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Precision electroweak measurements on the Z resonance

Schael, S; Barate, R; Bruneliere, R; Buskulic, D; De Bonis, I; Decamp, D; Ghez, P; Goy, C; Jezequel, S and Lees, JP, et al. (2006) In Physics Reports 427(5-6). p.257-454
Abstract
We report on the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP. The data consist of 17 million Z decays accumulated by the ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL experiments at LEP, and 600 thousand Z decays by the SLID experiment using a polarised beam at SLC. The measurements include cross-sections, forward-backward asymmetries and polarised asymmetries. The mass and width of the Z boson, m(Z) and Gamma(Z), and its couplings to fermions, for example the p parameter and the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons, are precisely measured: m(Z) = 91.1875 +/- 0.0021 GeV, Gamma(Z) = 2.4952 +/- 0.0023 GeV, rho(l) = 1.0050 +/- 0.0010,... (More)
We report on the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP. The data consist of 17 million Z decays accumulated by the ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL experiments at LEP, and 600 thousand Z decays by the SLID experiment using a polarised beam at SLC. The measurements include cross-sections, forward-backward asymmetries and polarised asymmetries. The mass and width of the Z boson, m(Z) and Gamma(Z), and its couplings to fermions, for example the p parameter and the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons, are precisely measured: m(Z) = 91.1875 +/- 0.0021 GeV, Gamma(Z) = 2.4952 +/- 0.0023 GeV, rho(l) = 1.0050 +/- 0.0010, sin(2)theta(eff)(lept) = 0.23153 +/- 0.00016. The number of light neutrino species is determined to be 2.9840 +/- 0.0082, in agreement with the three observed generations of fundamental fermions. The results are compared to the predictions of the Standard Model (SM). At the Z-pole, electroweak radiative corrections beyond the running of the QED and QCD coupling constants are observed with a significance of five standard deviations, and in agreement with the Standard Model. Of the many Z-pole measurements, the forward-backward asymmetry in b-quark production shows the largest difference with respect to its SM expectation, at the level of 2.8 standard deviations. Through radiative corrections evaluated in the framework of the Standard Model, the Z-pole data are also used to predict the mass of the top quark, m(t) = 173(+10)(+13) GeV, and the mass of the W boson, m(W) = 80.363 +/- 0.032 GeV. These indirect constraints are compared to the direct measurements, providing a stringent test of the SM. Using in addition the direct measurements of m(t) and m(W), the mass of the as yet unobserved SM Higgs boson is predicted with a relative uncertainty of about 50% and found to be less than 285 GeV at 95% confidence level. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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Physics Reports
volume
427
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5-6
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257 - 454
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Elsevier
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  • scopus:33645546123
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0370-1573
DOI
10.1016/j.physrep.2005.12.006
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English
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@article{9caa2585-87e8-49b3-9b66-4178b0259583,
  abstract     = {We report on the final electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the Z resonance by the experiments operating at the electron-positron colliders SLC and LEP. The data consist of 17 million Z decays accumulated by the ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL experiments at LEP, and 600 thousand Z decays by the SLID experiment using a polarised beam at SLC. The measurements include cross-sections, forward-backward asymmetries and polarised asymmetries. The mass and width of the Z boson, m(Z) and Gamma(Z), and its couplings to fermions, for example the p parameter and the effective electroweak mixing angle for leptons, are precisely measured: m(Z) = 91.1875 +/- 0.0021 GeV, Gamma(Z) = 2.4952 +/- 0.0023 GeV, rho(l) = 1.0050 +/- 0.0010, sin(2)theta(eff)(lept) = 0.23153 +/- 0.00016. The number of light neutrino species is determined to be 2.9840 +/- 0.0082, in agreement with the three observed generations of fundamental fermions. The results are compared to the predictions of the Standard Model (SM). At the Z-pole, electroweak radiative corrections beyond the running of the QED and QCD coupling constants are observed with a significance of five standard deviations, and in agreement with the Standard Model. Of the many Z-pole measurements, the forward-backward asymmetry in b-quark production shows the largest difference with respect to its SM expectation, at the level of 2.8 standard deviations. Through radiative corrections evaluated in the framework of the Standard Model, the Z-pole data are also used to predict the mass of the top quark, m(t) = 173(+10)(+13) GeV, and the mass of the W boson, m(W) = 80.363 +/- 0.032 GeV. These indirect constraints are compared to the direct measurements, providing a stringent test of the SM. Using in addition the direct measurements of m(t) and m(W), the mass of the as yet unobserved SM Higgs boson is predicted with a relative uncertainty of about 50% and found to be less than 285 GeV at 95% confidence level. