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The policy influence on the development of entrepreneurship in higher education: A Swedish perspective

Hägg, Gustav LU and Schölin, Tobias LU (2018) In Education and Training 60(7-8). p.656-673
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze the foundation of higher education policies that have promoted entrepreneurship in Sweden since the mid-1990s.

Design/methodology/approach
To do this, the authors use Bacchi’s (1999) “What’s the problem?” approach. A central assumption of which is that perceptions of a problem affect how its solution looks. Bacchi’s approach is described as a type of discourse analysis.

Findings
The authors show that problem definition within policies regarding the role and importance of entrepreneurship within higher education has explicitly been directed toward equipping individuals to develop action-orientated skills in the field of entrepreneurship. The equipment... (More)
Purpose
The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze the foundation of higher education policies that have promoted entrepreneurship in Sweden since the mid-1990s.

Design/methodology/approach
To do this, the authors use Bacchi’s (1999) “What’s the problem?” approach. A central assumption of which is that perceptions of a problem affect how its solution looks. Bacchi’s approach is described as a type of discourse analysis.

Findings
The authors show that problem definition within policies regarding the role and importance of entrepreneurship within higher education has explicitly been directed toward equipping individuals to develop action-orientated skills in the field of entrepreneurship. The equipment of action-oriented skills has implicitly been directed to individuals’ personal initiatives to meet explicit social and collective problems, fueling a neoliberal development and fostering an enterprising culture. The authors also show how policy creates a discourse, which may be characterized as “useful, unreflective citizens.”

Research limitations/implications
The study addresses the implicit steering that is being exercised through policies. This steering needs to be questioned and problematized in order to avoid blindly following the implied course of action.

Originality/value
The study contributes to current understanding of how entrepreneurship in higher education is both governed explicitly and implicitly, by policy, through the creation of new norms in society. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Education and Training
volume
60
issue
7-8
pages
656 - 673
publisher
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
external identifiers
  • scopus:85049964093
ISSN
0040-0912
DOI
10.1108/ET-07-2017-0104
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8dd44d4f-5910-4d13-aa29-de5b52a74416
date added to LUP
2018-07-26 22:17:01
date last changed
2020-12-29 03:13:20
@article{8dd44d4f-5910-4d13-aa29-de5b52a74416,
  abstract     = {Purpose<br/>The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze the foundation of higher education policies that have promoted entrepreneurship in Sweden since the mid-1990s.<br/><br/>Design/methodology/approach<br/>To do this, the authors use Bacchi’s (1999) “What’s the problem?” approach. A central assumption of which is that perceptions of a problem affect how its solution looks. Bacchi’s approach is described as a type of discourse analysis.<br/><br/>Findings<br/>The authors show that problem definition within policies regarding the role and importance of entrepreneurship within higher education has explicitly been directed toward equipping individuals to develop action-orientated skills in the field of entrepreneurship. The equipment of action-oriented skills has implicitly been directed to individuals’ personal initiatives to meet explicit social and collective problems, fueling a neoliberal development and fostering an enterprising culture. The authors also show how policy creates a discourse, which may be characterized as “useful, unreflective citizens.”<br/><br/>Research limitations/implications<br/>The study addresses the implicit steering that is being exercised through policies. This steering needs to be questioned and problematized in order to avoid blindly following the implied course of action.<br/><br/>Originality/value<br/>The study contributes to current understanding of how entrepreneurship in higher education is both governed explicitly and implicitly, by policy, through the creation of new norms in society.},
  author       = {Hägg, Gustav and Schölin, Tobias},
  issn         = {0040-0912},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7-8},
  pages        = {656--673},
  publisher    = {Emerald Group Publishing Limited},
  series       = {Education and Training},
  title        = {The policy influence on the development of entrepreneurship in higher education: A Swedish perspective},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ET-07-2017-0104},
  doi          = {10.1108/ET-07-2017-0104},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2018},
}