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Parent–infant interactions looking for instances of volitional social gaze versus reflexive gaze – an observational study

Sivberg, Bengt LU ; Jakobsson, Ulf LU and Lundqvist, Pia LU (2017) In Early Child Development and Care
Abstract

Very early precursors of disrupted social behaviours are significant to understanding the possibility of mitigating or changing behaviours through interventions. Spontaneous play situations between infant and parent in two groups of infants aged 8.5–9 months were observed. First, a large number of videos were analysed to develop an observational schedule of play behaviour. Second, 135 videos were used in the comparison of atypical (AT; n = 23) and typically developed (TD; n = 22) infants. Frequency and duration of infants’ orientation towards the parent’s eye zone was significantly higher among TD infants than AT, indicating a stronger social gaze behaviour. Both groups were as competent at screening the surroundings, grabbing, and... (More)

Very early precursors of disrupted social behaviours are significant to understanding the possibility of mitigating or changing behaviours through interventions. Spontaneous play situations between infant and parent in two groups of infants aged 8.5–9 months were observed. First, a large number of videos were analysed to develop an observational schedule of play behaviour. Second, 135 videos were used in the comparison of atypical (AT; n = 23) and typically developed (TD; n = 22) infants. Frequency and duration of infants’ orientation towards the parent’s eye zone was significantly higher among TD infants than AT, indicating a stronger social gaze behaviour. Both groups were as competent at screening the surroundings, grabbing, and looking at toys. Finding may indicate an equal competence at reacting to reflexive stimuli. The quality of gaze behaviour provides important information for child healthcare professionals and parents when deciding whether to start supportive intervention or diagnostic investigation.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
ASD/ASC, gaze behaviour, infant, observation, parent, play session
in
Early Child Development and Care
pages
12 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85037715314
ISSN
0300-4430
DOI
10.1080/03004430.2017.1410479
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8eecea66-7c69-44e4-a235-c7e280509c2d
date added to LUP
2017-12-21 09:25:34
date last changed
2018-11-21 21:36:50
@article{8eecea66-7c69-44e4-a235-c7e280509c2d,
  abstract     = {<p>Very early precursors of disrupted social behaviours are significant to understanding the possibility of mitigating or changing behaviours through interventions. Spontaneous play situations between infant and parent in two groups of infants aged 8.5–9 months were observed. First, a large number of videos were analysed to develop an observational schedule of play behaviour. Second, 135 videos were used in the comparison of atypical (AT; n = 23) and typically developed (TD; n = 22) infants. Frequency and duration of infants’ orientation towards the parent’s eye zone was significantly higher among TD infants than AT, indicating a stronger social gaze behaviour. Both groups were as competent at screening the surroundings, grabbing, and looking at toys. Finding may indicate an equal competence at reacting to reflexive stimuli. The quality of gaze behaviour provides important information for child healthcare professionals and parents when deciding whether to start supportive intervention or diagnostic investigation.</p>},
  author       = {Sivberg, Bengt and Jakobsson, Ulf and Lundqvist, Pia},
  issn         = {0300-4430},
  keyword      = {ASD/ASC,gaze behaviour,infant,observation,parent,play session},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  pages        = {12},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Early Child Development and Care},
  title        = {Parent–infant interactions looking for instances of volitional social gaze versus reflexive gaze – an observational study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2017.1410479},
  year         = {2017},
}