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Schael, S and Barate, R and Bruneliere, R and Buskulic, D and De Bonis, I and Decamp, D and Ghez, P and Goy, C and Jezequel, S and Lees, JP and Lucotte, A and Martin, F and Merle, E and Minard, MN and Nief, JY and Odier, P and Pietrzyk, B and Trocme, B and Bravo, S and Casado, MP and Chmeissani, M and Comas, P and Crespo, JM and Fernandez, E and Fernandez-Bosman, M and Garrido, L and Grauges, E and Juste, A and Martinez, M and Merino, G and Miquel, R and Mir, LM and Orteu, S and Pacheco, A and Park, IC and Perlas, J and Riu, I and Ruiz, H and Sanchez, F and Colaleo, A and Creanza, D and De Filippis, N and de Palma, M and Iaselli, G and Maggi, G and Maggi, M and Nuzzo, S and Ranieri, A and Raso, G and Ruggieri, F and Selvaggi, G and Silvestris, L and Tempesta, P and Tricomi, A and Zito, G and Huang, X and Lin, J and Ouyang, Q and Wang, T and Xie, Y and Xu, R and Xue, S and Zhang, J and Zhang, L and Zhao, W and Abbaneo, D and Bazarko, A and Becker, U and Boix, G and Bird, F and Blucher, E and Bonvicini, B and Bright-Thomas, P and Barklow, T and Buchmuller, O and Cattaneo, M and Cerutti, F and Ciulli, V and Clerbaux, B and Drevermann, H and Forty, RW and Frank, M and Greening, TC and Hagelberg, R and Halley, AW and Gianotti, F and Girone, M and Hansen, JB and Harvey, J and Jacobsen, R and Hutchcroft, DE and Janot, R and Jost, B and Knobloch, J and Kado, M and Lehraus, I and Lazeyras, P and Maley, R and Mato, P and May, J and Moutussi, A and Pepe-Altarelli, M and Ranjard, F and Rolandi, L and Schlatter, D and Schmitt, B and Schneider, O and Tejessy, W and Teubert, F and Tomalin, IR and Tournefier, E and Veenhof, R and Valassi, A and Wiedenmann, W and Wright, AE and Ajaltouni, Z and Badaud, F and Chazelle, G and Deschamps, O and Dessagne, S and Falvard, A and Ferdi, C and Fayolle, D and Gay, P and Guicheney, C and Henrard, P and Jousset, J and Michel, B and Monteil, S and Montret, JC and Pallin, D and Pascolo, JM and Perret, P and Podlyski, F and Bertelsen, H and Fernley, T and Hansen, JD and Hansen, JR and Hansen, PH and Kraan, AC and Lindahl, A and Mollerud, R and Nilsson, BS and Rensch, B and Waananen, A and Daskalakis, G and Kyriakis, A and Markou, C and Simopoulou, E and Siotis, I and Vayaki, A and Zachariadou, K and Blondel, A and Bonneaud, G and Brient, JC and Machefert, E and Rouge, A and Rumpf, M and Swynghedauw, M and Tanaka, R and Verderi, M and Videau, H and Ciulli, V and Focardi, E and Parrini, G and Zachariadou, K and Corden, M and Georgiopoulos, C and Antonelli, A and Antonelli, M and Bencivenni, G and Bologna, G and Bossi, F and Campana, P and Capon, G and Cerutti, F and Chiarella, V and Felici, G and Laurelli, P and Mannocchi, G and Murtas, GP and Passalacqua, L and Picchi, P and Colrain, P and Ten Have, I and Hughes, IS and Kennedy, J and Knowles, IG and Lynch, JG and Morton, WT and Negus, P and O'Shea, V and Raine, C and Reeves, P and Scarr, JM and Smith, K and Thompson, AS and Turnbull, RM and Wasserbaech, S and Buchmuller, O and Cavanaugh, R and Dhamotharan, S and Geweniger, C and Hanke, P and Hansper, G and Hepp, V and Kluge, EE and Putzer, A and Sommer, J and Stenzel, H and Tittel, K and Werner, W and Wunsch, M and Beuselinck, R and Binnie, DM and Cameron, W and Davies, G and Dornan, PJ and Goodsir, S and Marinelli, N and Martin, EB and Nash, J and Nowell, J and Rutherford, SA and Sedgbeer, JK and Thompson, JC and White, R and Williams, MD and Ghete, VM and Girtler, P and Kneringer, E and Kuhn, D and Rudolph, G and Bouhova-Thacker, E and Bowdery, CK and Buck, PG and Clarke, DP and Ellis, G and Finch, AJ and Foster, F and Hughes, G and Jones, RWL and Keemer, NR and Pearson, MR and Robertson, NA and Sloan, T and Smizanska, M and Snow, SW and Williams, MI and van der Aa, O and Delaere, C and Leibenguth, G and Lemaitre, V and Bauerdick, LAT and Blumenschein, U and van Gemmeren, P and Giehl, I and Holldorfer, F and Jakobs, K and Kasemann, M and Kayser, F and Kleinknecht, K and Muller, AS and Quast, G and Renk, B and Rohne, E and Sander, HG and Schmeling, S and Wachsmuth, H and Wanke, R and Zeitnitz, C and Ziegler, T and Aubert, JJ and Benchouk, C and Bonissent, A and Carr, J and Coyle, P and Curtil, C and