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Wikipedia and Wikis

Haider, Jutta LU and Sundin, Olof LU (2019) In Wiley Handbooks in Communication and Media Series
Abstract
Wikis are often considered to be the core platform of peer production. This chapter delineates their most central design principles, history and affordances. Wikis are described as content management systems that allow for flexible collaboration without a defined content owner or leader. Users can modify the content and structure of documents directly in their web browser. Edits are usually archived and open to revision. This chapter pays particular attention to the most successful wiki-based system, the non-profit, online encyclopedia Wikipedia. As the chapter explains, Wikipedia actually contains a broad range of more or less individual wiki projects and has inspired a plethora of other endeavors, both open source and proprietary. The... (More)
Wikis are often considered to be the core platform of peer production. This chapter delineates their most central design principles, history and affordances. Wikis are described as content management systems that allow for flexible collaboration without a defined content owner or leader. Users can modify the content and structure of documents directly in their web browser. Edits are usually archived and open to revision. This chapter pays particular attention to the most successful wiki-based system, the non-profit, online encyclopedia Wikipedia. As the chapter explains, Wikipedia actually contains a broad range of more or less individual wiki projects and has inspired a plethora of other endeavors, both open source and proprietary. The particular peer production model employed in Wikipedia is elucidated, and in the course also complicated. The chapter concludes by highlighting a number of tensions emerging from a wiki-based peer production model, between amateurs and experts, human editors and bots, lay knowledge and academic knowledge and the shaping of trust through external actors. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
submitted
subject
host publication
The Handbook of Peer Production
series title
Wiley Handbooks in Communication and Media Series
editor
O'neil, Mathieu; Penzold, Christian; Toupin, Sophie; ; and
publisher
Wiley
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8f18ab0b-41f0-435a-8251-8282216ce04e
date added to LUP
2019-05-02 21:10:17
date last changed
2019-05-03 07:47:01
@inbook{8f18ab0b-41f0-435a-8251-8282216ce04e,
  abstract     = {Wikis are often considered to be the core platform of peer production. This chapter delineates their most central design principles, history and affordances. Wikis are described as content management systems that allow for flexible collaboration without a defined content owner or leader. Users can modify the content and structure of documents directly in their web browser. Edits are usually archived and open to revision. This chapter pays particular attention to the most successful wiki-based system, the non-profit, online encyclopedia Wikipedia. As the chapter explains, Wikipedia actually contains a broad range of more or less individual wiki projects and has inspired a plethora of other endeavors, both open source and proprietary. The particular peer production model employed in Wikipedia is elucidated, and in the course also complicated. The chapter concludes by highlighting a number of tensions emerging from a wiki-based peer production model, between amateurs and experts, human editors and bots, lay knowledge and academic knowledge and the shaping of trust through external actors. },
  author       = {Haider, Jutta and Sundin, Olof},
  editor       = {O'neil, Mathieu and Penzold, Christian and Toupin, Sophie},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Wiley},
  series       = {Wiley Handbooks in Communication and Media Series },
  title        = {Wikipedia and Wikis},
  year         = {2019},
}