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Is it who you are or where you live? Community effects on net fertility at the onset of fertility decline: A multilevel analysis using Swedish micro-census data

Dribe, Martin LU ; Juarez, Sol Pia and Scalone, Francesco (2015) In Population Space and Place online: 15 Oct 2015.
Abstract
This paper studies contextual effects on fertility at the onset of fertility decline in Sweden. We argue that the community exerts an influence on fertility when individuals belonging to a certain community are more similar to one another (within-area) in their reproductive behaviour than individuals living in another community (between-area). Our hypotheses are that community had a strong influence in the past but that it decreased over time as more individualistic values grew in importance. We expect that the community exerted a greater impact in the low socioeconomic groups as the elite were less constrained by proximity and, therefore, more exposed to new ideas crossing community borders. Using micro-census data from 1880, 1890, and... (More)
This paper studies contextual effects on fertility at the onset of fertility decline in Sweden. We argue that the community exerts an influence on fertility when individuals belonging to a certain community are more similar to one another (within-area) in their reproductive behaviour than individuals living in another community (between-area). Our hypotheses are that community had a strong influence in the past but that it decreased over time as more individualistic values grew in importance. We expect that the community exerted a greater impact in the low socioeconomic groups as the elite were less constrained by proximity and, therefore, more exposed to new ideas crossing community borders. Using micro-census data from 1880, 1890, and 1900, we use multilevel analysis to estimate measures of intra-class correlation within areas. We measure net fertility by the number of own children under five living in the household to currently married women with their spouses present. Parish is used as proxy for community. Our results indicate that despite average differences in fertility across parishes, the correlation between individuals belonging to the same community is less than 2.5%, that is, only a negligible share of the number of children observed is attributable to true community effects. Contrary to our expectation, we do not find any substantial change over time. However, as expected, community has a greater impact in the low socioeconomic groups. Our findings suggest that it is who you are rather than where you live which explains fertility behaviour during the initial stages of the transition (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
fertility transition, geographical differences, contextual effects
in
Population Space and Place
volume
online: 15 Oct 2015
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • scopus:84951185368
ISSN
1544-8452
DOI
10.1002/psp.1987
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c69738e8-0f21-48eb-b0d7-dca714f1bd6b (old id 8227862)
date added to LUP
2015-11-20 15:38:40
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:40:34
@article{c69738e8-0f21-48eb-b0d7-dca714f1bd6b,
  abstract     = {This paper studies contextual effects on fertility at the onset of fertility decline in Sweden. We argue that the community exerts an influence on fertility when individuals belonging to a certain community are more similar to one another (within-area) in their reproductive behaviour than individuals living in another community (between-area). Our hypotheses are that community had a strong influence in the past but that it decreased over time as more individualistic values grew in importance. We expect that the community exerted a greater impact in the low socioeconomic groups as the elite were less constrained by proximity and, therefore, more exposed to new ideas crossing community borders. Using micro-census data from 1880, 1890, and 1900, we use multilevel analysis to estimate measures of intra-class correlation within areas. We measure net fertility by the number of own children under five living in the household to currently married women with their spouses present. Parish is used as proxy for community. Our results indicate that despite average differences in fertility across parishes, the correlation between individuals belonging to the same community is less than 2.5%, that is, only a negligible share of the number of children observed is attributable to true community effects. Contrary to our expectation, we do not find any substantial change over time. However, as expected, community has a greater impact in the low socioeconomic groups. Our findings suggest that it is who you are rather than where you live which explains fertility behaviour during the initial stages of the transition},
  author       = {Dribe, Martin and Juarez, Sol Pia and Scalone, Francesco},
  issn         = {1544-8452},
  keyword      = {fertility transition,geographical differences,contextual effects},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Population Space and Place},
  title        = {Is it who you are or where you live? Community effects on net fertility at the onset of fertility decline: A multilevel analysis using Swedish micro-census data},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/psp.1987},
  volume       = {online: 15 Oct 2015},
  year         = {2015},
}