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Attentional bias for negative self-words in young women The role of thin ideal priming and body shape dissatisfaction

Johansson, Linda; Lundh, Lars-Gunnar LU and Andersson, Gerhard (2005) In Personality and Individual Differences 38(3). p.723-733
Abstract
Previous research suggests that body dissatisfied women are particularly susceptible to negative affect following exposure to thin media images, whereas body satisfied women may even respond positively to such images. It was thus hypothesised that negative self-referent information would be more accessible in body dissatisfied women than in women satisfied with their bodies after viewing thin ideal images. Such activation of negative self-schemata was expected to be reflected through delayed colour-naming of negative self-referent words on the emotional Stroop task. Eighty-seven young women were randomised either to a thin ideal priming condition or a neutral priming condition, before undergoing an emotional Stroop task with... (More)
Previous research suggests that body dissatisfied women are particularly susceptible to negative affect following exposure to thin media images, whereas body satisfied women may even respond positively to such images. It was thus hypothesised that negative self-referent information would be more accessible in body dissatisfied women than in women satisfied with their bodies after viewing thin ideal images. Such activation of negative self-schemata was expected to be reflected through delayed colour-naming of negative self-referent words on the emotional Stroop task. Eighty-seven young women were randomised either to a thin ideal priming condition or a neutral priming condition, before undergoing an emotional Stroop task with performance-related and interpersonal-related threat words. There was a significant interaction between body dissatisfaction and thin ideal priming on attentional bias for performance words. This effect was most clearly seen in the body satisfied group, who were faster to colour-name performance words after priming. Further, this group showed an increase in self-esteem after testing. These findings may suggest that body satisfied women responded positively to thin ideal images. Alternatively, the facilitation effect of negative performance words may have been indicative of strategic avoidant processing serving to protect against negative impact of thin ideal exposure. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Attentional bias, Priming, Body satisfaction, Emotional Stroop task
in
Personality and Individual Differences
volume
38
issue
3
pages
723 - 733
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000226847800019
  • scopus:10944261733
ISSN
1873-3549
DOI
10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.026
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2d8cf03f-3d0a-40cc-b6c9-f447959346bc (old id 833590)
date added to LUP
2008-01-16 11:49:50
date last changed
2017-07-23 03:36:46
@article{2d8cf03f-3d0a-40cc-b6c9-f447959346bc,
  abstract     = {Previous research suggests that body dissatisfied women are particularly susceptible to negative affect following exposure to thin media images, whereas body satisfied women may even respond positively to such images. It was thus hypothesised that negative self-referent information would be more accessible in body dissatisfied women than in women satisfied with their bodies after viewing thin ideal images. Such activation of negative self-schemata was expected to be reflected through delayed colour-naming of negative self-referent words on the emotional Stroop task. Eighty-seven young women were randomised either to a thin ideal priming condition or a neutral priming condition, before undergoing an emotional Stroop task with performance-related and interpersonal-related threat words. There was a significant interaction between body dissatisfaction and thin ideal priming on attentional bias for performance words. This effect was most clearly seen in the body satisfied group, who were faster to colour-name performance words after priming. Further, this group showed an increase in self-esteem after testing. These findings may suggest that body satisfied women responded positively to thin ideal images. Alternatively, the facilitation effect of negative performance words may have been indicative of strategic avoidant processing serving to protect against negative impact of thin ideal exposure.},
  author       = {Johansson, Linda and Lundh, Lars-Gunnar and Andersson, Gerhard},
  issn         = {1873-3549},
  keyword      = {Attentional bias,Priming,Body satisfaction,Emotional Stroop task},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {723--733},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Personality and Individual Differences},
  title        = {Attentional bias for negative self-words in young women The role of thin ideal priming and body shape dissatisfaction},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.026},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2005},
}