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Scrutinizing the relationship between adaptation and resilience : Longitudinal comparative case studies across shocks in two Nepalese villages

Phudoma, Lama LU ; Becker, Per LU and Bergström, Johan LU (2017) In International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 23. p.193-203
Abstract

Growing concerns regarding the vulnerability of communities to natural disasters and climate-related hazards and risks have caused attention to be increasingly directed towards adaptation and resilience as important policy prescriptions. These two concepts are commonly becoming normative when used in this context and seen as intrinsically linked to each other, i.e. adaptation leads to resilience and resilience is a property needed for having capacity to adapt. If not having positive outcomes, it is instead often referred to as maladaptation. The aim of this study is to scrutinize the relationship between adaptation and resilience with reference to two Nepalese villages, Khumjung and Ingla, which recently experienced earthquake and pest... (More)

Growing concerns regarding the vulnerability of communities to natural disasters and climate-related hazards and risks have caused attention to be increasingly directed towards adaptation and resilience as important policy prescriptions. These two concepts are commonly becoming normative when used in this context and seen as intrinsically linked to each other, i.e. adaptation leads to resilience and resilience is a property needed for having capacity to adapt. If not having positive outcomes, it is instead often referred to as maladaptation. The aim of this study is to scrutinize the relationship between adaptation and resilience with reference to two Nepalese villages, Khumjung and Ingla, which recently experienced earthquake and pest attacks on crops, respectively. It does so through longitudinal comparative case studies based on data mainly collected through qualitative interviews with residents and other key respondents before and after shocks. The results indicate that applying the concepts of adaptation and resilience in the context of risk and sustainable development requires: (1) explicit consideration of values, goals and aspirations, (2) explicit spatial and scalar delineations of the system we are considering, and (3) explicit definition of the timeframe in mind. The article therefore advice against any universal normative claims that certain adjustments are adaptive or maladaptive, and that they will or will not lead to resilience.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Adaptation, Community, Nepal, Resilience, Shocks
in
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
volume
23
pages
11 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85019589745
  • wos:000403533600020
ISSN
2212-4209
DOI
10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.04.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
994c99eb-7604-4b71-8379-5eee818ba8f7
date added to LUP
2017-06-08 11:59:27
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:39:28
@article{994c99eb-7604-4b71-8379-5eee818ba8f7,
  abstract     = {<p>Growing concerns regarding the vulnerability of communities to natural disasters and climate-related hazards and risks have caused attention to be increasingly directed towards adaptation and resilience as important policy prescriptions. These two concepts are commonly becoming normative when used in this context and seen as intrinsically linked to each other, i.e. adaptation leads to resilience and resilience is a property needed for having capacity to adapt. If not having positive outcomes, it is instead often referred to as maladaptation. The aim of this study is to scrutinize the relationship between adaptation and resilience with reference to two Nepalese villages, Khumjung and Ingla, which recently experienced earthquake and pest attacks on crops, respectively. It does so through longitudinal comparative case studies based on data mainly collected through qualitative interviews with residents and other key respondents before and after shocks. The results indicate that applying the concepts of adaptation and resilience in the context of risk and sustainable development requires: (1) explicit consideration of values, goals and aspirations, (2) explicit spatial and scalar delineations of the system we are considering, and (3) explicit definition of the timeframe in mind. The article therefore advice against any universal normative claims that certain adjustments are adaptive or maladaptive, and that they will or will not lead to resilience.</p>},
  author       = {Phudoma, Lama and Becker, Per and Bergström, Johan},
  issn         = {2212-4209},
  keyword      = {Adaptation,Community,Nepal,Resilience,Shocks},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  pages        = {193--203},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction},
  title        = {Scrutinizing the relationship between adaptation and resilience : Longitudinal comparative case studies across shocks in two Nepalese villages},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.04.010},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2017},
}