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Ischemic QRS prolongation as a predictor of ventricular fibrillation in a canine model

Almer, Jakob LU ; Jennings, Robert B.; Ringborn, Michael LU and Engblom, Henrik LU (2018) In Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
Abstract

Objectives. An acute coronary occlusion and its possible subsequent complications is one of the most common causes of death. One such complication is ventricular fibrillation (VF) due to myocardial ischemia. The severity of ischemia is related to the amount of coronary arterial collateral flow. In dog studies collateral flow has also been shown to be associated with QRS prolongation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ischemic QRS prolongation (IQP) is associated with impending VF in an experimental acute ischemia dog model. Methods. Degree of IQP and occurrence of VF were measured in dogs (n = 21) during coronary occlusion for 15 min and also during subsequent reperfusion (experiments conducted in 1984). Results. There... (More)

Objectives. An acute coronary occlusion and its possible subsequent complications is one of the most common causes of death. One such complication is ventricular fibrillation (VF) due to myocardial ischemia. The severity of ischemia is related to the amount of coronary arterial collateral flow. In dog studies collateral flow has also been shown to be associated with QRS prolongation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ischemic QRS prolongation (IQP) is associated with impending VF in an experimental acute ischemia dog model. Methods. Degree of IQP and occurrence of VF were measured in dogs (n = 21) during coronary occlusion for 15 min and also during subsequent reperfusion (experiments conducted in 1984). Results. There was a significant difference in absolute IQP between dogs which developed VF during reperfusion (47 ± 29 ms, mean ± SD) and those which did not (12 ± 10 ms; p =.001). Conclusions. IQP during acute coronary occlusion is associated with reperfusion VF in an experimental dog model and might therefore be a potential predictor of malignant arrhythmias in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
acute coronary syndrome, electrocardiography, ischemia, Ventricular fibrillation
in
Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85053296380
ISSN
1401-7431
DOI
10.1080/14017431.2018.1494304
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8c9a973d-08d1-42c9-8ea6-83ac1d15f5fc
date added to LUP
2018-10-24 14:31:21
date last changed
2019-01-06 14:12:13
@article{8c9a973d-08d1-42c9-8ea6-83ac1d15f5fc,
  abstract     = {<p>Objectives. An acute coronary occlusion and its possible subsequent complications is one of the most common causes of death. One such complication is ventricular fibrillation (VF) due to myocardial ischemia. The severity of ischemia is related to the amount of coronary arterial collateral flow. In dog studies collateral flow has also been shown to be associated with QRS prolongation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ischemic QRS prolongation (IQP) is associated with impending VF in an experimental acute ischemia dog model. Methods. Degree of IQP and occurrence of VF were measured in dogs (n = 21) during coronary occlusion for 15 min and also during subsequent reperfusion (experiments conducted in 1984). Results. There was a significant difference in absolute IQP between dogs which developed VF during reperfusion (47 ± 29 ms, mean ± SD) and those which did not (12 ± 10 ms; p =.001). Conclusions. IQP during acute coronary occlusion is associated with reperfusion VF in an experimental dog model and might therefore be a potential predictor of malignant arrhythmias in patients with acute coronary syndrome.</p>},
  author       = {Almer, Jakob and Jennings, Robert B. and Ringborn, Michael and Engblom, Henrik},
  issn         = {1401-7431},
  keyword      = {acute coronary syndrome,electrocardiography,ischemia,Ventricular fibrillation},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal},
  title        = {Ischemic QRS prolongation as a predictor of ventricular fibrillation in a canine model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2018.1494304},
  year         = {2018},
}