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Country of residence, gender equality and victim blaming attitudes about partner violence : a multilevel analysis in EU

Ivert, Anna-Karin LU ; Merlo, Juan LU and Gracia, Enrique LU (2017) In European Journal of Public Health p.1-6
Abstract

Background: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a global and preventable public health problem. Public attitudes, such as victim-blaming, are important for our understanding of differences in the occurrence of IPVAW, as they contribute to its justification. In this paper, we focus on victim-blaming attitudes regarding IPVAW within the EU and we apply multilevel analyses to identify contextual determinants of victim-blaming attitudes. We investigate both the general contextual effect of the country and the specific association between country level of gender equality and individual victim-blaming attitudes, as well as to what extend a possible general contextual effect was explained by county level gender... (More)

Background: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a global and preventable public health problem. Public attitudes, such as victim-blaming, are important for our understanding of differences in the occurrence of IPVAW, as they contribute to its justification. In this paper, we focus on victim-blaming attitudes regarding IPVAW within the EU and we apply multilevel analyses to identify contextual determinants of victim-blaming attitudes. We investigate both the general contextual effect of the country and the specific association between country level of gender equality and individual victim-blaming attitudes, as well as to what extend a possible general contextual effect was explained by county level gender equality.

Methods: We analyzed data from 26 800 respondents from 27 member states of the European Union who responded to a survey on public perceptions of domestic violence. We applied multilevel logistic regression analysis and measures of variance (intra-class correlation (ICC)) were calculated, as well as the discriminatory accuracy by calculating the area under the receiver operator characteristic curve.

Results: Over and above individual characteristics, about 15% of the individual variance in the propensity for having victim-blaming attitudes was found at the country level, and country level of gender equality did not affect the general contextual effect (i.e. ICC) of the country on individual victim-blaming attitudes.

Conclusion: The present study shows that there are important between-country differences in victim-blaming attitudes that cannot be explained by differences in individual-level demographics or in gender equality at the country level. More research on attitudes towards IPVAW is needed.

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organization
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publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Journal Article
in
European Journal of Public Health
pages
1 - 6
publisher
Oxford University Press
ISSN
1101-1262
DOI
10.1093/eurpub/ckx138
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9fa98491-6b0b-41ea-b424-1307f9c33c3a
date added to LUP
2017-10-25 07:04:08
date last changed
2017-10-27 16:19:20
@article{9fa98491-6b0b-41ea-b424-1307f9c33c3a,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a global and preventable public health problem. Public attitudes, such as victim-blaming, are important for our understanding of differences in the occurrence of IPVAW, as they contribute to its justification. In this paper, we focus on victim-blaming attitudes regarding IPVAW within the EU and we apply multilevel analyses to identify contextual determinants of victim-blaming attitudes. We investigate both the general contextual effect of the country and the specific association between country level of gender equality and individual victim-blaming attitudes, as well as to what extend a possible general contextual effect was explained by county level gender equality.</p><p>Methods: We analyzed data from 26 800 respondents from 27 member states of the European Union who responded to a survey on public perceptions of domestic violence. We applied multilevel logistic regression analysis and measures of variance (intra-class correlation (ICC)) were calculated, as well as the discriminatory accuracy by calculating the area under the receiver operator characteristic curve.</p><p>Results: Over and above individual characteristics, about 15% of the individual variance in the propensity for having victim-blaming attitudes was found at the country level, and country level of gender equality did not affect the general contextual effect (i.e. ICC) of the country on individual victim-blaming attitudes.</p><p>Conclusion: The present study shows that there are important between-country differences in victim-blaming attitudes that cannot be explained by differences in individual-level demographics or in gender equality at the country level. More research on attitudes towards IPVAW is needed.</p>},
  author       = {Ivert, Anna-Karin and Merlo, Juan and Gracia, Enrique},
  issn         = {1101-1262},
  keyword      = {Journal Article},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {1--6},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {European Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Country of residence, gender equality and victim blaming attitudes about partner violence : a multilevel analysis in EU},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx138},
  year         = {2017},
}