Ealet, A and Etienne, F and Fouchez, D and Motsch, F and Payre, P and Rousseau, D and Tilquin, A and Talby, M and Thulasides, M and Aleppo, M and Antonelli, M and Ragusa, F and Buscher, V and David, A and Dietl, H and Ganis, G and Huttmann, K and Lutjens, G and Mannert, C and Manner, W and Moser, HG and Settles, R and Seywerd, H and Stenzel, H and Villegas, M and Wiedenmann, W and Wolf, G and Azzurri, P and Boucrot, J and Callot, O and Chen, S and Cordier, A and Davier, M and Duflot, L and Grivaz, JF and Heusse, P and Jacholkowska, A and Le Diberder, F and Lefrancois, J and Mutz, AM and Schune, MH and Serin, L and Veillet, JJ and Videau, I and Zerwas, D and Azzurri, P and Bagliesi, G and Bettarini, S and Boccali, T and Bozzi, C and Calderini, G and Dell'Orso, R and Fantechi, R and Ferrante, I and Fidecaro, F and Foa, L and Giammanco, A and Giassi, A and Gregorio, A and Ligabue, F and Lusiani, A and Marrocchesi, PS and Messineo, A and Palla, F and Rizzo, G and Sanguinetti, G and Sciaba, A and Sguazzoni, G and Spagnolo, P and Steinberger, J and Tenchini, R and Venturi, A and Vannini, C and Venturi, A and Verdini, PG and Awunor, O and Blair, GA and Cowan, G and Garcia-Bellido, A and Green, MG and Medcalf, T and Misiejuk, A and Strong, JA and Teixeira-Dias, P and Botterill, DR and Clifft, RW and Edgecock, TR and Edwards, M and Haywood, SJ and Norton, PR and Tomalin, IR and Ward, JJ and Bloch-Devaux, B and Boumediene, D and Colas, P and Emery, S and Fabbro, B and Kozanecki, W and Lancon, E and Lemaire, MC and Locci, E and Perez, P and Rander, J and Renardy, JF and Roussarie, A and Schuller, JP and Schwindling, J and Tuchming, B and Vallage, B and Black, SN and Dann, JH and Kim, HY and Konstantinidis, N and Litke, AM and McNeil, MA and Taylor, G and Booth, CN and Cartwright, S and Combley, F and Hodgson, PN and Lehto, M and Thompson, LF and Affholderbach, K and Barberio, E and Bohrer, A and Brandt, S and Burkhardt, H and Feigl, E and Grupen, C and Hess, J and Lutters, G and Meinhard, H and Minguet-Rodriguez, J and Mirabito, L and Misiejuk, A and Neugebauer, E and Ngac, A and Prange, G and Rivera, F and Saraiva, P and Schafer, U and Sieler, U and Smolik, L and Stephan, F and Trier, H and Apollonio, M and Borean, C and Bosisio, L and Della Marina, R and Giannini, G and Gobbo, B and Musolino, G and Pitis, L and He, H and Kim, H and Putz, J and Rothberg, J and Armstrong, SR and Bellantoni, L and Berkelman, K and Cinabro, D and Conway, JS and Cranmer, K and Elmer, P and Feng, Z and Ferguson, DPS and Gao, Y and Gonzalez, S and Grahl, J and Harton, JL and Hayes, OJ and Hu, H and Jin, S and Johnson, RP and Kile, J and McNamara, PA and Nielsen, J and Orejudos, W and Pan, Y and Saadi, Y and Scott, IJ and Sharma, V and Walsh, AM and Walsh, J and Wear, J and von Wimmersperg-Toeller, JH and Wiedenmann, W and Wu, J and Wu, SL and Wu, X and Yamartino, JM and Zobernig, G and Dissertori, G and Abdallah, J and Abreu, P and Adam, W and Adye, T and Adzic, P and Ajinenko, I and Albrecht, T and Alderweireld, T and Alekseev, GD and Alemany-Fernandez, R and Allmendinger, T and Allport, PP and Almehed, S and Amaldi, U and Amapane, N and Amato, S and Anashkin, E and Anassontzis, EG and Andersson, P and Andreazza, A and Andringa, S and Anjos, N and Antilous, P and Apel, WD and Arnoud, Y and Ask, S and Asman, B and Augustin, JE and Augustinus, A and Baillon, P and Ballestrero, A and Bambade, P and Barao, F and Barbiellini, G and Barbier, R and Bardin, D and Barker, G and Baroncelli, A and Battaglia, M and Baubillier, M and Becks, KH and Begalli, M and Behrmann, A and Beilliere, P and Belokopytov, Y and Belous, K and Ben-Haim, E and Benekos, N and Benvenuti, A and Berat, C and Berggren, M and Berntzon, L and Bertini, D and Bertrand, D and Besancon, M and Besson, N and Bianchi, F and Bigi, M and Bilenky, MS and Bizouard, MA and Bloch, D and Blom, M and Bluj, M and Bonesini, M and Bonivento, W and Boonekamp, M and Booth, PSL and Borgland, AW and Borisov, G and Bosio, C and Botner, O and Boudinov, E and Bouquet, B and Bourdarios, C and Bowcock, TJV and Boyko, I and Bozovic, I and Bozzo, M and Bracko, M and Branchini, P and Brenke, T and Brenner, R and Brodet, E and Bruckman, P and Brunet, JM and Bugge, L and Buran, T and Burgsmueller, T and Buschbeck, B and Buschmann, P and Cabrera, S and Caccia, M and Calvi, M and Rozas, AJC and Camporesi, T and Canale, V and Canepa, M and Carena, F and Carroll, L and Caso, C and Gimenez, MVC and Castro, N and Cattai, A and Cavallo, F and Cerruti, C and Chabaud, V and Chapkin, M and Charpentier, P and Chaussard, L and Checchia, P and Chelkov, GA and Chen, M and Chierici, R and Chliapnikov, R and Chochula, P and Chorowicz, V and Chudoba, J and Chung, SU and Cieslik, K and Collins, P and Colomer, M and Contri, R and Cortina, E and Cosme, G and Cossuti, F and Costa, MJ and Cowell, JH and Crawley, HB and Crennell, D