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Recycling of rare earths from fluorescent lamps: Value analysis of closing-the-loop under demand and supply uncertainties

Machacek, Erika; Richter, Jessika Luth LU ; Habib, Komal and Klossek, Polina (2015) In Resources, Conservation & Recycling 104. p.76-93
Abstract
Rare earth element (REE) recycling remains low at 1%, despite significant uncertainties related to future supply and demand and EU 2020 energy efficiency objectives. We use a global production network framework of REE flows from mine to REE phosphors in energy-efficient lamps to illustrate the potential of closed-loop recycling for secondary supply under different scenarios of primary supply and forecasted demand for LEDs, CFLs and LFLs. We find that different End-of-Life Recycling Rate scenarios for REE secondary supply range between meeting forecasted REE demand and filling primary supply gaps, and competing with primary supply. Our argument centres on diversifying REE sourcing with recycling and the choice between primary and secondary... (More)
Rare earth element (REE) recycling remains low at 1%, despite significant uncertainties related to future supply and demand and EU 2020 energy efficiency objectives. We use a global production network framework of REE flows from mine to REE phosphors in energy-efficient lamps to illustrate the potential of closed-loop recycling for secondary supply under different scenarios of primary supply and forecasted demand for LEDs, CFLs and LFLs. We find that different End-of-Life Recycling Rate scenarios for REE secondary supply range between meeting forecasted REE demand and filling primary supply gaps, and competing with primary supply. Our argument centres on diversifying REE sourcing with recycling and the choice between primary and secondary supply. We stress that secondary REE phosphor supply requires further policy support for lamp collection and a discussion of the value of REE phosphor recycling which underlies its economic feasibility. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Rare earth elements, Energy-efficient lamps, Global production network, Recycling, Resource conservation, Circular economy
in
Resources, Conservation & Recycling
volume
104
pages
76 - 93
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000367861900009
  • scopus:84944678172
ISSN
0921-3449
DOI
10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.09.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4b3ff5bc-8dc3-4b3f-b99b-e649c3d6eb5f (old id 8312647)
date added to LUP
2015-12-16 08:11:01
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:59:11
@article{4b3ff5bc-8dc3-4b3f-b99b-e649c3d6eb5f,
  abstract     = {Rare earth element (REE) recycling remains low at 1%, despite significant uncertainties related to future supply and demand and EU 2020 energy efficiency objectives. We use a global production network framework of REE flows from mine to REE phosphors in energy-efficient lamps to illustrate the potential of closed-loop recycling for secondary supply under different scenarios of primary supply and forecasted demand for LEDs, CFLs and LFLs. We find that different End-of-Life Recycling Rate scenarios for REE secondary supply range between meeting forecasted REE demand and filling primary supply gaps, and competing with primary supply. Our argument centres on diversifying REE sourcing with recycling and the choice between primary and secondary supply. We stress that secondary REE phosphor supply requires further policy support for lamp collection and a discussion of the value of REE phosphor recycling which underlies its economic feasibility.},
  author       = {Machacek, Erika and Richter, Jessika Luth and Habib, Komal and Klossek, Polina},
  issn         = {0921-3449},
  keyword      = {Rare earth elements,Energy-efficient lamps,Global production network,Recycling,Resource conservation,Circular economy},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {76--93},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Resources, Conservation & Recycling},
  title        = {Recycling of rare earths from fluorescent lamps: Value analysis of closing-the-loop under demand and supply uncertainties},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.09.005},
  volume       = {104},
  year         = {2015},
}