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Inducing and reducing false memories: A Swedish version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm

Johansson, Mikael LU and Stenberg, Georg LU (2002) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 43(5). p.369-383
Abstract
Participants tend to falsely remember a nonpresented critical word after having studied a list of the word's primary associates. We present here a Swedish version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm, which provides a tractable method of experimentally inducing and investigating such illusory memories. In Experiment 1 it was demonstrated that the constructed stimulus material induced highly reliable false-recall and false-recognition effects, and, moreover, that veridical and false memories were associated with a similar phenomenological experience of remembering. The results from Experiment 2 indicated that the susceptibility to false recognition can be substantially reduced when participants are explicitly required to monitor the... (More)
Participants tend to falsely remember a nonpresented critical word after having studied a list of the word's primary associates. We present here a Swedish version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm, which provides a tractable method of experimentally inducing and investigating such illusory memories. In Experiment 1 it was demonstrated that the constructed stimulus material induced highly reliable false-recall and false-recognition effects, and, moreover, that veridical and false memories were associated with a similar phenomenological experience of remembering. The results from Experiment 2 indicated that the susceptibility to false recognition can be substantially reduced when participants are explicitly required to monitor the sources of their memories. These findings are consistent with predictions derived from the source-monitoring framework. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Mental Recall, Male, Suggestion, Illusions, Female, Human, Adult, recognition, suggestion, recall, randomization, source monitoring adult, False memories, memory illusion, defense mechanism, article, Repression, Recognition (Psychology), Random Allocation, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, illusion, male, female, human
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
43
issue
5
pages
369 - 383
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:12500776
  • wos:000179710500002
  • scopus:0036884222
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1111/1467-9450.00305
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5e4b1c1e-9fe1-4ca4-9c66-79bec09eb487 (old id 834977)
date added to LUP
2008-02-01 14:44:15
date last changed
2017-08-06 04:36:13
@article{5e4b1c1e-9fe1-4ca4-9c66-79bec09eb487,
  abstract     = {Participants tend to falsely remember a nonpresented critical word after having studied a list of the word's primary associates. We present here a Swedish version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm, which provides a tractable method of experimentally inducing and investigating such illusory memories. In Experiment 1 it was demonstrated that the constructed stimulus material induced highly reliable false-recall and false-recognition effects, and, moreover, that veridical and false memories were associated with a similar phenomenological experience of remembering. The results from Experiment 2 indicated that the susceptibility to false recognition can be substantially reduced when participants are explicitly required to monitor the sources of their memories. These findings are consistent with predictions derived from the source-monitoring framework.},
  author       = {Johansson, Mikael and Stenberg, Georg},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  keyword      = {Mental Recall,Male,Suggestion,Illusions,Female,Human,Adult,recognition,suggestion,recall,randomization,source monitoring
adult,False memories,memory illusion,defense mechanism,article,Repression,Recognition (Psychology),Random Allocation,Support,Non-U.S. Gov't,illusion,male,female,human},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {369--383},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Inducing and reducing false memories: A Swedish version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9450.00305},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2002},
}