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The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe

Martin, Emily A.; Clough, Yann LU ; Rundlöf, Maj LU ; Andersson, Georg K.S. LU ; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf and , (2019) In Ecology Letters
Abstract
Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity and ecosystem services is a key aim of a sustainable agriculture. However, how the spatial arrangement of crop fields and other habitats in landscapes impacts arthropods and their functions is poorly known. Synthesising data from 49 studies (1515 landscapes) across Europe, we examined effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Configuration effects interacted with the proportions of crop and non-crop habitats, and species’ dietary, dispersal and overwintering traits led to contrasting responses to landscape variables. Overall, however, in landscapes with high edge... (More)
Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity and ecosystem services is a key aim of a sustainable agriculture. However, how the spatial arrangement of crop fields and other habitats in landscapes impacts arthropods and their functions is poorly known. Synthesising data from 49 studies (1515 landscapes) across Europe, we examined effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Configuration effects interacted with the proportions of crop and non-crop habitats, and species’ dietary, dispersal and overwintering traits led to contrasting responses to landscape variables. Overall, however, in landscapes with high edge density, 70% of pollinator and 44% of natural enemy species reached highest abundances and pollination and pest control improved 1.7- and 1.4-fold respectively. Arable-dominated landscapes with high edge densities achieved high yields. This suggests that enhancing edge density in European agroecosystems can promote functional biodiversity and yield-enhancing ecosystem services. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Agroecology, arthropod community, biological control, edge density, pest control, pollination, response trait, semi-natural habitat, trait syndrome, yield
in
Ecology Letters
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85063999847
ISSN
1461-023X
DOI
10.1111/ele.13265
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9e356ef3-1172-4124-83a4-57f38e97f346
date added to LUP
2019-05-10 08:52:52
date last changed
2019-09-15 05:16:50
@article{9e356ef3-1172-4124-83a4-57f38e97f346,
  abstract     = {Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity and ecosystem services is a key aim of a sustainable agriculture. However, how the spatial arrangement of crop fields and other habitats in landscapes impacts arthropods and their functions is poorly known. Synthesising data from 49 studies (1515 landscapes) across Europe, we examined effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Configuration effects interacted with the proportions of crop and non-crop habitats, and species’ dietary, dispersal and overwintering traits led to contrasting responses to landscape variables. Overall, however, in landscapes with high edge density, 70% of pollinator and 44% of natural enemy species reached highest abundances and pollination and pest control improved 1.7- and 1.4-fold respectively. Arable-dominated landscapes with high edge densities achieved high yields. This suggests that enhancing edge density in European agroecosystems can promote functional biodiversity and yield-enhancing ecosystem services. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS},
  author       = {Martin, Emily A. and Clough, Yann and Rundlöf, Maj and Andersson, Georg K.S. and Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf and , },
  issn         = {1461-023X},
  keyword      = {Agroecology,arthropod community,biological control,edge density,pest control,pollination,response trait,semi-natural habitat,trait syndrome,yield},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Ecology Letters},
  title        = {The interplay of landscape composition and configuration: new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.13265},
  year         = {2019},
}