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Money for nothin’ and coal for free: ‘Technology neutrality’ and biomass development under the Flemish tradable green certificate scheme

Carton, Wim LU (2016) In Geoforum 70. p.69-78
Abstract
Recent literature has highlighted the creation of multiple equivalences as an important factor underpinning the rise of market-based mechanisms for environmental regulation. Extending these insights into the field of renewable energy policy, this article focuses on one example of this trend – namely the principle of technology neutrality as applied under the Flemish tradable green certificate scheme – and analyzes the concrete ways in which it has shaped the evolution of the Flemish renewable energy landscape. Concretely, the article shows that technology neutrality played a key role in promoting the uptake of biomass combustion in old coal power plants in Flanders, which led to a number of undesirable outcomes and gave rise to significant... (More)
Recent literature has highlighted the creation of multiple equivalences as an important factor underpinning the rise of market-based mechanisms for environmental regulation. Extending these insights into the field of renewable energy policy, this article focuses on one example of this trend – namely the principle of technology neutrality as applied under the Flemish tradable green certificate scheme – and analyzes the concrete ways in which it has shaped the evolution of the Flemish renewable energy landscape. Concretely, the article shows that technology neutrality played a key role in promoting the uptake of biomass combustion in old coal power plants in Flanders, which led to a number of undesirable outcomes and gave rise to significant opposition. Correcting these shortcomings required a number of policy interventions on the part of the Flemish government that fundamentally moved the scheme away from the principle of technology neutrality and towards a more hybrid RE support system, suggesting that the promotion of technology neutrality was fundamentally misguided. Together with similar experiences from related market-based instruments, this suggests that the promotion of technology neutrality has far-reaching implications for the environmental effectiveness of climate and energy policies. In light of the continued promotion of the principle, the article calls for full recognition of the inherent technological choices that are being made through the promotion of policies that purport to be technology-neutral. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
carbon trading, neoliberal environmental governance, biomass co-firing, technology neutrality, Tradable green certificates
in
Geoforum
volume
70
pages
69 - 78
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000373537200008
  • scopus:84963831096
ISSN
1872-9398
DOI
10.1016/j.geoforum.2016.02.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
21e1a359-ed20-46d5-b3f6-c558f282da80 (old id 8771279)
date added to LUP
2016-02-24 10:15:43
date last changed
2017-01-22 03:13:44
@article{21e1a359-ed20-46d5-b3f6-c558f282da80,
  abstract     = {Recent literature has highlighted the creation of multiple equivalences as an important factor underpinning the rise of market-based mechanisms for environmental regulation. Extending these insights into the field of renewable energy policy, this article focuses on one example of this trend – namely the principle of technology neutrality as applied under the Flemish tradable green certificate scheme – and analyzes the concrete ways in which it has shaped the evolution of the Flemish renewable energy landscape. Concretely, the article shows that technology neutrality played a key role in promoting the uptake of biomass combustion in old coal power plants in Flanders, which led to a number of undesirable outcomes and gave rise to significant opposition. Correcting these shortcomings required a number of policy interventions on the part of the Flemish government that fundamentally moved the scheme away from the principle of technology neutrality and towards a more hybrid RE support system, suggesting that the promotion of technology neutrality was fundamentally misguided. Together with similar experiences from related market-based instruments, this suggests that the promotion of technology neutrality has far-reaching implications for the environmental effectiveness of climate and energy policies. In light of the continued promotion of the principle, the article calls for full recognition of the inherent technological choices that are being made through the promotion of policies that purport to be technology-neutral.},
  author       = {Carton, Wim},
  issn         = {1872-9398},
  keyword      = {carbon trading,neoliberal environmental governance,biomass co-firing,technology neutrality,Tradable green certificates},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  pages        = {69--78},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Geoforum},
  title        = {Money for nothin’ and coal for free: ‘Technology neutrality’ and biomass development under the Flemish tradable green certificate scheme},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2016.02.010},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2016},
}