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Benefits of ICT in the construction industry - characterization of the present situation in house-building processes

Molnar, Miklos LU ; Andersson, Ronny LU and Ekholm, Anders LU (2007) 24th W78 Conference Maribor 2007 In Proceedings of the W78 Conference, Maribor 2007 p.423-428
Abstract
Departing from the hypothesis that R&D within ICT plays an essential role in the transformation of the construction sector from a traditional to an industrialised process, a joint Swedish and French project has been carried out (to be completed in April 2007) to assess the short and medium term possibilities to improve efficiency and quality in multi-storey house-building. This paper describes today’s use of ICT (situation as-is) in Swedish multi-storey house-building projects and identifies a number of key development areas. The research was carried out through steps including statistical analyses of market data, a case study, a survey with active developers working with R&D in the field of ICT and workshops with construction... (More)
Departing from the hypothesis that R&D within ICT plays an essential role in the transformation of the construction sector from a traditional to an industrialised process, a joint Swedish and French project has been carried out (to be completed in April 2007) to assess the short and medium term possibilities to improve efficiency and quality in multi-storey house-building. This paper describes today’s use of ICT (situation as-is) in Swedish multi-storey house-building projects and identifies a number of key development areas. The research was carried out through steps including statistical analyses of market data, a case study, a survey with active developers working with R&D in the field of ICT and workshops with construction industry representatives and researchers.



Typically, Swedish multi-storey house-building projects are carried out as isolated projects, involving 15 designers, 20 subcontractors and 40 material suppliers. Relations between most of the project participants are ad-hoc. ICT-use is regulated by the architect’s CAD manual regarding layer structures, routines for information exchange during design, use of a project network, hardware, software and filing. 2D CAD is the predominant design tool. ICT is widely used for administrative purposes, especially by the large contractors. Information transfer between participants in and between different stages of the project is inefficient and redundant information is created. Transfer of information is often carried out manually.



Computer aided design, interoperability, virtual reality, cooperation and ICT-policies, the product definition process, use of systems products, quantity take-off and reuse of experience are identified as development areas where ICT can play an important role to improve productivity and quality. Highest potential to achieve improvement by immediate uptake is attributed by the survey persons to computer aided design, interoperability and reuse of experience. A time span of 2 - 5 years is needed to obtain benefits by more efficient cooperation and ICT-policies and rational quantity take-off. (Less)
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author
organization
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
information and communication technology (ICT)., industrialization, KstrIT, house-building, Construction processes
in
Proceedings of the W78 Conference, Maribor 2007
pages
423 - 428
conference name
24th W78 Conference Maribor 2007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
402c1b26-e4e5-4e80-a2fc-c3a31eb6a4fa (old id 935306)
alternative location
http://itc.scix.net/data/works/att/w78-2007-063-135-Molnr.pdf
date added to LUP
2008-01-21 12:44:41
date last changed
2016-04-16 12:00:10
@inproceedings{402c1b26-e4e5-4e80-a2fc-c3a31eb6a4fa,
  abstract     = {Departing from the hypothesis that R&amp;D within ICT plays an essential role in the transformation of the construction sector from a traditional to an industrialised process, a joint Swedish and French project has been carried out (to be completed in April 2007) to assess the short and medium term possibilities to improve efficiency and quality in multi-storey house-building. This paper describes today’s use of ICT (situation as-is) in Swedish multi-storey house-building projects and identifies a number of key development areas. The research was carried out through steps including statistical analyses of market data, a case study, a survey with active developers working with R&amp;D in the field of ICT and workshops with construction industry representatives and researchers.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Typically, Swedish multi-storey house-building projects are carried out as isolated projects, involving 15 designers, 20 subcontractors and 40 material suppliers. Relations between most of the project participants are ad-hoc. ICT-use is regulated by the architect’s CAD manual regarding layer structures, routines for information exchange during design, use of a project network, hardware, software and filing. 2D CAD is the predominant design tool. ICT is widely used for administrative purposes, especially by the large contractors. Information transfer between participants in and between different stages of the project is inefficient and redundant information is created. Transfer of information is often carried out manually. <br/><br>
<br/><br>
Computer aided design, interoperability, virtual reality, cooperation and ICT-policies, the product definition process, use of systems products, quantity take-off and reuse of experience are identified as development areas where ICT can play an important role to improve productivity and quality. Highest potential to achieve improvement by immediate uptake is attributed by the survey persons to computer aided design, interoperability and reuse of experience. A time span of 2 - 5 years is needed to obtain benefits by more efficient cooperation and ICT-policies and rational quantity take-off.},
  author       = {Molnar, Miklos and Andersson, Ronny and Ekholm, Anders},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the W78 Conference, Maribor 2007},
  keyword      = {information and communication technology (ICT).,industrialization,KstrIT,house-building,Construction processes},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {423--428},
  title        = {Benefits of ICT in the construction industry - characterization of the present situation in house-building processes},
  year         = {2007},
}