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Evaluation of person-centeredness in nursing homes after a palliative care intervention: pre- and post-test experimental design

Bökberg, Christina LU ; Behm, Lina LU ; Wallerstedt, Birgitta and Ahlström, Gerd LU (2019) In BMC Palliative Care 18 .
Abstract

Background
The needs of care based on palliative principles are stressed for all people with progressive and/or life-limiting conditions, regardless of age and the place in which care is provided. Person-centred palliative care strives to make the whole person visible and prioritizes the satisfaction of spiritual, existential, social, and psychological needs to the same extent as physical needs. However, person-centred palliative care for older persons in nursing homes seems to be sparse, possibly because staff in nursing homes do not have sufficient knowledge, skills, and training in managing symptoms and other aspects of palliative care.
Methods
This study aimed to evaluate whether an educational intervention had any... (More)

Background
The needs of care based on palliative principles are stressed for all people with progressive and/or life-limiting conditions, regardless of age and the place in which care is provided. Person-centred palliative care strives to make the whole person visible and prioritizes the satisfaction of spiritual, existential, social, and psychological needs to the same extent as physical needs. However, person-centred palliative care for older persons in nursing homes seems to be sparse, possibly because staff in nursing homes do not have sufficient knowledge, skills, and training in managing symptoms and other aspects of palliative care.
Methods
This study aimed to evaluate whether an educational intervention had any effect on the staff’s perception of providing person-centred palliative care for older persons in nursing homes. Methods: A knowledge-based palliative care intervention consisting of five 2-h seminars during a 6-month period was implemented at 20 nursing homes in Sweden. In total, 365 staff members were participated, 167 in the intervention group and 198 in the control group. Data were collected using two questionnaires, the Person-centred Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) and the Person-Centred Climate Questionnaire (PCQ-S), answered before (baseline) and 3 months after (follow-up) the educational intervention was completed. Descriptive, comparative, and univariate logistical regression analyses were performed.
Results
Both the intervention group and the control group revealed high median scores in all subscales at baseline, except for the subscale amount of organizational and environmental support in the P-CAT. The staff’s high rating level of person-centred care before the intervention provides limited space for further improvements at follow-up.
Conclusion
This study shows that staff perceived that managers’ and the organization’s amount of support to them in their everyday work was the only area for improvement in order to maintain person-centred care. The experiences among staff are crucial knowledge in understanding how palliative care can be made person-centred in spite of often limited resources in nursing homes. The dose and intensity of education activities of the intervention model need to be tested in future research to develop the most effective implementation model.
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
BMC Palliative Care
volume
18
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • scopus:85066619879
ISSN
1472-684X
DOI
10.1186/s12904-019-0431-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8d1bb123-3d8c-4c0d-9d89-786f2793ae07
date added to LUP
2019-06-19 19:20:10
date last changed
2019-09-01 06:24:38
@article{8d1bb123-3d8c-4c0d-9d89-786f2793ae07,
  abstract     = {<br/>Background<br/>The needs of care based on palliative principles are stressed for all people with progressive and/or life-limiting conditions, regardless of age and the place in which care is provided. Person-centred palliative care strives to make the whole person visible and prioritizes the satisfaction of spiritual, existential, social, and psychological needs to the same extent as physical needs. However, person-centred palliative care for older persons in nursing homes seems to be sparse, possibly because staff in nursing homes do not have sufficient knowledge, skills, and training in managing symptoms and other aspects of palliative care.<br/>Methods<br/>This study aimed to evaluate whether an educational intervention had any effect on the staff’s perception of providing person-centred palliative care for older persons in nursing homes. Methods: A knowledge-based palliative care intervention consisting of five 2-h seminars during a 6-month period was implemented at 20 nursing homes in Sweden. In total, 365 staff members were participated, 167 in the intervention group and 198 in the control group. Data were collected using two questionnaires, the Person-centred Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) and the Person-Centred Climate Questionnaire (PCQ-S), answered before (baseline) and 3 months after (follow-up) the educational intervention was completed. Descriptive, comparative, and univariate logistical regression analyses were performed.<br/>Results<br/>Both the intervention group and the control group revealed high median scores in all subscales at baseline, except for the subscale amount of organizational and environmental support in the P-CAT. The staff’s high rating level of person-centred care before the intervention provides limited space for further improvements at follow-up.<br/>Conclusion<br/>This study shows that staff perceived that managers’ and the organization’s amount of support to them in their everyday work was the only area for improvement in order to maintain person-centred care. The experiences among staff are crucial knowledge in understanding how palliative care can be made person-centred in spite of often limited resources in nursing homes. The dose and intensity of education activities of the intervention model need to be tested in future research to develop the most effective implementation model.<br/>},
  articleno    = {44},
  author       = {Bökberg, Christina and Behm, Lina and Wallerstedt, Birgitta and Ahlström, Gerd},
  issn         = {1472-684X},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC Palliative Care},
  title        = {Evaluation of person-centeredness in nursing homes after a palliative care intervention: pre- and post-test experimental design},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12904-019-0431-8},
  volume       = {18 },
  year         = {2019},
}