and Crepe, S and Crosetti, G and Cuevas, J and Czellar, S and D'Hondt, J and Dalmagne, B and Dalmau, J and Damgaard, G and Davenport, M and da Silva, T and Da Silva, W and Deghorain, A and Della Ricca, G and Delpierre, P and Demaria, N and De Angelis, A and De Boer, W and de Brabandere, S and De Clercq, C and De Lotto, B and De Maria, N and De Min, A and de Paula, L and Dijkstra, H and Di Ciaccio, L and Di Diodato, A and Di Simone, A and Djannati, A and Dolbeau, J and Doroba, K and Dracos, M and Drees, J and Drees, KA and Dris, M and Duperrin, A and Durand, JD and Ehret, R and Eigen, G and Ekelof, T and Ekspong, G and Ellert, M and Elsing, M and Engel, JP and Erzen, B and Santo, MCE and Falk, E and Fanourakis, G and Fassouliotis, D and Fayot, J and Feindt, M and Fenyuk, A and Fernandez, J and Ferrari, P and Ferrer, A and Ferrer-Ribas, E and Ferro, F and Fichet, S and Firestone, A and Fischer, PA and Flagmeyer, U and Foeth, H and Fokitis, E and Fontanelli, F and Franek, B and Frodesen, AG and Fruhwirth, R and Fulda-Quenzer, F and Fuster, J and Galloni, A and Gamba, D and Gamblin, S and Gandelman, M and Garcia, C and Garcia, J and Gaspar, C and Gaspar, M and Gasparini, U and Gavillet, P and Gazis, E and Gele, D and Gerber, JP and Gerdyukov, L and Ghodbane, N and Gil, I and Glege, F and Gokieli, R and Golob, B and Gomez-Ceballos, G and Goncalves, P and Caballero, IG and Gopal, G and Gorn, L and Gorski, M and Gouz, Y and Gracco, V and Grahl, J and Graziani, E and Green, C and Grefrath, A and Grimm, HJ and Gris, P and Grosdidier, G and Grzelak, K and Gunther, M and Guy, J and Haag, C and Hahn, F and Hahn, S and Hallgren, A and Hamacher, K and Hamilton, K and Hansen, J and Harris, FJ and Haug, S and Hauler, F and Hedberg, Vincent and Heising, S and Hennecke, M and Henriques, R and Hernandez, JJ and Herquet, P and Herr, H and Hessing, TL and Heuser, JM and Higon, E and Hoffman, J and Holmgren, SO and Holt, PJ and Holthuizen, D and Hoorelbeke, S and Houlden, MA and Hrubec, J and Huber, M and Huet, K and Hughes, GJ and Hultqvist, K and Jackson, JN and Jacobsson, R and Jalocha, P and Janik, R and Jarlskog, C and Jarlskog, Göran and Jarry, P and Jean-Marie, B and Jeans, D and Johansson, EK and Johansson, PD and Jonsson, P and Joram, C and Juillot, P and Jungermann, L and Kapusta, F and Karafasoulis, K and Katsanevas, S and Katsoufis, E and Keranen, R and Kernel, G and Kersevan, BP and Kerzel, U and Khomenko, BA and Khovanski, NN and Kiiskinen, A and King, BT and Kinvig, A and Kjaer, NJ and Klapp, O and Klein, H and Kluit, P and Knoblauch, D and Kokkinias, P and Konopliannikov, A and Koratzinos, M and Kostioukhine, V and Kourkoumelis, C and Kouznetsov, O and Krammer, M and Kreuter, C and Kriznic, E and Krstic, J and Krumstein, Z and Kubinec, P and Kucewicz, W and Kucharczyk, M and Kurowska, J and Kurvinen, K and Lamsa, J and Lanceri, L and Lane, DW and Langefeld, P and Lapin, V and Laugier, JP and Lauhakangas, R and Leder, G and Ledroit, F and Lefebure, V and Leinonen, L and Leisos, A and Leitner, R and Lemonne, J and Lenzen, G and Lepeltier, V and Lesiak, T and Lethuillier, M and Libby, J and Liebig, W and Liko, D and Lipniacka, A and Lippi, I and Loerstad, B and Lokajicek, M and Loken, JG and Lopes, JH and Lopez, JM and Lopez-Femandez, R and Loukas, D and Lutz, P and Lyons, L and MacNaughton, J and Mahon, JR and Maio, A and Malek, A and Malmgren, TGM and Maltezos, S and Malychev, V and Mandl, F and Marco, J and Marco, R and Marechal, B and Margoni, M and Marin, JC and Mariotti, C and Markou, A and Martinez-Rivero, C and Martinez-Vidal, F and Garcia, SMI and Masik, J and Mastroyiannopoulos, N and Matorras, F and Matteuzzi, C and Matthiae, G and Mazik, J and Mazzucato, F and Mazzucato, M and McCubbin, M and McKay, R and McNulty, R and Meroni, C and Meyer, WT and Miagkov, A and Migliore, E and Mirabito, L and Mitaroff, W and Mjoernmark, U and Moa, T and Moch, M and Moeller, R and Moenig, K and Monge, R and Montenegro, J and Moraes, D and Moreau, X and Moreno, S and Morettini, P and Morton, G and Mueller, U and Muenich, K and Mulders, M and Mulet-Marquis, C and Mundim, L and Muresan, R and Murray, W and Muryn, B and Myatt, G and Myklebust, T and Naraghi, F and Nassiakou, M and Navarria, F and Navas, S and Nawrocki, K and Negri, P and Neufeld, N and Neumann, W and Neumeister, N and Nicolaidou, R and Nielsen, BS and Nieuwenhuizen, M and Niezurawski, P and Nikolaenko, V and Nikolenko, M and Nomokonov, V and Normand, A and Nygren, A and Oblakowska-Mucha, A and Obraztsov, V and Olshevski, A and Onofre, A and Orava, R and Orazi, G and Osterberg, K and Ouraou, A and Oyanguren, A and Paganini, P and Paganoni, M and Paiano, S and Pain, R and Paiva, R and Palacios, JP and Palka, H and Papadopoulou, TD and Papageorgiou, K and Pape, L and Parkes, C and Parodi, F and Parzefall, U and Passeri, A and Passon, O and Pavel, T and Pegoraro, M