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Humanistic and normativistic metaphysics, epistemology, and conative orientation: Two fundamental systems of meaning

Nilsson, Artur LU and Strupp-Levitsky, Michael (2016) In Personality and Individual Differences 100( Special issue: Dr Sybil Eysenck Young Researcher Award). p.85-94
Abstract
Polarity Theory suggests that worldview controversies spanning areas such as morality, politics, epistemology, and metaphysics are ultimately rooted in the clash between humanism, which portrays human nature as intrinsically good and valuable, and normativism, which portrays human goodness and value as contingent upon conformity and achievement. Previous research has shown that humanism and normativism are factorially distinct, rather than polar opposites, but has not clarified exactly how they differ. We report results from six samples of Swedish, U.S., and mixed nationality participants, suggesting that normativism is associated with an implicit metaphysics of essentialism and determinism, an absolutist epistemology, and moral... (More)
Polarity Theory suggests that worldview controversies spanning areas such as morality, politics, epistemology, and metaphysics are ultimately rooted in the clash between humanism, which portrays human nature as intrinsically good and valuable, and normativism, which portrays human goodness and value as contingent upon conformity and achievement. Previous research has shown that humanism and normativism are factorially distinct, rather than polar opposites, but has not clarified exactly how they differ. We report results from six samples of Swedish, U.S., and mixed nationality participants, suggesting that normativism is associated with an implicit metaphysics of essentialism and determinism, an absolutist epistemology, and moral intuitions, values, and aspirations pertaining to conformity with norms and the pursuit of excellence, whereas humanism is associated with an anthropocentric metaphysics, a subjectivist epistemology, and moral intuitions, values, and aspirations pertaining to intrinsic preferences and the pursuit of human well-being. The results demonstrate that humanism and normativism contribute independent of each other to the cohesion of personal worldviews, across the domains of metaphysics, epistemology, and conative orientation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Worldview, Humanism, Normativism, Polarity Theory, Personal ideology, Belief, Compatibilism
in
Personality and Individual Differences
volume
100
issue
Special issue: Dr Sybil Eysenck Young Researcher Award
pages
10 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84958268039
  • wos:000382412600015
ISSN
1873-3549
DOI
10.1016/j.paid.2016.01.050
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0f1260e0-78a0-4f72-ae42-984f955b2c20 (old id 8726011)
alternative location
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886916300514
date added to LUP
2016-02-18 07:54:18
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:56:21
@article{0f1260e0-78a0-4f72-ae42-984f955b2c20,
  abstract     = {Polarity Theory suggests that worldview controversies spanning areas such as morality, politics, epistemology, and metaphysics are ultimately rooted in the clash between humanism, which portrays human nature as intrinsically good and valuable, and normativism, which portrays human goodness and value as contingent upon conformity and achievement. Previous research has shown that humanism and normativism are factorially distinct, rather than polar opposites, but has not clarified exactly how they differ. We report results from six samples of Swedish, U.S., and mixed nationality participants, suggesting that normativism is associated with an implicit metaphysics of essentialism and determinism, an absolutist epistemology, and moral intuitions, values, and aspirations pertaining to conformity with norms and the pursuit of excellence, whereas humanism is associated with an anthropocentric metaphysics, a subjectivist epistemology, and moral intuitions, values, and aspirations pertaining to intrinsic preferences and the pursuit of human well-being. The results demonstrate that humanism and normativism contribute independent of each other to the cohesion of personal worldviews, across the domains of metaphysics, epistemology, and conative orientation.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Artur and Strupp-Levitsky, Michael},
  issn         = {1873-3549},
  keyword      = {Worldview,Humanism,Normativism,Polarity Theory,Personal ideology,Belief,Compatibilism},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = { Special issue: Dr Sybil Eysenck Young Researcher Award},
  pages        = {85--94},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Personality and Individual Differences},
  title        = {Humanistic and normativistic metaphysics, epistemology, and conative orientation: Two fundamental systems of meaning},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.01.050},
  volume       = {100},
  year         = {2016},
}