) are a common place of death. Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of symptoms such as pain and shortness of breath among residents in the last week of life. Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the presence of symptoms and symptom relief and identify factors associated with symptom relief of pain, nausea, anxiety, and shortness of breath among RCH residents in end-of-life care. Methods: The data consisted of all expected deaths at RCHs registered in the Swedish Register of Palliative Care (N = 22,855). Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: Pain was reported as the most frequent symptom of the four symptoms (68.8%) and the one that most often had been totally relieved (84.7%) by care professionals. Factors associated with relief from at least one symptom were gender; age; time in the RCH; use of a validated pain or symptom assessment scale; documented end-of-life discussions with physicians for both the residents and family members; consultations with other units; diseases other than cancer as cause of death; presence of ulcers; assessment of oral health; and prescribed pro re nata injections for pain, nausea, and anxiety. Conclusion: Our results indicate that use of a validated pain assessment scale, assessment of oral health, and prescribed pro re nata injections for pain, nausea, and anxiety might offer a way to improve symptom relief. These clinical tools and medications should be implemented in the care of the dying in RCHs, and controlled trials should be undertaken to prove the effect.</p>},
  author       = {Andersson, Sofia and Årestedt, Kristofer and Lindqvist, Olav and Fürst, Carl Johan and Brännström, Margareta},
  issn         = {0885-3924},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1304--1312},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Pain and Symptom Management},
  title        = {Factors Associated With Symptom Relief in End-of-Life Care in Residential Care Homes : A National Register-Based Study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.12.489},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.12.489},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2018},
}