and Peralta, L and Perepelitsa, V and Pernicka, M and Perrotta, A and Petridou, C and Petrolini, A and Philips, HT and Piana, G and Piedra, J and Pieri, L and Pierre, F and Pimenta, M and Piotto, E and Podobnik, T and Poireau, V and Pol, ME and Polok, G and Polycarpo, E and Poropat, P and Pozdniakov, V and Privitera, R and Pukhaeva, N and Pullia, A and Radojicic, D and Ragazzi, S and Rahmani, H and Rakoczy, D and Rames, J and Ramler, L and Ratoff, PN and Read, A and Rebecchi, P and Redaelli, NG and Regler, M and Rehn, J and Reid, D and Reinhardt, R and Renton, P and Resvanis, LK and Richard, F and Ridky, J and Rinaudo, G and Ripp-Baudot, I and Rivero, M and Rodriguez, D and Rohne, O and Romero, A and Ronchese, P and Rosenberg, EI and Rosinsky, P and Roudeau, R and Rovelli, T and Royon, C and Ruhlmann-Kleider, V and Ruiz, A and Ryabtchikov, D and Saarikko, H and Sacquin, Y and Sadovsky, A and Sajot, G and Salmi, L and Salt, J and Sampsonidis, D and Sannino, M and Savoy-Navarro, A and Scheidle, T and Schneider, H and Schwemling, P and Schwering, B and Schwickerath, U and Schyns, MAE and Scuri, F and Seager, P and Sedykh, Y and Segar, A and Seibert, N and Sekulin, R and Shellard, RC and Sheridan, A and Siebel, M and Silvestre, R and Simard, L and Simonetto, F and Sisakian, A and Skaali, TB and Smadja, G and Smirnov, N and Smirnova, Oxana and Smith, GR and Sokolov, A and Sopczak, A and Sosnowski, R and Spassov, T and Spiriti, E and Sponholz, P and Squarcia, S and Stampfer, D and Stanescu, C and Stanic, S and Stanitzki, M and Stapnes, S and Stevenson, K and Stocchi, A and Strauss, J and Strub, R and Stugu, B and Szczekowski, M and Szeptycka, M and Szumlak, T and Tabarelli, T and Taffard, AC and Tegenfeldt, F and Terranova, F and Thomas, J and Tilquin, A and Timmermans, J and Tinti, N and Tkatchev, L and Tobin, M and Todorov, T and Todorovova, S and Toet, DZ and Tomaradze, A and Tome, B and Tonazzo, A and Tortora, L and Tortosa, P and Transtromer, G and Travnicek, P and Treille, D and Tristram, G and Trochimczuk, M and Trombini, A and Troncon, C and Tsirou, A and Turluer, ML and Tyapkin, IA and Tyapkin, P and Tzamarias, S and Ullaland, O and Uvarov, V and Valenti, G and Vallazza, E and Vander Velde, C and Van Apeldoorn, GW and Van Dam, P and Van den Boeck, W and Van Doninck, WK and Van Eldik, J and Van Lysebetten, A and van Remortel, N and Van Vulpen, I and Vassilopoulos, N and Vegni, G and Velos, F and Ventura, L and Venus, W and Verbeure, F and Verdier, P and Verlato, M and Vertogradov, LS and Verzi, V and Vilanova, D and Vitale, L and Vlasov, E and Vodopyanov, AS and Vollmer, C and Voulgaris, G and Vrba, V and Wahlen, H and Walck, C and Washbrook, AJ and Weiser, C and Wetherell, AM and Wicke, D and Wickens, J and Wilkinson, G and Winter, M and Witek, M and Wlodek, T and Wolf, G and Yi, J and Yushchenko, O and Zaitsev, A and Zalewska, A and Zalewski, P and Zavrtanik, D and Zevgolatakos, E and Zhuravlov, V and Zimin, NI and Zintchenko, A and Zoller, P and Zucchelli, GC and Zumerle, G and Zupan, M and Acciarri, M and Achard, P and Adriani, O and Aguilar-Benitez, M and Alcaraz, J and Alemanni, G and Allaby, J and Aloisio, A and Alviggi, MG and Ambrosi, G and Anderhub, H and Andreev, VP and Angelescu, T and Anselmo, F and Arefiev, A and Azemoon, T and Aziz, T and Bagnaia, P and Bajo, A and Baksay, G and Baksay, L and Balandras, A and Baldew, SV and Ball, RC and Banerjee, S and Banerjee, S and Barczyk, A and Barillere, R and Barone, L and Bartalini, P and Basile, M and Batalova, N and Battiston, R and Bay, A and Becattini, F and Becker, U and Behner, F and Bellucci, L and Berbeco, R and Berdugo, J and Berges, P and Bertucci, B and Betev, BL and Bhattacharya, S and Biasini, M and Biglietti, M and Biland, A and Blaising, JJ and Blyth, SC and Bobbink, BJ and Bohm, A and Boldizsar, L and Borgia, B and Bottai, S and Bourilkov, D and Bourquin, M and Braccini, S and Branson, JG and Brigljevic, V and 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Hou, SR and Lashvili, I and Innocente, V and Jin, BN and Jindal, P and Jones, LW and deJong, P and Josa-Mutuberria, I and Khan, RA and Kaur, M and Kienzle-Focacci, MN and Kim, D and Kim, JK and Kirkby, J and Kiss, D and Kittel, W and Klimentov, A and Konig, AC and Koffeman, E and Kopal, M and Kopp, A and Koutsenko, V and Kraber, M and Kraemer, RW and Krenz, W and Kruger, A and Kuijten, H and Kunin, A and de Guevara, PL and Laktineh, I and Landi, G and Lassila-Perini, K and Lebeau, M and Lebedev, A and Lebrun, P and Lecomte, P and Lecoq, P and Le Coultre, P and Lee, HJ and Le Goff, JM and Leiste, R and Leonardi, E and Levtchenko, M and Levtchenko, P and Li, C and Likhoded, S and Lin, CH and Lin, WT and Linde, FL and Lista, L and Liu, ZA and Lohmann, W and Longo, E and Lu, YS and Lu, W and Lubelsmeyer, K and Luci, C and Luckey, D and Luminari, L and Lugnier, L and Lustermann, W