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Typical Load Shapes for Swedish Schools ans Hotels

Norén, Corfitz LU and Pyrko, Jurek LU (1998) In Energy and Buildings 28. p.145-157
Abstract
In this study, typical load shapes for two categories of Swedish commercial and public buildings – schools and hotels – are presented and discussed. The measurements from 13 schools and 9 hotels in the south part of Sweden were analysed. Load shapes are developed for different mean daily outdoor temperatures and different day-types - standard weekdays and standard weekends. The load shapes are presented as non-dimensional normalised 1-hour load. The typical load shapes give a reasonable approximation of the measured load shapes, although the relative errors exceed 20% of the mean values during some hours. Daytime (9 a.m.-5 p.m.) results are generally good with errors about 10%. Absolute errors remain relatively constant during the year but... (More)
In this study, typical load shapes for two categories of Swedish commercial and public buildings – schools and hotels – are presented and discussed. The measurements from 13 schools and 9 hotels in the south part of Sweden were analysed. Load shapes are developed for different mean daily outdoor temperatures and different day-types - standard weekdays and standard weekends. The load shapes are presented as non-dimensional normalised 1-hour load. The typical load shapes give a reasonable approximation of the measured load shapes, although the relative errors exceed 20% of the mean values during some hours. Daytime (9 a.m.-5 p.m.) results are generally good with errors about 10%. Absolute errors remain relatively constant during the year but as mean values decrease, the relative errors increase, causing relative errors up to 30% during some time periods. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Load shapes, schools, hotels, Sweden
in
Energy and Buildings
volume
28
pages
145 - 157
publisher
Elsevier
ISSN
1872-6178
DOI
10.1016/S0378-7788(98)00011-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
970c8c26-3a52-4861-92fa-fca0bd8139db (old id 8516586)
date added to LUP
2016-01-11 16:21:01
date last changed
2016-04-15 20:28:54
@article{970c8c26-3a52-4861-92fa-fca0bd8139db,
  abstract     = {In this study, typical load shapes for two categories of Swedish commercial and public buildings – schools and hotels – are presented and discussed. The measurements from 13 schools and 9 hotels in the south part of Sweden were analysed. Load shapes are developed for different mean daily outdoor temperatures and different day-types - standard weekdays and standard weekends. The load shapes are presented as non-dimensional normalised 1-hour load. The typical load shapes give a reasonable approximation of the measured load shapes, although the relative errors exceed 20% of the mean values during some hours. Daytime (9 a.m.-5 p.m.) results are generally good with errors about 10%. Absolute errors remain relatively constant during the year but as mean values decrease, the relative errors increase, causing relative errors up to 30% during some time periods.},
  author       = {Norén, Corfitz and Pyrko, Jurek},
  issn         = {1872-6178},
  keyword      = {Load shapes,schools,hotels,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {145--157},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy and Buildings},
  title        = {Typical Load Shapes for Swedish Schools ans Hotels},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7788(98)00011-5},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {1998},
}