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Investigation of microstructure evolution during self-annealing in thin Cu films by combining mesoscale level set and ab initio modeling

Hallberg, Håkan LU and Olsson, Pär LU (2016) In Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 90. p.160-178
Abstract
Microstructure evolution in thin Cu films during room temperature self-annealing is investigated by means of a mesoscale level set model. The model is formulated such that the relative, or collective, influence of anisotropic grain boundary energy, mobility and heterogeneously distributed stored energy can be investigated. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed in the present work to provide the variation of grain boundary energy for different grain boundary configurations. The stability of the predominant (111) fiber texture in the as-deposited state is studied as well as the stability of some special low-Σ grain boundaries. Further, the numerical model allows tracing of the grain size distribution and occurrence of... (More)
Microstructure evolution in thin Cu films during room temperature self-annealing is investigated by means of a mesoscale level set model. The model is formulated such that the relative, or collective, influence of anisotropic grain boundary energy, mobility and heterogeneously distributed stored energy can be investigated. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed in the present work to provide the variation of grain boundary energy for different grain boundary configurations. The stability of the predominant (111) fiber texture in the as-deposited state is studied as well as the stability of some special low-Σ grain boundaries. Further, the numerical model allows tracing of the grain size distribution and occurrence of abnormal grain growth during self-annealing. It is found that abnormal grain growth depends mainly on the presence of stored energy variations, whereas anisotropic grain boundary energy or mobility is insufficient to trigger any abnormal growth in the model. However, texture dependent grain boundary properties, mobility in particular, contribute to an increased content of low-Σ boundaries in the annealed microstructure. The increased presence of such boundaries is also promoted by stored energy variations. In addition, if the stored energy variations are sufficient the coexisting (111) and (001) texture components in the as-deposited state will evolve into a (001) dominated texture during annealing. Further, it is found that whereas stored energy variations promote the stability of the (001) texture component, anisotropic grain boundary energy and mobility tend to work the other way and stabilize the (111) component at the expense of (001) grains. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Grain growth, Texture, Cu, Thin film, Microstructure, Annealing, Recovery, DFT, Level set
in
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
volume
90
pages
160 - 178
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84960453521
  • WOS:000375631900011
ISSN
1873-4782
DOI
10.1016/j.jmps.2016.02.026
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ceb9c461-b7ca-496a-a424-51ece3a90267 (old id 8851377)
date added to LUP
2016-03-14 12:54:48
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:50:17
@article{ceb9c461-b7ca-496a-a424-51ece3a90267,
  abstract     = {Microstructure evolution in thin Cu films during room temperature self-annealing is investigated by means of a mesoscale level set model. The model is formulated such that the relative, or collective, influence of anisotropic grain boundary energy, mobility and heterogeneously distributed stored energy can be investigated. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed in the present work to provide the variation of grain boundary energy for different grain boundary configurations. The stability of the predominant (111) fiber texture in the as-deposited state is studied as well as the stability of some special low-Σ grain boundaries. Further, the numerical model allows tracing of the grain size distribution and occurrence of abnormal grain growth during self-annealing. It is found that abnormal grain growth depends mainly on the presence of stored energy variations, whereas anisotropic grain boundary energy or mobility is insufficient to trigger any abnormal growth in the model. However, texture dependent grain boundary properties, mobility in particular, contribute to an increased content of low-Σ boundaries in the annealed microstructure. The increased presence of such boundaries is also promoted by stored energy variations. In addition, if the stored energy variations are sufficient the coexisting (111) and (001) texture components in the as-deposited state will evolve into a (001) dominated texture during annealing. Further, it is found that whereas stored energy variations promote the stability of the (001) texture component, anisotropic grain boundary energy and mobility tend to work the other way and stabilize the (111) component at the expense of (001) grains.},
  author       = {Hallberg, Håkan and Olsson, Pär},
  issn         = {1873-4782},
  keyword      = {Grain growth,Texture,Cu,Thin film,Microstructure,Annealing,Recovery,DFT,Level set},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {160--178},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids},
  title        = {Investigation of microstructure evolution during self-annealing in thin Cu films by combining mesoscale level set and ab initio modeling},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2016.02.026},
  volume       = {90},
  year         = {2016},
}