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Retainers and retirement : Pieter Bruegel (†1566), pensioner in Sint-Janshuis retirement home, Bergen op Zoom

Zuijderduijn, Jaco LU (2018) In Lund Papers in Economic History. General Issues
Abstract
In 1553-1554 one Pieter Bruegel purchased a corrody in Sint-Janshuis, a retirement home for former employees of the Marquises of Bergen, where he would receive necessities of life and a place to stay until he would pass away. The paper reconstructs the early financial history of the retirement home, demonstrating how it was unable to cope with inflation, and struggled to provide for the inmates. It is suggested therefore Bruegel did not merely retire into Sint-Janshuis, but purchased an extra ration of food, clothes and fuel: apparently his background as a barber-surgeon at one of the most prestigious courts of the Low Countries allowed him to pay for a relatively decent old age. Further evidence corroborates that compared to his... (More)
In 1553-1554 one Pieter Bruegel purchased a corrody in Sint-Janshuis, a retirement home for former employees of the Marquises of Bergen, where he would receive necessities of life and a place to stay until he would pass away. The paper reconstructs the early financial history of the retirement home, demonstrating how it was unable to cope with inflation, and struggled to provide for the inmates. It is suggested therefore Bruegel did not merely retire into Sint-Janshuis, but purchased an extra ration of food, clothes and fuel: apparently his background as a barber-surgeon at one of the most prestigious courts of the Low Countries allowed him to pay for a relatively decent old age. Further evidence corroborates that compared to his fellow-inmates, Bruegel was relatively wealthy. The paper also discusses evidence linking the barber-surgeon to the painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder, whose origins are almost completely unknown. Based on his name, estimated year of birth, and residence in Bergen op Zoom, the barber-surgeon is a strong candidate for the father of the famous painter. If we are correct in this, the latter would have come from an urban middle-class background with close ties to one of the most important courts in the Low Countries: the Renaissance palace Markiezenhof in Bergen op Zoom. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Working Paper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Retirement, Investment Behaviour, Financial History, Art History, G230, N23, N83, N93
in
Lund Papers in Economic History. General Issues
issue
2018:174
pages
19 pages
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
989f7e8b-da5d-404c-ae12-fcaec7d81141
date added to LUP
2018-04-13 10:20:47
date last changed
2018-11-21 21:39:19
@misc{989f7e8b-da5d-404c-ae12-fcaec7d81141,
  abstract     = {In 1553-1554 one Pieter Bruegel purchased a corrody in Sint-Janshuis, a retirement home for former employees of the Marquises of Bergen, where he would receive necessities of life and a place to stay until he would pass away. The paper reconstructs the early financial history of the retirement home, demonstrating how it was unable to cope with inflation, and struggled to provide for the inmates. It is suggested therefore Bruegel did not merely retire into Sint-Janshuis, but purchased an extra ration of food, clothes and fuel: apparently his background as a barber-surgeon at one of the most prestigious courts of the Low Countries allowed him to pay for a relatively decent old age. Further evidence corroborates that compared to his fellow-inmates, Bruegel was relatively wealthy. The paper also discusses evidence linking the barber-surgeon to the painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder, whose origins are almost completely unknown. Based on his name, estimated year of birth, and residence in Bergen op Zoom, the barber-surgeon is a strong candidate for the father of the famous painter. If we are correct in this, the latter would have come from an urban middle-class background with close ties to one of the most important courts in the Low Countries: the Renaissance palace Markiezenhof in Bergen op Zoom.},
  author       = {Zuijderduijn, Jaco},
  keyword      = {Retirement,Investment Behaviour,Financial History,Art History,G230,N23,N83, N93},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Working Paper},
  number       = {2018:174},
  pages        = {19},
  series       = {Lund Papers in Economic History.  General Issues},
  title        = {Retainers and retirement : Pieter Bruegel (†1566), pensioner in Sint-Janshuis retirement home, Bergen op Zoom},
  year         = {2018},
}