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Temperamental influences on children's risk-taking in decision making: A dual process, multi-level analysis

Nyström, Beatrice LU and Bengtsson, Hans LU (2016) In Personality and Individual Differences 89. p.177-181
Abstract
Risk-taking can be either adaptive or maladaptive depending on the context, but maladaptive risk-taking sometimes has serious consequences. Understanding how self-control and other aspects of personality are related to risk-taking is important, as self-control can be improved through training. We examined how the regulative temperamental trait Activation control interacts with the reactive traits Drive and Fearfulness in risk-taking behavior in children. We tested 67 Swedish fourth-graders (m = 10.59 years, SD = 0.30) using the computerized risk-taking test BART-Y (Lejuez et al., 2002). Well-established temperamental scales, the SPSRQ-C (Colder & O'Connor, 2004) and the TMCQ (Simonds & Rothbart, 2004), were used to obtain caregiver... (More)
Risk-taking can be either adaptive or maladaptive depending on the context, but maladaptive risk-taking sometimes has serious consequences. Understanding how self-control and other aspects of personality are related to risk-taking is important, as self-control can be improved through training. We examined how the regulative temperamental trait Activation control interacts with the reactive traits Drive and Fearfulness in risk-taking behavior in children. We tested 67 Swedish fourth-graders (m = 10.59 years, SD = 0.30) using the computerized risk-taking test BART-Y (Lejuez et al., 2002). Well-established temperamental scales, the SPSRQ-C (Colder & O'Connor, 2004) and the TMCQ (Simonds & Rothbart, 2004), were used to obtain caregiver reports on children's temperament. The findings suggest that activation control may have a profound effect on children's risk-taking behavior; relatively fearless children with high drive either adopted a high-risk approach or a very precautious approach in the BART-Y, depending on their level of activation control. To our knowledge, no previous research exists on the role of activation control in risk-taking. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Decision-making, Risk-taking, Effortful control, Temperament
in
Personality and Individual Differences
volume
89
pages
177 - 181
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000364895100032
  • scopus:84944472858
ISSN
1873-3549
DOI
10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.020
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2f37015c-c758-417c-9242-8b1fb3cb1d43 (old id 8370642)
date added to LUP
2015-12-16 15:02:36
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:07:52
@article{2f37015c-c758-417c-9242-8b1fb3cb1d43,
  abstract     = {Risk-taking can be either adaptive or maladaptive depending on the context, but maladaptive risk-taking sometimes has serious consequences. Understanding how self-control and other aspects of personality are related to risk-taking is important, as self-control can be improved through training. We examined how the regulative temperamental trait Activation control interacts with the reactive traits Drive and Fearfulness in risk-taking behavior in children. We tested 67 Swedish fourth-graders (m = 10.59 years, SD = 0.30) using the computerized risk-taking test BART-Y (Lejuez et al., 2002). Well-established temperamental scales, the SPSRQ-C (Colder & O'Connor, 2004) and the TMCQ (Simonds & Rothbart, 2004), were used to obtain caregiver reports on children's temperament. The findings suggest that activation control may have a profound effect on children's risk-taking behavior; relatively fearless children with high drive either adopted a high-risk approach or a very precautious approach in the BART-Y, depending on their level of activation control. To our knowledge, no previous research exists on the role of activation control in risk-taking. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Nyström, Beatrice and Bengtsson, Hans},
  issn         = {1873-3549},
  keyword      = {Decision-making,Risk-taking,Effortful control,Temperament},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {177--181},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Personality and Individual Differences},
  title        = {Temperamental influences on children's risk-taking in decision making: A dual process, multi-level analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.020},
  volume       = {89},
  year         = {2016},
}