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Information Processing and Constraint Satisfaction in Wason’s Selection Task

Genot, Emmanuel LU (2012) p.153-162
Abstract
In Wason’s Selection Task, subjects: (i) process information from the instructions and build a mental representation of the problem, then: (ii) select a course of action to solve the problem,under the constraints imposed by the instructions. We analyze both aspects as part of a constraint satisfaction problem without assuming Wason’s ‘logical’ solution to be the correct one. We show that outcome of step (i) may induce mutually inconsistent constraints, causing subjects to select at step (ii) solutions that violate some of them. Our analysis explains why inconsistent constraints are

less likely disrupt non-abstract (or “thematic”) versions of the tasks, but unlike Bayesians does not posit different mechanisms in abstract and... (More)
In Wason’s Selection Task, subjects: (i) process information from the instructions and build a mental representation of the problem, then: (ii) select a course of action to solve the problem,under the constraints imposed by the instructions. We analyze both aspects as part of a constraint satisfaction problem without assuming Wason’s ‘logical’ solution to be the correct one. We show that outcome of step (i) may induce mutually inconsistent constraints, causing subjects to select at step (ii) solutions that violate some of them. Our analysis explains why inconsistent constraints are

less likely disrupt non-abstract (or “thematic”) versions of the tasks, but unlike Bayesians does not posit different mechanisms in abstract and thematic variants. We then assess the logicality of the

task, and conclude on cognitive tasks as coordination problems (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
host publication
Cognition, reasoning, emotion, Action. CogSc-12. Proceedings of the ILCLI International Workshop on Cognitive Science.
editor
Larrazabal, Jesus M. and
pages
153 - 162
publisher
University of the Basque Country Press
ISBN
978-84-9860-746-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8ffc1aed-77e1-4ed5-9a4a-0d405b14e327 (old id 3172580)
date added to LUP
2016-04-04 10:19:06
date last changed
2018-11-21 20:58:03
@inproceedings{8ffc1aed-77e1-4ed5-9a4a-0d405b14e327,
  abstract     = {In Wason’s Selection Task, subjects: (i) process information from the instructions and build a mental representation of the problem, then: (ii) select a course of action to solve the problem,under the constraints imposed by the instructions. We analyze both aspects as part of a constraint satisfaction problem without assuming Wason’s ‘logical’ solution to be the correct one. We show that outcome of step (i) may induce mutually inconsistent constraints, causing subjects to select at step (ii) solutions that violate some of them. Our analysis explains why inconsistent constraints are<br/><br>
less likely disrupt non-abstract (or “thematic”) versions of the tasks, but unlike Bayesians does not posit different mechanisms in abstract and thematic variants. We then assess the logicality of the<br/><br>
task, and conclude on cognitive tasks as coordination problems},
  author       = {Genot, Emmanuel},
  booktitle    = {Cognition, reasoning, emotion, Action. CogSc-12. Proceedings of the ILCLI International Workshop on Cognitive Science.},
  editor       = {Larrazabal, Jesus M.},
  isbn         = {978-84-9860-746-8},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {153--162},
  publisher    = {University of the Basque Country Press},
  title        = {Information Processing and Constraint Satisfaction in Wason’s Selection Task},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/5510895/3172581.pdf},
  year         = {2012},
}