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A high diet quality based on dietary recommendations is not associated with lower incidence of type 2 diabetes in the malmö diet and cancer cohort

Mandalazi, Emmanuel; Drake, Isabel LU ; Wirfält, Elisabet LU ; Orho-Melander, Marju LU and Sonestedt, Emily LU (2016) In International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17(6).
Abstract

A high diet quality index based on Swedish nutrition recommendations has previously been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) cohort. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this diet quality index was associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes. Of 26,868 participants (44-74 years) in the MDC cohort study, 3838 type 2 diabetes cases were identified from registers during 17 years of follow-up. A diet quality index (from a modified diet history method) was constructed based on adherence to the recommended intakes of saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, fish, fiber, fruit and vegetables, and sucrose. After adjusting for potential confounders, we observed no... (More)

A high diet quality index based on Swedish nutrition recommendations has previously been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) cohort. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this diet quality index was associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes. Of 26,868 participants (44-74 years) in the MDC cohort study, 3838 type 2 diabetes cases were identified from registers during 17 years of follow-up. A diet quality index (from a modified diet history method) was constructed based on adherence to the recommended intakes of saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, fish, fiber, fruit and vegetables, and sucrose. After adjusting for potential confounders, we observed no significant association between the diet quality index and type 2 diabetes risk. The HR for the highest vs. lowest index category was 1.06 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.20; p-trend = 0.56). Because of the protective associations shown for cardiovascular disease and mortality, the specific dietary components that were chosen to represent adherence to the recommendations may be less applicable to type 2 diabetes risk.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cohort, Diet index, Dietary pattern, Type 2 diabetes
in
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
volume
17
issue
6
publisher
MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INT
external identifiers
  • scopus:84973529593
  • wos:000378799300115
ISSN
1661-6596
DOI
10.3390/ijms17060901
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
85dbd5b9-086a-4a1f-840f-d92c0f41ac21
date added to LUP
2016-06-23 13:19:20
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:28:55
@article{85dbd5b9-086a-4a1f-840f-d92c0f41ac21,
  abstract     = {<p>A high diet quality index based on Swedish nutrition recommendations has previously been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) cohort. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this diet quality index was associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes. Of 26,868 participants (44-74 years) in the MDC cohort study, 3838 type 2 diabetes cases were identified from registers during 17 years of follow-up. A diet quality index (from a modified diet history method) was constructed based on adherence to the recommended intakes of saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, fish, fiber, fruit and vegetables, and sucrose. After adjusting for potential confounders, we observed no significant association between the diet quality index and type 2 diabetes risk. The HR for the highest vs. lowest index category was 1.06 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.20; p-trend = 0.56). Because of the protective associations shown for cardiovascular disease and mortality, the specific dietary components that were chosen to represent adherence to the recommendations may be less applicable to type 2 diabetes risk.</p>},
  articleno    = {901},
  author       = {Mandalazi, Emmanuel and Drake, Isabel and Wirfält, Elisabet and Orho-Melander, Marju and Sonestedt, Emily},
  issn         = {1661-6596},
  keyword      = {Cohort,Diet index,Dietary pattern,Type 2 diabetes},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {6},
  publisher    = {MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INT},
  series       = {International Journal of Molecular Sciences},
  title        = {A high diet quality based on dietary recommendations is not associated with lower incidence of type 2 diabetes in the malmö diet and cancer cohort},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms17060901},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2016},
}