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Neighbourhood non-employment and daily smoking: a population-based study of women and men in Sweden

Ohlander, E ; Vikstrom, M ; Lindström, Martin LU and Sundquist, K (2006) In European Journal of Public Health 16(1). p.78-84
Abstract
Background: To examine whether neighbourhood non-employment is associated with daily smoking after adjustment for individual characteristics, such as employment status. Methods: Cross-sectional study of a simple, random sample of 31,164 women and men aged 25-64, representative of the entire population in Sweden. Data were collected from the years 1993-2000. The individual variables included age, sex, employment status, occupation and housing tenure. Logistic regression was used in the analysis with neighbourhood non-employment rates measured at small area market statistics level. Results: There was a significant association between neighbourhood non-employment rates and daily smoking for both women and men. After adjustment for employment... (More)
Background: To examine whether neighbourhood non-employment is associated with daily smoking after adjustment for individual characteristics, such as employment status. Methods: Cross-sectional study of a simple, random sample of 31,164 women and men aged 25-64, representative of the entire population in Sweden. Data were collected from the years 1993-2000. The individual variables included age, sex, employment status, occupation and housing tenure. Logistic regression was used in the analysis with neighbourhood non-employment rates measured at small area market statistics level. Results: There was a significant association between neighbourhood non-employment rates and daily smoking for both women and men. After adjustment for employment status and housing tenure the odds ratios of daily smoking were 1.39 (95% CI = 1.22-1.58) for women and 1.41 (95% CI = 1.23-1.61) for men living in neighbourhoods with the highest non-employment rates. The individual variables of unemployment, low occupational level and renting were associated with daily smoking. Conclusion: Neighbourhood non-employment is associated with daily smoking. Smoking prevention in primary health care should address both individuals and neighbourhoods. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
CHD risk factors, non-employment, smoking, primary care, neighbourhoods
in
European Journal of Public Health
volume
16
issue
1
pages
78 - 84
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000235278300015
  • pmid:16446302
  • scopus:32244441531
  • pmid:16446302
ISSN
1101-1262
DOI
10.1093/eurpub/cki047
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
99a6eb2b-a92a-4063-88da-21583b4d18cb (old id 417871)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 12:32:36
date last changed
2019-12-01 04:00:43
@article{99a6eb2b-a92a-4063-88da-21583b4d18cb,
  abstract     = {Background: To examine whether neighbourhood non-employment is associated with daily smoking after adjustment for individual characteristics, such as employment status. Methods: Cross-sectional study of a simple, random sample of 31,164 women and men aged 25-64, representative of the entire population in Sweden. Data were collected from the years 1993-2000. The individual variables included age, sex, employment status, occupation and housing tenure. Logistic regression was used in the analysis with neighbourhood non-employment rates measured at small area market statistics level. Results: There was a significant association between neighbourhood non-employment rates and daily smoking for both women and men. After adjustment for employment status and housing tenure the odds ratios of daily smoking were 1.39 (95% CI = 1.22-1.58) for women and 1.41 (95% CI = 1.23-1.61) for men living in neighbourhoods with the highest non-employment rates. The individual variables of unemployment, low occupational level and renting were associated with daily smoking. Conclusion: Neighbourhood non-employment is associated with daily smoking. Smoking prevention in primary health care should address both individuals and neighbourhoods.},
  author       = {Ohlander, E and Vikstrom, M and Lindström, Martin and Sundquist, K},
  issn         = {1101-1262},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {78--84},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {European Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Neighbourhood non-employment and daily smoking: a population-based study of women and men in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cki047},
  doi          = {10.1093/eurpub/cki047},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2006},
}