and Ma, WG and Maity, M and Malgeri, L and Malinin, A and Mana, C and Mangeol, D and Mans, J and Marchesini, P and Marian, G and Martin, JP and Marzano, F and Massaro, GGG and Mazumdar, K and McNeil, RR and Mele, S and Merola, L and Merk, M and Meschini, M and Metzger, WJ and von der Mey, M and Mihul, A and Milcent, H and Mirabelli, G and Mnich, J and Mohanty, GB and Molnar, P and Monteleoni, B and Moulik, T and Muanza, GS and Muheim, F and Muijs, AJM and Musicar, B and Musy, M and Nagy, S and Natale, S and Napolitano, M and Nessi-Tedaldi, F and Newman, H and Niessen, T and Nisati, A and Novak, I and Nowak, H and Ofierzynski, R and Organtini, G and Oulianov, A and Pal, I and Palomares, C and Pandoulas, D and Paoletti, S and Paoloni, A and Paolucci, P and Paramatti, R and Park, HK and Park, IH and Pascale, G and Passaleva, G and Patricelli, S and Paul, T and Pauluzzi, M and Paus, C and Pauss, F and Peach, D and Pedace, M and Pensotti, S and Perret-Gallix, D and Petersen, B and Piccolo, D and Pierella, F and Pieri, M and Pioppi, M and Piroue, PA and Pistolesi, E and Plyaskin, V and Pohl, M and Pojidaev, V and Postema, H and Pothier, J and Produit, N and Prokofiev, DO and Prokofiev, D and Quartieri, J and Rahal-Callot, G and Rahaman, MA and Raics, P and Raja, N and Ramelli, R and Rancoita, PG and Ranieri, R and Raspereza, A and Razis, P and Ren, D and Rescigno, M and Reucroft, S and van Rhee, T and Riemann, S and Riles, K and Robohm, A and Rodin, J and Roe, BP and Romero, L and Rosca, A and Rosemann, C and Rosenbleck, C and Rosier-Lees, S and Roth, S and Rubio, JA and Ruggiero, G and Ruschmeier, D and Rykaczewski, H and Sakharov, A and Saremi, S and Sarkar, S and Salicio, J and Sanchez, E and Sanders, MP and Sarakinos, ME and Schafer, C and Schegelsky, V and Schmidt-Kaerst, S and Schmitz, D and Schopper, H and Schotanus, DJ and Schwering, G and Sciacca, C and Sciarrino, D and Seganti, A and Servoli, L and Shevchenko, S and Shivarov, N and Shoutko, V and Shumilov, E and Shvorob, A and Siedenburg, T and Son, D and Smith, B and Souga, C and Spillantini, P and Steuer, M and Stickland, DP and Stone, A and Stone, H and Stoyanov, B and Straessner, A and Sudhakar, K and Sultanov, G and Sun, LZ and Sushkov, S and Suter, H and Swain, JD and Szillasi, Z and Sztaricskai, T and Tang, XW and Tarjan, P and Tauscher, L and Taylor, L and Tellili, B and Teyssier, D and Timmermans, C and Ting, SCC and Ting, SM and Tonwar, SC and Toth, J and Tully, C and Tung, KL and Uchida, Y and Ulbricht, J and Uwer, U and Valente, E and Van de Walle, RT and Vasquez, R and Veszpremi, V and Vesztergombi, G and Vetlitsky, I and Vicinanza, D and Viertel, G and Villa, S and Vivargent, M and Vlachos, S and Vodopianov, I and Vogel, H and Vogt, H and Vorobiev, I and Vorobyov, AA and Vorvolakos, A and Wadhwa, M and Wallraff, W and Wang, Q and Wang, XL and Wang, ZM and Weber, A and Weber, M and Wienemann, P and Wilkens, H and Wu, SX and Wynhoff, S and Xia, L and Xu, ZZ and Yamamoto, J and Yang, BZ and Yang, CG and Yang, HJ and Yang, M and Ye, JB and Yeh, SC and You, JM and Zalite, A and Zalite, Y and Zhang, ZP and Zhao, J and Zhu, GY and Zhu, RY and Zhuang, HL and Zichichi, A and Zilizi, G and Zimmermann, B and Zoller, M and Abbiendi, G and Acton, PD and Ainsley, C and Akesson, PF and Alexander, G and Allison, J and Allport, PP and Altekamp, N and Amaral, P and Ametewee, K and Anagnostou, G and Anderson, KJ and Anderson, S and Arcelli, S and Armitage, JC and Asai, S and Ashby, SF and Ashton, P and Astbury, A and Axen, D and Azuelos, G and Bahan, GA and Bailey, I and Baines, JTM and Ball, AH and Banks, J and Barberio, E and Barillari, T and Barker, GJ and Barlow, RJ and Barnett, S and Bartoldus, R and Batley, RJ and Beaudoin, G and Bechtle, P and Bechtluft, J and Beck, A and Becker, J and Beeston, C and Behnke, T and Bell, AN and Bell, KW and Bell, PJ and Bella, G and Bellerive, A and Benelli, G and Bentvelsen, S and Berlich, P and Bethke, S and Biebel, O and Binder, U and Blobel, V and Bloodworth, IJ and Bloomer, JE and Bock, P and Boden, B and Bohme, J and Boeriu, O and 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and Duboscq, JE and Duchovni, E and Duckeck, G and Duerdoth, IP and Dumas, DJP and Eckerlin, G and Edwards, JEG and Elcombe, PA and Estabrooks, PG and Etzion, E and Evans, HG and Evans, M and Fabbri, F and Fanti, M and Fath, P and Feld, L and Ferrari, P and Fiedler, F and Fierro, M and Fincke-Keeler, M and Fischer, HM and Fleck, I and Folman, R and Fong, DG and Ford, M and Foucher, M and Frey, A and Furtjes, A and Fukui, H and Fukunaga, C and Futyan, DI and Gagnon, P and Gaidot, A and Ganel, O and Gary, JW and Gascon, J and Gascon-Shotkin, SM and Gaycken, G and Geddes, NI and Geich-Gimbel, C and Gensler, SW and Gentit, FX and Geralis, T and Giacomelli, G and Giacomelli, P and Giacomelli, R and Gibson, V and Gibson, WR and Gillies, JD