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Is defensiveness associated with cognitive bias away from emotional information?

Jansson, Billy; Lundh, Lars-Gunnar LU and Oldenburg, Christian (2005) In Personality and Individual Differences 39(8). p.1373-1382
Abstract
The role of defensiveness and repressive coping style for the performance on a combined emotional Stroop and tachistoscopic identification task with masked and unmasked words was studied in a community sample. Defensiveness was associated with a decrease in Stroop interference for masked threat words, but not for unmasked threat words. The most robust results, however, were found with regard to overall test performance (independent of emotional valence). On the emotional Stroop task, high-defensive men (but not women) were faster to colour-name words in general, irrespective of emotional valence. On the tachistoscopic identification task, high-defensive women identified fewer words in general than low-defensive participants. The results... (More)
The role of defensiveness and repressive coping style for the performance on a combined emotional Stroop and tachistoscopic identification task with masked and unmasked words was studied in a community sample. Defensiveness was associated with a decrease in Stroop interference for masked threat words, but not for unmasked threat words. The most robust results, however, were found with regard to overall test performance (independent of emotional valence). On the emotional Stroop task, high-defensive men (but not women) were faster to colour-name words in general, irrespective of emotional valence. On the tachistoscopic identification task, high-defensive women identified fewer words in general than low-defensive participants. The results are discussed in terms of defensiveness being associated with (a) avoidance of emotional information at an automatic, pre-attentive level, and (b) a general avoidance of potentially emotional information that takes different form in men and women depending on possible differences in what is seen as socially desirable for the two genders (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Repressive coping style, Defensiveness, Cognitive bias, Attention
in
Personality and Individual Differences
volume
39
issue
8
pages
1373 - 1382
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000233417200004
  • scopus:27744487302
ISSN
1873-3549
DOI
10.1016/j.paid.2005.04.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f019a3d5-382b-4b9a-83e1-98df3be55f1a (old id 918397)
date added to LUP
2008-01-16 11:38:06
date last changed
2017-09-10 03:42:36
@article{f019a3d5-382b-4b9a-83e1-98df3be55f1a,
  abstract     = {The role of defensiveness and repressive coping style for the performance on a combined emotional Stroop and tachistoscopic identification task with masked and unmasked words was studied in a community sample. Defensiveness was associated with a decrease in Stroop interference for masked threat words, but not for unmasked threat words. The most robust results, however, were found with regard to overall test performance (independent of emotional valence). On the emotional Stroop task, high-defensive men (but not women) were faster to colour-name words in general, irrespective of emotional valence. On the tachistoscopic identification task, high-defensive women identified fewer words in general than low-defensive participants. The results are discussed in terms of defensiveness being associated with (a) avoidance of emotional information at an automatic, pre-attentive level, and (b) a general avoidance of potentially emotional information that takes different form in men and women depending on possible differences in what is seen as socially desirable for the two genders},
  author       = {Jansson, Billy and Lundh, Lars-Gunnar and Oldenburg, Christian},
  issn         = {1873-3549},
  keyword      = {Repressive coping style,Defensiveness,Cognitive bias,Attention},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1373--1382},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Personality and Individual Differences},
  title        = {Is defensiveness associated with cognitive bias away from emotional information?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2005.04.013},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2005},
}