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HbA1c levels in children with type 1 diabetes and correlation to diabetic retinopathy

Andreasson, Rebecka; Ekelund, Charlotte LU ; Landin-Olsson, Mona LU and Nilsson, Charlotta LU (2018) In Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism 31(4). p.369-374
Abstract

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a metabolic disease causing hyperglycemia due to β-cell destruction. Despite adequate treatment, complications such as diabetic retinopathy (DR) are common. The first aim was to investigate if acute onset of type 1 diabetes differed between those who had developed retinopathy and who had not after 15 years from diagnosis. The second aim was to investigate if mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels affect the time to development of DR. The medical records of all children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during 1993-2001 in our area in Sweden were studied retrospectively and the mean HbA1c each year until the development of retinopathy was investigated. In total 72... (More)

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a metabolic disease causing hyperglycemia due to β-cell destruction. Despite adequate treatment, complications such as diabetic retinopathy (DR) are common. The first aim was to investigate if acute onset of type 1 diabetes differed between those who had developed retinopathy and who had not after 15 years from diagnosis. The second aim was to investigate if mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels affect the time to development of DR. The medical records of all children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during 1993-2001 in our area in Sweden were studied retrospectively and the mean HbA1c each year until the development of retinopathy was investigated. In total 72 patients were included and the follow-up time was between 15 and 23 years. Gender, p-glucose, age and HbA1c at diagnosis were analyzed for possible correlations to years to retinopathy. HbA1c was significantly higher among those who had developed DR after 15 years from diagnosis, 98±9.2 (n=25) vs. 86±9.2 (n=46; p=0.025). A negative correlation was found between age at diagnosis and years to DR (rs=-0.376; p=0.026). Mean HbA1c levels at years 6-10 after diabetes diagnosis correlated significantly (rs=-0.354, p=0.037) to years until retinopathy. Mean HbA1c levels at years 1-15 after diabetes diagnosis were significantly higher at years 2-3 and years 5-8 for those who had developed retinopathy after 15 years from diagnosis. Higher HbA1c levels shortened the time to development of retinopathy. It is therefore important to keep HbA1c as close to normal as possible.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
HbA, retinopathy, type 1 diabetes
in
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
volume
31
issue
4
pages
369 - 374
publisher
Freund Publishing House Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:85043300514
ISSN
0334-018X
DOI
10.1515/jpem-2017-0417
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9060c870-4f32-474f-8590-9c12c555c610
date added to LUP
2018-04-09 14:49:24
date last changed
2018-07-10 03:00:23
@article{9060c870-4f32-474f-8590-9c12c555c610,
  abstract     = {<p>Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a metabolic disease causing hyperglycemia due to β-cell destruction. Despite adequate treatment, complications such as diabetic retinopathy (DR) are common. The first aim was to investigate if acute onset of type 1 diabetes differed between those who had developed retinopathy and who had not after 15 years from diagnosis. The second aim was to investigate if mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA<sub>1c</sub>) levels affect the time to development of DR. The medical records of all children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during 1993-2001 in our area in Sweden were studied retrospectively and the mean HbA<sub>1c</sub> each year until the development of retinopathy was investigated. In total 72 patients were included and the follow-up time was between 15 and 23 years. Gender, p-glucose, age and HbA<sub>1c</sub> at diagnosis were analyzed for possible correlations to years to retinopathy. HbA<sub>1c</sub> was significantly higher among those who had developed DR after 15 years from diagnosis, 98±9.2 (n=25) vs. 86±9.2 (n=46; p=0.025). A negative correlation was found between age at diagnosis and years to DR (r<sub>s</sub>=-0.376; p=0.026). Mean HbA<sub>1c</sub> levels at years 6-10 after diabetes diagnosis correlated significantly (r<sub>s</sub>=-0.354, p=0.037) to years until retinopathy. Mean HbA<sub>1c</sub> levels at years 1-15 after diabetes diagnosis were significantly higher at years 2-3 and years 5-8 for those who had developed retinopathy after 15 years from diagnosis. Higher HbA<sub>1c</sub> levels shortened the time to development of retinopathy. It is therefore important to keep HbA<sub>1c</sub> as close to normal as possible.</p>},
  author       = {Andreasson, Rebecka and Ekelund, Charlotte and Landin-Olsson, Mona and Nilsson, Charlotta},
  issn         = {0334-018X},
  keyword      = {HbA,retinopathy,type 1 diabetes},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {369--374},
  publisher    = {Freund Publishing House Ltd},
  series       = {Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism},
  title        = {HbA<sub>1c</sub> levels in children with type 1 diabetes and correlation to diabetic retinopathy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2017-0417},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2018},
}