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The effect of local land-use changes on floristic diversity during the past 1000 years in southern Sweden

Fredh, Daniel LU ; Mazier, Florence LU ; Bragée, Petra LU ; Lagerås, Per LU ; Rundgren, Mats LU ; Hammarlund, Dan LU and Broström, Anna LU (2017) In Holocene 27(5). p.694-711
Abstract

The relationship between land-use and floristic diversity in the landscape, for the last millennia, is analysed from two small lakes in southern Sweden. Pollen analysis and the Local Vegetation Estimates (LOVE) model are used to quantify land-cover at local scales with 100-year time windows. Floristic richness is estimated using palynological richness, and we introduce LOVE-based evenness as a proxy for floristic evenness on a local scale based on the LOVE output. The results reveal a dynamic land-use pattern, with agricultural expansion during the 13th century, a partly abandoned landscape around AD 1400, re-establishment during the 15th–17th centuries and a transition from traditional to modern land-use during the 20th century. We... (More)

The relationship between land-use and floristic diversity in the landscape, for the last millennia, is analysed from two small lakes in southern Sweden. Pollen analysis and the Local Vegetation Estimates (LOVE) model are used to quantify land-cover at local scales with 100-year time windows. Floristic richness is estimated using palynological richness, and we introduce LOVE-based evenness as a proxy for floristic evenness on a local scale based on the LOVE output. The results reveal a dynamic land-use pattern, with agricultural expansion during the 13th century, a partly abandoned landscape around AD 1400, re-establishment during the 15th–17th centuries and a transition from traditional to modern land-use during the 20th century. We suggest that the more heterogeneous landscape and the more dynamic land-use during the 13th–19th centuries were of substantial importance for achieving the high floristic diversity that characterises the traditional landscape. Pollen-based studies of this type are helpful in identifying landscape characteristics and land-use practices that are important for floristic diversity and may therefore guide the development of ecosystem management strategies aiming at mitigating the on-going loss of species seen in the landscape of southern Sweden and many other regions worldwide.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
ecosystem management, floristic diversity, land-use changes, late-Holocene, Local Vegetation Estimates model, pollen analysis, southern Sweden
in
Holocene
volume
27
issue
5
pages
18 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:85019047236
  • wos:000400735600006
ISSN
0959-6836
DOI
10.1177/0959683616670464
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
96247b64-3dd1-49ca-b0c3-c630967aaba3
date added to LUP
2017-06-08 08:17:44
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:39:13
@article{96247b64-3dd1-49ca-b0c3-c630967aaba3,
  abstract     = {<p>The relationship between land-use and floristic diversity in the landscape, for the last millennia, is analysed from two small lakes in southern Sweden. Pollen analysis and the Local Vegetation Estimates (LOVE) model are used to quantify land-cover at local scales with 100-year time windows. Floristic richness is estimated using palynological richness, and we introduce LOVE-based evenness as a proxy for floristic evenness on a local scale based on the LOVE output. The results reveal a dynamic land-use pattern, with agricultural expansion during the 13th century, a partly abandoned landscape around AD 1400, re-establishment during the 15th–17th centuries and a transition from traditional to modern land-use during the 20th century. We suggest that the more heterogeneous landscape and the more dynamic land-use during the 13th–19th centuries were of substantial importance for achieving the high floristic diversity that characterises the traditional landscape. Pollen-based studies of this type are helpful in identifying landscape characteristics and land-use practices that are important for floristic diversity and may therefore guide the development of ecosystem management strategies aiming at mitigating the on-going loss of species seen in the landscape of southern Sweden and many other regions worldwide.</p>},
  author       = {Fredh, Daniel and Mazier, Florence and Bragée, Petra and Lagerås, Per and Rundgren, Mats and Hammarlund, Dan and Broström, Anna},
  issn         = {0959-6836},
  keyword      = {ecosystem management,floristic diversity,land-use changes,late-Holocene,Local Vegetation Estimates model,pollen analysis,southern Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {694--711},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Holocene},
  title        = {The effect of local land-use changes on floristic diversity during the past 1000 years in southern Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959683616670464},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2017},
}