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Psychosocial Treatment for Drug Dependence

Fridell, Mats LU (2003) In Treating Alcohol and Drug Abuse - An evidence based review p.325-404
Abstract
All randomized controlled studies published in international peer-reviewed journals up to July 1999 were meta-analysed with the aim of studying the effect of psychosocial interventions on patients with drug dependence. Systematic literature searches were administered by SBU. In all 104 studies were screened and rated according to the 12 dimension quality score of SBU. The analyses in the chapter studied the effects on drug abuse and retention and aimed at specific domains of research; 1) efficacy of treatment of opiate abuse/ depen¬dence (n=24) containing 5.721 patients, 2) of cocaine abuse/dependence, 26 studies with 5.956 patients), 3) cannabis abuse, (7 studies with 707 patients), 4) of treatment methods for patients with mental illness... (More)
All randomized controlled studies published in international peer-reviewed journals up to July 1999 were meta-analysed with the aim of studying the effect of psychosocial interventions on patients with drug dependence. Systematic literature searches were administered by SBU. In all 104 studies were screened and rated according to the 12 dimension quality score of SBU. The analyses in the chapter studied the effects on drug abuse and retention and aimed at specific domains of research; 1) efficacy of treatment of opiate abuse/ depen¬dence (n=24) containing 5.721 patients, 2) of cocaine abuse/dependence, 26 studies with 5.956 patients), 3) cannabis abuse, (7 studies with 707 patients), 4) of treatment methods for patients with mental illness and (9 studies), 5) residential treatment containing 9 studies and 4.867 patients, 6) finally for structure interventions with other outcome measures than drug use, 5 studies with 461 patients. A clinical methodological model elaborated from Wolberg´s (1988) classification, divided the interventions into three groups: ranging in therapist skills, goals and costs from a) supportive, b) reeducational to c) psychotherapeutic intervenetions. Effect sizes were calcylated using Hedge´s d and groups of interventions were weighted with the root of the variance. In opiate abuse re-educational and psycho-therapeutic interventions had a significant but low Wd of .23 and .29 respectively. Re-educational interventions only gained a significant but low effect size of Wd = .24 in treatment of cocaine abuse. Family therapies finally were efficient in the treatment of teenage cannabis abusers in with an intact family network. Supportive interventions, generally, were not effective. For retention as outcome measure, finally, psychotherapies had a significant medium effect size in retention of opiate abuse (Wd= .56, n=3.380) and a low but significant positive effect size in retention of cocaine abuse (Wd= .30, n=3.381). (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Treating Alcohol and Drug Abuse - An evidence based review
editor
Berglund, Mats; Thelander, Sten and Jonsson, Egon
pages
325 - 404
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
ISBN
978-3-527-30682-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c25b75b4-6c06-4cfd-8194-b4716b0ff452 (old id 927894)
date added to LUP
2008-02-01 16:03:05
date last changed
2016-04-16 10:26:03
@inbook{c25b75b4-6c06-4cfd-8194-b4716b0ff452,
  abstract     = {All randomized controlled studies published in international peer-reviewed journals up to July 1999 were meta-analysed with the aim of studying the effect of psychosocial interventions on patients with drug dependence. Systematic literature searches were administered by SBU. In all 104 studies were screened and rated according to the 12 dimension quality score of SBU. The analyses in the chapter studied the effects on drug abuse and retention and aimed at specific domains of research; 1) efficacy of treatment of opiate abuse/ depen¬dence (n=24) containing 5.721 patients, 2) of cocaine abuse/dependence, 26 studies with 5.956 patients), 3) cannabis abuse, (7 studies with 707 patients), 4) of treatment methods for patients with mental illness and (9 studies), 5) residential treatment containing 9 studies and 4.867 patients, 6) finally for structure interventions with other outcome measures than drug use, 5 studies with 461 patients. A clinical methodological model elaborated from Wolberg´s (1988) classification, divided the interventions into three groups: ranging in therapist skills, goals and costs from a) supportive, b) reeducational to c) psychotherapeutic intervenetions. Effect sizes were calcylated using Hedge´s d and groups of interventions were weighted with the root of the variance. In opiate abuse re-educational and psycho-therapeutic interventions had a significant but low Wd of .23 and .29 respectively. Re-educational interventions only gained a significant but low effect size of Wd = .24 in treatment of cocaine abuse. Family therapies finally were efficient in the treatment of teenage cannabis abusers in with an intact family network. Supportive interventions, generally, were not effective. For retention as outcome measure, finally, psychotherapies had a significant medium effect size in retention of opiate abuse (Wd= .56, n=3.380) and a low but significant positive effect size in retention of cocaine abuse (Wd= .30, n=3.381).},
  author       = {Fridell, Mats},
  editor       = {Berglund, Mats and Thelander, Sten and Jonsson, Egon},
  isbn         = {978-3-527-30682-4},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {325--404},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Treating Alcohol and Drug Abuse - An evidence based review},
  title        = {Psychosocial Treatment for Drug Dependence},
  year         = {2003},
}