and Gingrich, DM and Giunta, M and Glenzinski, D and Goldberg, J and Goodrick, MJ and Gorn, W and Graham, K and Grandi, C and Grant, FC and Gross, E and Grunhaus, J and Gruwe, M and Gunther, PO and Gupta, A and Hagemann, J and Hajdu, C and Hamann, M and Hanson, GG and Hansroul, M and Hapke, M and Harder, K and Harel, A and Hargrovet, CK and Harin-Dirac, M and Harrison, PF and Hart, PA and Hartmann, C and Hattersley, PM and Hauschild, M and Hawkes, CM and Hawkings, R and Heflin, E and Hemingway, RJ and Hensel, C and Herten, G and Heuer, RD and Hildreth, MD and Hill, JC and Hillier, SJ and Hilse, T and Hinshaw, DA and Ho, C and Hoare, J and Hobbs, JD and Hobson, PR and Hochman, D and Hocker, A and Hoffman, K and Holl, B and Homer, RJ and Honma, AK and Horvath, D and Hossain, KR and Hou, SR and Howard, R and Howarth, CP and Huntemeyer, P and Hughes-Jones, RE and Humbert, R and Hutchcroft, DE and Igo-Kemenes, P and Ihssen, H and Imrie, DC and Ingram, M and Ishii, K and Jacob, FR and Janissen, AC and Jawahery, A and Jeffreys, PW and Jeremie, H and Jimack, M and Jobes, M and Joly, T and Jones, CR and Jones, G and Jones, M and Jones, RWL and Jost, U and Jovanovic, P and Jui, C and Jobes, M and Joly, A and Jones, CR and Jones, G and Jones, M and Jones, RWL and Jost, U and Jovanovic, P and Jui, C and Junk, TR and Kanaya, N and Kanzaki, J and Karapetian, G and Karlen, D and Kartvelishvili, V and Kawagoe, K and Kawamoto, T and Keeler, RK and Kellogg, RG and Kennedy, BW and Kim, DH and King, BJ and Kirk, J and Klein, K and Kleinwort, C and Klem, DE and Klier, A and Kluth, S and Kobayashi, T and Kobel, M and Kopke, L and Koetke, DS and Kokott, TP and Komamiya, S and Kormos, L and Kowalewski, R and Kramer, T and Kral, JF and Kress, T and Kreutzmann, H and Krieger, P and von Krogh, J and Kroll, J and Krop, D and Kruger, K and Kuhl, T and Kupper, M and Kuwano, M and Kyberd, P and Lafferty, GD and Lafoux, H and Lahmann, R and Lai, WP and Lamarche, F and Landsman, H and Lanske, D and Larson, WJ and Lauber, J and Lautenschlager, SR and Lawson, I and Layter, JG and Lazic, D and Le Du, P and Leblanc, P and Lee, AM and Lefebvre, E and Lehto, MH and Leins, A and Lellouch, D and Lennert, P and Leroy, C and Lessard, L and Letts, J and Levegrun, S and Levinson, L and Lewis, C and Liebisch, R and Lillich, J and Littlewood, C and Lloyd, AW and Lloyd, SL and Loebinger, FK and Long, GD and Lorah, JM and Lorazo, B and Losty, MJ and Lou, XC and Lu, J and Ludwig, A and Ludwig, J and Luig, A and Macchiolo, A and Macpherson, A and Mader, W and Mattig, P and Malik, A and Mannelli, M and Marcellini, S and Marchant, TE and Maringer, G and Markus, C and Martin, A and Martin, JP and Martinez, G and Masetti, G and Mashimo, T and Matthews, W and Maur, U and McDonald, WJ and McGowan, RF and McKenna, J and Mckigney, EA and McMahon, TJ and McNab, AI and McNutt, J and McPherson, AC and McPherson, RA and Meijers, F and Mendez-Lorenzo, P and Menges, W and Menke, S and Menszner, D and Merritt, FS and Mes, H and Meyer, J and Meyer, N and Michelini, A and Middleton, RP and Mihara, S and Mikenberg, G and Mildenberger, J and Miller, DJ and Milstene, C and Mir, R and Moed, S and Mohr, W and Moisan, C and Montanari, A and Mori, T and Morii, M and Moss, MW and Mouthuy, T and Muller, U and Murphy, PG and Mutter, A and Nagai, K and Nakamura, I and Nanjo, H and Neal, HA and Nellen, B and Nguyen, HH and Nijjhar, B and Nisius, R and Nozaki, M and Oakham, FG and Odorici, F and Ogg, M and Ogren, HO and Oh, A and Oh, H and Okpara, A and Oldershaw, NJ and Omori, T and O'Neale, SW and O'Neill, BP and Oram, CJ and Oreglia, MJ and Orito, S and Pahl, C and Palinkas, J and Palmonari, F and Pansart, JP and Panzer-Steindel, B and Paschievici, P and Pasztor, G and Pater, JR and Patrick, GN and Pawley, SJ and Paz-Jaoshvili, N and Pearce, MJ and Petzold, S and Pfeifenschneider, P and Pfister, P and Pilcher, JE and Pinfold, J and Pitman, D and Plane, DE and Poffenberger, P and Poli, B and Polok, J and Pooth, O and Posthaus, A and Pouladdej, A and del Poz, LA and Prebys, E and Pritchard, TW and Przybycien, M and Przysiezniak, H and Quadt, A and Quast, G and Rabbertz, K and Raith, B and Redmond, MW and Rees, DL and Rembser, C and Renkel, P and Richards, GE and Rick, H and Rigby, D and Riles, K and Robins, SA and Robinson, D and Rodning, N and Rollnik, A and Roney, JM and Rooke, A and Ros, E and Rosati, S and Roscoe, K and Rossberg, S and Rossi, AM and Rosvick, M and Routenburg, P and Rozen, Y and Runge, K and Runolfsson, O and Ruppel, U and Rust, DR and Rylko, R and Sachs, K and Saeki, T and Sahr, O and Sanghera, S and Sarkisyan, EKG and Sasaki, M and Sbarra, C and Schaile, AD and Schaile, O and Schappert, W and Scharf, F and Scharff-Hansen, P and Schenk, P and Schieck, J and Schmitt, B and von der Schmitt, H and Schmitt, S and Schorner-Sadenius, T and Schreiber, S and Schroder, M