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Back pain is more frequent in girls and in children with scoliosis in the context of cerebral palsy

Hägglund, Gunnar LU ; Czuba, Tomasz LU and Alriksson-Schmidt, Ann I. LU (2019) In Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Abstract

Aim: To investigate the prevalence of general and back pain in children with cerebral palsy and the relationships between scoliosis and back pain. Methods: Cross-sectional register study based on data from the Swedish Cerebral Palsy Follow-Up Programme. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression to regress age, sex, gross motor function, windswept, hip extension and source of report on the presence of pain. Results: The study included 3783 children (58% boys) 1-18 (mean 10.0) years of age. General pain was reported in 1538 (44% girls, 38% boys) and back pain in 226 (7% girls, 5% boys) children. The proportion of back pain increased from <4% prior to age 12 years to >12% from 16 years of age. Back pain increased from 4% in... (More)

Aim: To investigate the prevalence of general and back pain in children with cerebral palsy and the relationships between scoliosis and back pain. Methods: Cross-sectional register study based on data from the Swedish Cerebral Palsy Follow-Up Programme. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression to regress age, sex, gross motor function, windswept, hip extension and source of report on the presence of pain. Results: The study included 3783 children (58% boys) 1-18 (mean 10.0) years of age. General pain was reported in 1538 (44% girls, 38% boys) and back pain in 226 (7% girls, 5% boys) children. The proportion of back pain increased from <4% prior to age 12 years to >12% from 16 years of age. Back pain increased from 4% in children without scoliosis to 16% in children with severe scoliosis. Moderate/severe back pain increased from 2% in children without scoliosis to 10% in children with severe scoliosis. Increased odds of reporting back pain were found for age, girls, low gross motor function and children with scoliosis. Conclusion: The proportion of children with general pain increased with age and was more frequent in girls. Age, female sex, low gross motor function and scoliosis were significant predictors of back pain.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
cerebral palsy, children, pain, scoliosis
in
Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • pmid:31218743
  • scopus:85068937116
ISSN
0803-5253
DOI
10.1111/apa.14909
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
982a7bb1-d7c2-4a80-938f-811b6831b218
date added to LUP
2019-07-26 14:54:47
date last changed
2019-11-25 09:33:24
@article{982a7bb1-d7c2-4a80-938f-811b6831b218,
  abstract     = {<p>Aim: To investigate the prevalence of general and back pain in children with cerebral palsy and the relationships between scoliosis and back pain. Methods: Cross-sectional register study based on data from the Swedish Cerebral Palsy Follow-Up Programme. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression to regress age, sex, gross motor function, windswept, hip extension and source of report on the presence of pain. Results: The study included 3783 children (58% boys) 1-18 (mean 10.0) years of age. General pain was reported in 1538 (44% girls, 38% boys) and back pain in 226 (7% girls, 5% boys) children. The proportion of back pain increased from &lt;4% prior to age 12 years to &gt;12% from 16 years of age. Back pain increased from 4% in children without scoliosis to 16% in children with severe scoliosis. Moderate/severe back pain increased from 2% in children without scoliosis to 10% in children with severe scoliosis. Increased odds of reporting back pain were found for age, girls, low gross motor function and children with scoliosis. Conclusion: The proportion of children with general pain increased with age and was more frequent in girls. Age, female sex, low gross motor function and scoliosis were significant predictors of back pain.</p>},
  author       = {Hägglund, Gunnar and Czuba, Tomasz and Alriksson-Schmidt, Ann I.},
  issn         = {0803-5253},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics},
  title        = {Back pain is more frequent in girls and in children with scoliosis in the context of cerebral palsy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14909},
  doi          = {10.1111/apa.14909},
  year         = {2019},
}