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Attention, habituation and conditioning: toward a computational model

Balkenius, Christian LU (2000) In Cognitive Science Quarterly 1(2). p.171-214
Abstract
Is attention a purely perceptual process or is it in any way related to motor control? The aim of this article is to show that attention puts similar demands on a cognitive system as motor control and present evidence supporting the view that similar mechanisms operate in the two processes. A computational model of attention is presented that uses habituation as well as classical and instrumental conditioning to explain a number of attentional processes. Evidence from neurophysiology is reviewed that suggest that attention is controlled in a way similar to actions. This view makes it possible to adapt traditional learning theoretical mechanisms to the control of attention. Computer simulations are presented that illustrates the operation... (More)
Is attention a purely perceptual process or is it in any way related to motor control? The aim of this article is to show that attention puts similar demands on a cognitive system as motor control and present evidence supporting the view that similar mechanisms operate in the two processes. A computational model of attention is presented that uses habituation as well as classical and instrumental conditioning to explain a number of attentional processes. Evidence from neurophysiology is reviewed that suggest that attention is controlled in a way similar to actions. This view makes it possible to adapt traditional learning theoretical mechanisms to the control of attention. Computer simulations are presented that illustrates the operation of the model. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Cognitive Science Quarterly
volume
1
issue
2
pages
171 - 214
ISSN
1466-6553
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cc4bb6d0-07fc-4644-ac70-bfc3c49a8837 (old id 949457)
date added to LUP
2008-01-25 08:41:50
date last changed
2016-04-16 06:32:57
@article{cc4bb6d0-07fc-4644-ac70-bfc3c49a8837,
  abstract     = {Is attention a purely perceptual process or is it in any way related to motor control? The aim of this article is to show that attention puts similar demands on a cognitive system as motor control and present evidence supporting the view that similar mechanisms operate in the two processes. A computational model of attention is presented that uses habituation as well as classical and instrumental conditioning to explain a number of attentional processes. Evidence from neurophysiology is reviewed that suggest that attention is controlled in a way similar to actions. This view makes it possible to adapt traditional learning theoretical mechanisms to the control of attention. Computer simulations are presented that illustrates the operation of the model.},
  author       = {Balkenius, Christian},
  issn         = {1466-6553},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {171--214},
  series       = {Cognitive Science Quarterly},
  title        = {Attention, habituation and conditioning: toward a computational model},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2000},
}