and Schutz, P and Schultz-Coulon, HC and Schulz, M and Schumacher, M and Schwarz, J and Schwick, C and Schwiening, J and Scott, WG and Settles, M and Seuster, R and Shears, TG and Shen, BC and Shepherd-Themistocleous, CH and Sherwood, P and Shypit, R and Simon, A and Singh, P and Siroli, GP and Sittler, A and Skillman, A and Skuja, A and Smith, AM and Smith, TJ and Snow, GA and Sobie, R and Soldner-Rembold, S and Spagnolo, S and Spano, F and Springer, RW and Sproston, M and Stahl, A and Starks, M and Steiert, M and Stephens, K and Steuerer, J and Stier, HE and Stockhausen, B and Stoll, K and Strohmer, R and Strom, D and Strumia, F and Stumpf, L and Surrow, B and Szymanski, P and Tafirout, R and Takeda, H and Takeshita, T and Talbot, SD and Tanaka, S and Taras, P and Tarem, S and Tasevsky, M and Taylor, RJ and Tecchio, M and Teixeira-Dias, P and Tesch, N and Teuscher, R and Thackray, NJ and Thiergen, M and Thomas, J and Thomson, MA and von Torne, E and Torrence, E and Towers, S and Toya, D and Trocsanyi, Z and Tran, P and Transtromer, G and Trefzger, T and Tresilian, NJ and Trigger, I and Tscheulin, M and Tsukamoto, T and Tsur, E and Turcot, AS and Tumer-Watson, MF and Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G and Ueda, I and Ujvari, B and Utzat, P and Vachon, B and Van den Plas, D and Van Kooten, R and VanDalen, GJ and Vannerem, P and Vasseur, G and Vertesi, R and Verzocchi, M and Vikas, P and Vincter, M and Virtue, CJ and Vokurka, EH and Vollmer, CF and Voss, H and Vossebeld, J and Wackerle, F and Wagner, A and Wagner, DL and Wahl, C and Walker, JP and Waller, D and Ward, CP and Ward, DR and Ward, JJ and Watkins, PM and Watson, AT and Watson, NK and Weber, M and Weber, P and Weisz, S and Wels, PS and Wengler, T and Wermes, N and Wetterling, D and Weymann, M and Whalley, MA and White, JS and Wilkens, B and Wilson, JA and Wilson, GW and Wingerter, I and Winterer, VH and Wlodek, T and Wolf, G and Wood, NC and Wotton, S and Wyatt, TR and Yaari, R and Yamashita, S and Yang, Y and Yeaman, A and Yekutieli, G and Yurko, M and Zacek, V and Zacharov, I and Zer-Zion, D and Zeuner, W and Zivkovic, L and Zorn, GT and Abe, K and Abe, K and Abe, T and Abt, I and Acton, PD and Adam, I and Agnew, G and Akagi, T and Akimoto, H and Allen, NJ and Ash, WW and Aston, D and Bacchetta, N and Baird, KG and Baltay, C and Band, HR and Barakat, MB and Baranko, GJ and Bardon, O and Barklow, TL and Bashindzhagian, GL and Battiston, R and Bauer, JM and Bazarko, AO and Bean, A and Bellodi, G and Ben-David, R and Benvenuti, AC and Berger, R and Biasini, M and Bienz, T and Bilei, GM and Bisello, D and Blaylock, G and Bogart, J and Bolen, B and Bolton, T and Bower, GR and Brau, JE and Breidenbach, M and Bugg, WM and Burke, D and Burnett, TH and Burrows, PN and Busza, W and Calcaterra, A and Caldwell, DO and Camanzi, B and Carpinelli, M and Carr, J and Cassell, R and Castaldi, R and Castro, A and Cavalli-Sforza, M and Chadwick, GB and Chou, A and Church, E and Claus, R and Cohn, HO and Coller, JA and Convery, MR and Cook, V and Cotton, R and Cowan, RF and Coyle, PA and Coyne, DG and Crawford, G and D'Oliveira, A and Damerell, CJS and Daoudi, M and Dasu, S and de Groot, N and de Sangro, R and De Simone, P and De Simone, S and Dell'Orso, R and Dervan, PJ and Dima, M and Dong, DN and Doser, M and Du, PYC and Dubois, R and Duboscq, JE and Eigen, G and Eisenstein, BI and Elia, R and Erdos, E and Erofeeva, I and Eschenburg, V and Etzion, E and Fahey, S and Falciai, D and Fan, C and Fernandez, JP and Fero, MJ and Flood, K and Frey, R and Friedman, JI and Furuno, K and Garwin, EL and Gillman, T and Gladding, G and Gonzalez, S and Hallewell, GD and Hart, EL and Harton, JL and Hasan, A and Hasegawa, Y and Hasuko, K and Hedges, S and Hertzbach, SS and Hildreth, MD and Hitlin, DG and Honma, A and Huber, JS and Huffer, ME and Hughes, EW and Huynh, X and Hwang, H and Iwasaki, M and Iwasaki, Y and Izen, JM and Jackson, DJ and Jacques, P and Jaros, JA and Jiang, ZY and Johnson, AS and Johnson, JR and Johnson, RA and Junk, T and Kajikawa, R and Kalelkar, M and Kamyshkov, YA and Kang, HJ and Karliner, I and Kawahara, H and Kelsey, MH and Kendall, HW and Kim, YD and King, M and King, R and Kofler, R and Krishna, NM and Kwon, Y and Labs, JF and Kroeger, RS and Langston, M and Lath, A and Lauber, JA and Leith, DWG and Lia, V and Lin, C 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Yellin, SJ and Young, CC and Yuta, H and Zapalac, G and Zdarko, RW and Zdarko, RW and Zhou, J},
  issn         = {0370-1573},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5-6},
  pages        = {257--454},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Physics Reports},
  title        = {Precision electroweak measurements on the Z resonance},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2005.12.006},
  volume       = {427},
  year         = {2006},
}