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Dual Mobility Cups : Effect on Risk of Revision of Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty Due to Osteoarthritis: A Matched Population-Based Study Using the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association Database

Kreipke, Rasmus; Rogmark, Cecilia LU ; Pedersen, Alma B.; Kärrholm, Johan; Hallan, Geir; Havelin, Leif Ivar; Mäkelä, Keijo and Overgaard, Søren (2019) In The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume 101(2). p.169-176
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The dual mobility acetabular cup (DMC) was designed to reduce prosthetic instability and has gained popularity for both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). We compared the risk of revision of primary THA for primary osteoarthritis between patients treated with a DMC and those who received a metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) or ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP) bearing. METHODS: A search of the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) database identified THAs performed with a DMC during 1995 to 2013. With use of propensity score matching, 2,277 of these patients were matched (1:1), with regard to sex, age, component fixation, and year of surgery, with patients with an MoP or CoP bearing. We estimated the... (More)

BACKGROUND: The dual mobility acetabular cup (DMC) was designed to reduce prosthetic instability and has gained popularity for both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). We compared the risk of revision of primary THA for primary osteoarthritis between patients treated with a DMC and those who received a metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) or ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP) bearing. METHODS: A search of the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) database identified THAs performed with a DMC during 1995 to 2013. With use of propensity score matching, 2,277 of these patients were matched (1:1), with regard to sex, age, component fixation, and year of surgery, with patients with an MoP or CoP bearing. We estimated the cumulative incidence of revision taking death as a competing risk into consideration and performed competing risk regression with revision or death as end points. RESULTS: There was no difference in the overall risk of revision between the DMC group and the propensity-score-matched MoP/CoP group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.18; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.87 to 1.62). Patients with a DMC bearing had a lower risk of revision due to dislocation (adjusted HR = 0.09; 95% CI = 0.03 to 0.29) but a higher risk of revision caused by infection (adjusted HR = 3.20; 95% CI = 1.49 to 6.85). CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in overall risk of revision between the DMC and MoP/CoP groups. The DMCs protected against revision due to dislocation but THAs performed with this bearing were more commonly revised because of infection. There may have been a selection bias toward placing DMC implants in patients with greater frailty as the mortality rates were higher in the DMC group than in the age and sex-matched MoP/CoP group. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
volume
101
issue
2
pages
8 pages
publisher
Journal Bone Joint Surgery Inc
external identifiers
  • scopus:85060132931
ISSN
1535-1386
DOI
10.2106/JBJS.17.00841
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
91a1072f-43b2-48ce-bcbe-3bda3405059b
date added to LUP
2019-01-29 07:56:43
date last changed
2019-10-08 03:45:19
@article{91a1072f-43b2-48ce-bcbe-3bda3405059b,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: The dual mobility acetabular cup (DMC) was designed to reduce prosthetic instability and has gained popularity for both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). We compared the risk of revision of primary THA for primary osteoarthritis between patients treated with a DMC and those who received a metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) or ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP) bearing. METHODS: A search of the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) database identified THAs performed with a DMC during 1995 to 2013. With use of propensity score matching, 2,277 of these patients were matched (1:1), with regard to sex, age, component fixation, and year of surgery, with patients with an MoP or CoP bearing. We estimated the cumulative incidence of revision taking death as a competing risk into consideration and performed competing risk regression with revision or death as end points. RESULTS: There was no difference in the overall risk of revision between the DMC group and the propensity-score-matched MoP/CoP group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.18; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.87 to 1.62). Patients with a DMC bearing had a lower risk of revision due to dislocation (adjusted HR = 0.09; 95% CI = 0.03 to 0.29) but a higher risk of revision caused by infection (adjusted HR = 3.20; 95% CI = 1.49 to 6.85). CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in overall risk of revision between the DMC and MoP/CoP groups. The DMCs protected against revision due to dislocation but THAs performed with this bearing were more commonly revised because of infection. There may have been a selection bias toward placing DMC implants in patients with greater frailty as the mortality rates were higher in the DMC group than in the age and sex-matched MoP/CoP group. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.</p>},
  author       = {Kreipke, Rasmus and Rogmark, Cecilia and Pedersen, Alma B. and Kärrholm, Johan and Hallan, Geir and Havelin, Leif Ivar and Mäkelä, Keijo and Overgaard, Søren},
  issn         = {1535-1386},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {169--176},
  publisher    = {Journal Bone Joint Surgery Inc},
  series       = {The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume},
  title        = {Dual Mobility Cups : Effect on Risk of Revision of Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty Due to Osteoarthritis: A Matched Population-Based Study Using the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association Database},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.17.00841},
  volume       = {101},
  year         = {2019},
}