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Developmental perspectives on prosocial and aggressive motives in preschoolers’ peer interactions.

Persson, Gun LU (2005) In International Journal of Behavioral Development 29(1). p.80-91
Abstract
Preschoolers’ prosocial and aggressive behaviors were explored longitudinally, with a focus on the inferred underlying motives of these behaviors. Forty-four children (initially 22–40 months) were observed in naturalistic interactions with peers, during a two-month period for each of three consecutive years. Three categories of prosocial behavior (requested, altruistic, and non-altruistic) and three categories of aggressive behavior (reactive, proactive instrumental, and proactive hostile aggression) were explored for: (a) internal consistency; (b) developmental changes; (c) individual stability; (d) gender differences; and (e) interrelations. Internal consistency was moderately high for aggression and low for prosocial behavior. All types... (More)
Preschoolers’ prosocial and aggressive behaviors were explored longitudinally, with a focus on the inferred underlying motives of these behaviors. Forty-four children (initially 22–40 months) were observed in naturalistic interactions with peers, during a two-month period for each of three consecutive years. Three categories of prosocial behavior (requested, altruistic, and non-altruistic) and three categories of aggressive behavior (reactive, proactive instrumental, and proactive hostile aggression) were explored for: (a) internal consistency; (b) developmental changes; (c) individual stability; (d) gender differences; and (e) interrelations. Internal consistency was moderately high for aggression and low for prosocial behavior. All types of prosocial behavior were enacted with increasing frequency as children grew older, whereas no developmental changes were revealed for the enactment of aggressive behavior. Individual stability was found for aggression and for prosocial altruistic behavior. A single gender difference was found: Girls outperformed boys on altruistic behavior at the end of the preschool period. Patterns of intercorrelations indicated that (a) prosocial requested behavior was unrelated to aggression; (b) prosocial altruistic behavior was negatively related to aggression, in particular to proactive hostile aggression; (c) prosocial non-altruistic behavior was sometimes positively related to aggression. The theoretical significance of focusing on underlying motives rather than on behavioral forms is discussed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal of Behavioral Development
volume
29
issue
1
pages
80 - 91
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000226584300009
  • scopus:12744255203
ISSN
1464-0651
DOI
10.1080/01650250444000423
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d64e1365-8a5b-4694-8fb1-9060165fcb99 (old id 833596)
date added to LUP
2008-01-16 16:21:12
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:55:40
@article{d64e1365-8a5b-4694-8fb1-9060165fcb99,
  abstract     = {Preschoolers’ prosocial and aggressive behaviors were explored longitudinally, with a focus on the inferred underlying motives of these behaviors. Forty-four children (initially 22–40 months) were observed in naturalistic interactions with peers, during a two-month period for each of three consecutive years. Three categories of prosocial behavior (requested, altruistic, and non-altruistic) and three categories of aggressive behavior (reactive, proactive instrumental, and proactive hostile aggression) were explored for: (a) internal consistency; (b) developmental changes; (c) individual stability; (d) gender differences; and (e) interrelations. Internal consistency was moderately high for aggression and low for prosocial behavior. All types of prosocial behavior were enacted with increasing frequency as children grew older, whereas no developmental changes were revealed for the enactment of aggressive behavior. Individual stability was found for aggression and for prosocial altruistic behavior. A single gender difference was found: Girls outperformed boys on altruistic behavior at the end of the preschool period. Patterns of intercorrelations indicated that (a) prosocial requested behavior was unrelated to aggression; (b) prosocial altruistic behavior was negatively related to aggression, in particular to proactive hostile aggression; (c) prosocial non-altruistic behavior was sometimes positively related to aggression. The theoretical significance of focusing on underlying motives rather than on behavioral forms is discussed.},
  author       = {Persson, Gun},
  issn         = {1464-0651},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {80--91},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {International Journal of Behavioral Development},
  title        = {Developmental perspectives on prosocial and aggressive motives in preschoolers’ peer interactions.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01650250444000423},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2005},
}